Margaret Chilton

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Margaret Chilton Window in St Bride’s Church in the Highlands of Scotland. Image courtesy Reverend Adrian Fallows.

Margaret Chilton (1875–1962), born at Clifton, Bristol, was a British stained glass artist and instructor.

Career[edit]

In the early 1900s she attended the Royal College of Art in London, where she was taught by Christopher Whall. In about 1906 she returned to Bristol where she set up her own stained glass studio. In 1918 she moved to Glasgow to take up a post at the Abbey Studio and taught for a period at the Glasgow School of Art.

In Glasgow Chilton met Marjorie Boyce Kemp (1886–1975) who was a pupil at the Glasgow School of Art and in 1922 she set up in partnership with Kemp and opened a studio at 13a George Street in Edinburgh. After a few years they moved to 12 Queen Street. She was to spend most of her working life in Scotland. She and Kemp worked together on many occasions, always working strictly in accordance with Arts and Crafts movement principles.

She was an Associate member of the Royal College of Art and a member of the Royal West Academy in Bristol. In some instances her windows were made in collaboration with Lowndes & Drury, owned by Mary Lowndes and Alfred J. Drury.

Works in Parish Churches[edit]

This is a listing of Margaret Chilton's major works, listed where possible in date order. Where a work was done in collaboration with Marjorie Kemp this is indicated in the text.

Church Location Date(s) Subject, notes and references
Pilton Parish Church Pilton, Somerset This was Margaret Chiltons' first commission. A three-light, traceried window has Jesus in the central light. He is holding a lamb and in the other two lights Chilton depicts various sheep. See image below.[1]
St Alban Bristol, Wiltshire 1915 Chilton designed a window to celebrate completion of the building of the church in 1915. It depicts various craftsmen and the completed church. This church, in the Westbury Park area of Bristol, also holds much stained glass by Arnold Robinson.[1]
St. John the Baptist Croydon, Outer London 1918 Chilton designed a Memorial Window for this church celebrating the service given by the Navy in The Great War. The inscription reads

“TO THE GLORY OF GOD TO COMMEMORATE THE HEROIC SERVICE RENDERED BY THE NAVY DURING THE GREAT WAR THIS WINDOW WAS PRESENTED BY W HAROLD AND A GERTRUDE EVE”

The window is a six-light window and was made in collaboration with Lowndes & Drury.[2]
St Andrew Kilbowie, Dunbartonshire 1920 A two-light window designed by Chilton for this church remembers those who fell in The Great War. Window made by The City Glass Company. It was dedicated on 30 October 1920.[1]
St Mary Chelsea, Inner London 1948 Chilton executed a single light window for the South Aisle of this church. The window depicts the Blessed Virgin Mary.[3]

See image below.

St James Silsoe, Bedfordshire 1924 A single-light window in the North Transept depicts the “Virgin and Child” and is in memory of Bessie Olney who died in 1921.[4]
St Andrew Hampstead, London Two windows in this church were designed and made with Marjorie Kemp in their Edinburgh studios.[5]
Chalmers Memorial Church Port Seton, East Lothian 1924–1950 This church is regarded as being an excellent example of Arts and Crafts design. Chilton designed several windows for the church between 1924 and 1950, working with Marjorie Kemp.[6]
North Morningside United Presbyterian Morningside 1928 and 1930 This is no longer an active church but is now the Eric Liddell Centre. The original church windows remain intact. There are two Chilton/Kemp Windows, each of three lights and in the West Clerestory. The 1928 window is called “Him declare I unto you." and features St Paul at Athens. It illustrates Paul preaching to the philosophers at the Areopagus in Athens, Acts 17. Verse 23. Paul draws attention to the fact that they are so religious that they even have an altar to an unknown God. He then goes on to say that what they worship as unknown, “Him declare I unto you.” He then tells them about the Creator God who enables those who seek to find him and repent of their wrongdoing. Among those who believed were Dionysius and Damaris, both of whom are represented in the tableau. By using words from II Corinthians 5 v 17, the artists are endeavouring to increase our understanding of the change that is being brought about in the lives of believers through their relationship with Christ. The Greek text on the window makes it one of only four in Edinburgh to be inscribed in such a manner. The window is dedicated to James Gilchrist Goold who was minister at the church from 1914 to 1923. The second three-light window is entitled “Come unto me” and was installed in March 1930. The theme is “Caring”. The centre light depicts Jesus' core call to humanity, "Come unto me" and above are depictions of the Annunciation and Nativity. Below we see the Crucifixion. The outer lights are made up of panels that highlight the reading of scripture, instruction of children and images from scripture that encourage care of others based on Matthew 25 v 34 - 35. The window is dedicated to “The men and women of faith who founded the church".[7][8]
St Andrew Leytonstone, Greater London Chilton completed several windows for this church.[9]
Laurieston Parish Church Laurieston, Stirlingshire 1926 and 1932. Three windows were completed for this church. Laurieston is a village some 4 miles from Falkirk. Windows feature “Our Lord with workers in local industries”. The window was designed and made with Marjorie Kemp. The flanking lights, depicting various Saints were completed in 1932. According to John Gifford and Frank Arneil Walker in “The Buildings of Scotland: Stirling and Central Scotland” ISBN 0-300-09594-5"- “all are clearly drawn with a characteristic hint of febrility”[10]
Colvend Parish Church Colvend, Dumfries and Galloway 1926 The West window in the Aisle of this church was designed and made with Marjorie Kemp. According to John Gifford in “The Buildings of Scotland: Dumfries and Galloway” ISBN 0-14-071067-1, the design shows “a fey-looking St John accompanied by a determined eagle.”
St Leonard St Andrews, Fife 1926 to 1954 Chilton worked on several windows for this church which was built in 1904. One window depicts St Margaret of Scotland. Chilton includes Edinburgh Castle Rock and St Margaret’s Chapel in the design as well as the Arms of Scotland and Edward the Confessor. The window was presented to the church by Col. Oswald and Mrs. Dykes in memory of their aunt, Mary Josephine Wallace, wife of the Reverend R.W. Wallace. The window “Breaking of the Alabaster Box and Raising of Lazarus” dates to 1934 and was presented by the congregation in memory of the Revd Robert Wilfred Wallace who was the minister at St Leonard’s from 1898 to 1932. Another window depicts the “Transfiguration”. This is