Margaret Brouwer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Margaret Brouwer b. Ann Arbor, Michigan, (1940-02-08) February 8, 1940 (age 74) is an American composer.[1]

Brouwer studied at Oberlin College, graduating in 1962, and received her master's degree from Michigan State University. Having started her musical career as a professional violinist with the Fort Worth Symphony and Dallas Symphony, she went on to earn her DMA in composition from Indiana University. Her teachers have included Donald Erb, Harvey Sollberger, Frederick A. Fox, and George Crumb. From 1996-2008 Brouwer served as head of the composition department and holder of the Vincent K. and Edith H. Smith Chair in Composition at the Cleveland Institute of Music. She is now professor emeritus at CIM. In 2004 Brouwer was named a Guggenheim Fellow for her “unusually impressive achievement in the past and exceptional promise for future accomplishment.”[2] In 2006, she received an American Academy of Arts and Letters award in music.[3]

Many of the country’s most distinguished ensembles in New York, Seattle, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., Boston, and Cleveland regularly program her works. In New York Ms. Brouwer’s music has been programmed by the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, American Composers’ Orchestra at Carnegie Hall, Merkin Hall, the Cutting Room, and Symphony Space; by the Orchestra of St. Luke’s on its “Second Helping” series; and by the Cassatt and Cavani String Quartets. Her works have also been played by the Seattle, Dallas, Detroit, and Columbus Symphonies, among others. In Washington, D.C. her music has been performed at the Kennedy Center, the Concoran Gallery, and the Phillips Gallery.

Formerly published by Carl Fischer and Theodore Presser, Brouwer's music is now available through Brouwer New Music Publishing.[4]

Biography[edit]

1999-2001[edit]

In June, 2001 the Cleveland Museum of Art presented a concert devoted entirely to Ms. Brouwer’s chamber music, in which two of the four works performed, (Light and Under the Summer Tree) were premieres. Other premieres during the 2001-02 season included Mandala for the Cleveland Chamber Symphony and Quartet for Franklin Cohen, principal clarinet of the Cleveland Orchestra. Brouwer’s Diary of an Alien and Skyriding were heard in Washington, D.C. in a Prelude Concert of the National Symphony Orchestra in June, 2001. Other performances included Demeter Prelude by the Cavani String Quartet, Crosswinds by the Aurora String Quartet on San Francisco’s Composers, Inc. concert series, “Horn Sonata” with Richard King, principal hornist with the Cleveland Orchestra, Quartet at the Composers Conference at Wellesley College in Massachusetts, and Diary of an Alien at the National Flute Association Convention in Washington, D.C. Brouwer’s SIZZLE was premiered by the Women’s Philharmonic of San Francisco in September 2000 in a concert which also included her Symphony No. 1. Brouwer was in residence at the Wellesley Composers Conference in 2002 and at the MacDowell Colony in 2001, and was a Norton Stevens Fellow there in 1999.

2002-2004[edit]

The 2002-03 season saw the November 2002 premiere of Ms. Brouwer’s Concerto for Percussion, Aurolucent Circles, by the celebrated percussionist Evelyn Glennie and the Seattle Symphony conducted by Gerard Schwarz. In the words of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer: “(Brouwer) has written a marvelous display piece… music (that is) effective and solid, often rather atmospheric, and gives the percussion soloist many opportunities.”[5] In September 2002, the Cleveland Public Theater and Ursuline College presented Ms. Brouwer’s Mystical Connections, a 75-minute work which incorporates musicians and music from other cultures. Brouwer was selected to compose the Ohio Bicentennial commissioned work premiered by the ProMusica Chamber Orchestra in February, 2003 and performed by several Ohio orchestras including the Columbus and Canton Symphonies. In April, 2003 the Roanoke Symphony premiered Pulse for which Ms. Brouwer received a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. Her Sonata for Horn and Piano was performed by David Jolley at the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center’s “Double Exposure” series in March followed by numerous performances of Demeter Prelude by the Cassatt and Cavani String Quartets. In January, New York City’s Steinway Hall presented an evening of Ms. Brouwer’s chamber music including Quartet, Winter’s Dream, Under the Summer Tree and Demeter Prelude. Brouwer served as Composer-in-Residence at Indiana University in 2004 and her Mandala was performed by Indiana University's New Music Ensemble.

2005-2006[edit]

Brouwer's Light for Soprano, harpsichord, flute, clarinet, violin, cello, and percussion was performed at the Tanglewood Music Center’s 2005 Festival of Contemporary Music. Reviewing this concert Allan Kozinn wrote in the New York Times, “Margaret Brouwer’s fantastically eclectic “Light” filtered fragments of medieval and Renaissance pieces through a prism of free-ranging melody.”[6] Brouwer was awarded an Ohio Council for the Arts Individual Fellowship for 2005. In January 2006, Naxos released a CD of her orchestral entitled Aurolucent Circles (CD # 8.559250) featuring Evelyn Glennie, solo percussionist and The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra with Gerard Schwarz conducting. In review of the title work on the CD, Lawson Taitte of The Dallas Morning News praised Brouwer saying, “Ms. Brouwer has one of the most delicate ears and inventive imaginations among contemporary American composers…Ms. Brouwer not only gets seductive sounds out of the instruments, she also creates a dramatic through line that keeps the attention riveted for 27 minutes.”[7] Skyriding was performed at the Contemporary Music Forum in Washington, D.C. in February 2005.

2007-2009[edit]

In 2007, violinist Michi Wiancko and conductor James Gaffigan premiered Brouwer’s Concerto for Violin and Chamber Orchestra with CityMusic Cleveland Chamber Orchestra. In reviewing this work, Donald Rosenberg wrote“…what makes her concerto so alluring is its surprising tension between skittish and poetic material. The three-movement commissioned work abounds in extroverted passages that call upon the soloist to negotiate acrobatic flights and suddenly switch gears. In the opening “Narrative,” the violinist has long, bravura statements that melt seamlessly into tender utterances and back again.”[6] Premieres in 2009 included Brouwer’s Rhapsody for Orchestra commissioned and premiered by the Detroit Symphony, Leonard Slatkin, conducting, and BREAKDOWN, a collaborative work by Brouwer and video/sound artist Kasumi, commissioned and premiered by the American Composers Orchestra, George Manahan conducting, at Carnegie’s Zankel Hall. Mark Stryker of the Detroit Free Press wrote, "Rhapsody proved to be a compact, cleverly scored concerto for orchestra…latent with romanticism but rippled."[7]

2010-2011[edit]

Brouwer's Concerto for Viola and Orchestra, commissioned by the Dallas Symphony, was premiered by them with Ellen Rose, solo violist in January 2010. In the Dallas Morning News, Scott Cantrell wrote, "She has written skillfully and imaginatively for both viola and orchestra, and the music engages from start to finish."[8] She received a Meet The Composer Commissioning/USA award to compose Path at Sunrise, Masses of Flowers which was premiered by the Cleveland Women’s Symphony in April 2010. Reviewing the concert in clevelandclassical.com, Mike Telin said, "The title describes exactly what one sees when listening to this stunning piece. The colors that Ms. Brouwer draws from the orchestra throughout this gorgeous six-minute work made this listener wish it had lasted six minutes longer."[7] A 2010 Voices of Change concert (Dallas) featured several of Brouwer’s works including Trio, Skyriding, and Diary of an Alien. Her first children’s symphonic drama, Daniel and Snakeman, was premiered by CityMusic Cleveland in May 2011. In 2011, Brouwer founded Blue Streak Ensemble, a mixed chamber group devoted to performing her work and the works of other living composers, alongside arrangements of core repertoire.[9] With Blue Streak Ensemble, Brouwer launched the 'Music by the Lake' series, with summer performances around the northern Ohio Lake Erie region. Brouwer's Violin Concerto was performed by Michi Wiancko with both the South Carolina Philharmonic and Columbus Georgia Symphonies.

2012-2013[edit]

The Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, Arild Remmereit conducting, premiered Brouwer's new orchestral work which they commissioned, Caution Ahead – Guard Rail Out, in May 2012. Brouwer was one of five American women composers to be commissioned by American Pianists Association to write a work for solo piano.[10] Her composition Prelude and Toccata received its world premiere performance in Indianapolis on April 15, 2013 by Eric Zuber for the APA’s 2013 ProLiance Energy Classical Fellowship Awards. On April 18 and 19, 2013 the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra performed Ms. Brouwer’s Remembrances. Violinst Michi Wiancko, conductor Gary Schneider and the Orchestra for the Next Century gave the east coast premiere of Margaret Brouwer’s highly acclaimed Violin Concerto at Merkin Hall in New York.

Style[edit]

Brouwer's music has been noted for its use of imagery,[11] memorable melodies, and accessible and engaging nature while making "no obvious concessions toward styles of the day."[12] In the words of Sarah Bryan Miller of the St. Louis Post Dispatch, Brouwer is "that rarity, a contemporary composer whose music is accessible and engaging for a wide range of audiences, but whose work doesn’t sound like movie music. She’s not afraid to be spiky when spikiness is indicated, but there’s never a sense in any of these works that she’s using atonality for its own sake. And often her sonic world is utterly luminous in its beauty.”[13] Furthermore, Brouwer's music has been noted for having "a keen balance between contemporary and tonal language."[14] Fanfare magazine described Brouwer's music as having "a sense of stylistic independence and an openness of spirit…The melodies are memorable, their cut Brouwer’s own; the instrumental writing is unique, sharp,and always expressive.[15]

Recordings[edit]

Title Year Label Catalog No. Notes
Shattered: Chamber Music of Margaret Brouwer 2014 Naxos Records 8.559763 Shattered Glass, Clarinet Quintet, Whom do you call angel now?, Lonely Lake,
Arrangements of Clair de lune and Bach's 2-part Invention in F-Major
The Verdehr Trio - American Images 5 (Making of a Medium Vol. 20) 2011 Crystal Records CD 970 Contains performance of Trio
CityMusic Cleveland LIVE 2007 CityMusic Cleveland CMC4, 2007 Contains performance of Violin Concerto
Aurolucent Circles 2006 Naxos Records 8.559250 Aurolucent Circles, Mandala, Pulse, Remembrances, SIZZLE
Margaret Brouwer - Light 2003 New World Records 80606 Lament, Light, Under the Summer Tree, Skyriding, Demeter Prelude
Richard Stoltzman 2001 MMC Recordings 2080 Contains performance of Clarinet Concerto
Crosswinds 1999 New World Records NWCR821 Crosswinds, Prelude and Vivace, Diary of an Alien, Sonata for Horn and Piano
New Mexico Brass Quintet 1993 Crystal Records CD563 Contains Performance of Timespan
Works by Allan Blank and Margaret Brouwer 1993 Centaur Records CRC 2138 Skyriding, SCHerZOid, Two Pieces for Viola

Works[edit]

Chamber Music[edit]

  • Inner Voices (2014) - flute, voice, violin, cello, trombone, piano
  • Rhapsodic Sonata for Viola and Piano (2012)
  • Lonely Lake (2011) - Flute (Piccolo), Clarinet (Bass Clarinet), Violin, Cello, Percussion and Piano
  • Shattered Glass (2007) - Flute, Cello, Percussion, Piano
  • Fling (2006) - String Quartet
  • Trio (2005) - Violin, Clarinet, Piano
  • Quintet for Clarinet in A and String Quartet (2005) - Clarinet, 2 violins, viola, cello
  • Declaration (2005) - Soprano or mezzo-soprano, violin, piano
  • Clarinet Quintet (2005)
  • Lament (2002) - Violin, clarinet, bassoon, percussion
  • Wedding Song (2001) - String Quartet
  • Light (2001) - Soprano, harpsichord, flute, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion
  • Rapunzel (1998) - Soprano, Flute, Bassoon, French Horn, Trombone, Percussion, Narrator/Synthesizer
  • Celebration (1998) - Brass Quintet
  • Demeter Prelude (1997) - String Quartet
  • Sonata for Horn and Piano (1996)
  • A Little Renaissance Music - Violin, oboe, clarinet, cello, double bass
  • Crosswinds (1995) - String quartet
  • Tolling the Spirits (1994) - Brass Quintet: 2 trumpets (doubling fluegelhorns), Horn, Trombone, Tuba
  • Chamber Concerto (1993) - Solo clarinet, Percussion, Piano
  • Skyriding (1992) - Flute, Violin, Cello, Piano
  • Two Songs (1990) - Soprano, flute, violin, cello, tuba or trombone, percussion, piano
  • Two Pieces for Viola (1989) - Viola and Piano
  • Sonata for Violin and Piano (1987)
  • Timespan (1986) - Brass Quintet - 2 trumpets (doubling Fluegelhorns), Horn, Trombone, Tuba
  • Aurolucent Echoes (1985) - Solo Harp; Echo Harp, 2 Percussion, Violin, Viola, Cello
  • Dream Drifts (1983) - Viola (with tape delay) and Piano (with Percussion)
  • Ruins of Riveaulx (1982) - Electronic tape with optional visuals

Chamber Orchestra[edit]

  • Daniel and Snakeman (2011) - A Children's Symphonic Drama for Narrator and Chamber Orchestra
  • Century's Song (2003)
    Version available for community and high school orchestra
  • Wedding Song (2001) - String Orchestra
  • Mandala (2001)
  • Prelude and Vivace for Clarinet and Chamber Ensemble (1996)
  • Then the Bells (1991)
  • Skattle (1990)

Orchestral[edit]

  • Caution Ahead - Guard Rail Out (2012)
  • Path at Sunrise, Masses of Flowers (2010)
  • Rhapsody for Orchestra (2009)
  • Breakdown (2009) - A sample based hybrid opera in one act
  • Stardance (2007)
  • Pulse (2003)
  • Centennial Bells (2003) - From Century's Song
    Easy arrangement for middle school and high school orchestras
  • Sizzle (2000)
  • Symphony No. 1, Lake Voices (1997)
  • Pluto - A Sequel (1997) - Orchestra and Women’s Chorus
  • Remembrances (1996)
  • Third From the Sun (1988)

Concerti[edit]

  • Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (2010)
  • Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (2007)
  • Aurolucent Circles (2002) - Concerto for Percussion and Orchestra
  • Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1994)

Solo Instrumental[edit]

Piano[edit]

  • Prelude and Toccata (2013)
  • Under the Summer Tree (2000)
  • Sonata for Solo Piano (1998)
  • Dancing on Hot Coals (1998)

Other[edit]

  • No Rotary Phone (1995) - Clarinet
  • Diary of an Alien (1994) - Flute
  • SCHerZOid (1989) - Horn

Vocal[edit]

  • Sing with the Lark (2003) - SATB, a cappella, optional piano, optional handbells
    Also available with chamber or standard orchestra accompaniment.
  • Winter Dream (2000) - Soprano and piano
  • Missa Brevis (1991) - Mens chorus and piano (3 Chimes or Hand Bells, played by chorus members)
  • Washington and Lee Hymn (1990) - SATB a cappella

Band and Wind Ensemble[edit]

  • Pulse (2013)
  • Red Hill Special March (2003)
  • Sizzle (2002) - Wind Ensemble, college, and high school bands

Arrangements[edit]

  • Bach - Two Part Invention in F Major (BWV 779)
    arranged for Flute, Clarinet, Violin, Cello, Piano and Percussion
  • Debussy - Clair de Lune
    arranged for Flute, Clarinet, Violin, Cello and Piano

Notable Students[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IAWM Journal 2003 " to celebrate the New York premieres of chamber music by Margaret Brouwer on January 13, 2003 at Steinway Hall."
  2. ^ "Guggenheim Fellowship". 
  3. ^ "American Academy of Arts and Letters Announces 2006 Music Award Winners". 
  4. ^ "Brouwer New Music Publishing". 
  5. ^ Campbell, R.M. (11/8/2002). "Glennie's nothing short of amazing". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ a b Rosenberg, Donald (March 29, 2007). "A winning world premiere for violin". The Plain Dealer. 
  7. ^ a b c "Margaret Brouwer biography". 
  8. ^ Cantrell, Scott (January 8, 2010). "Classical music review: Phillips demonstrates exquisite mastery leading Dallas Symphony Orchestra". Dallas Morning News. 
  9. ^ "Blue Streak Ensemble". 
  10. ^ "5 American Women Composers Commissioned by American Pianists Association". New Music Box. February 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ Kilpatrick (March–April 1992). American Record Guide.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Ross, Alex (May 1, 1996). "MUSIC REVIEW;Private, Lyrical Worlds In Contemporary Works". New York Times. 
  13. ^ Bryan Miller, Sarah (January 2004). "Review: Light". St. Louis Post Dispatch. 
  14. ^ Rosenberg, Donald (Spring 2008). "Review". The Plain Dealer. 
  15. ^ Igram, Paul (May–June 2004). "Review". Fanfare Magazine. 

External links[edit]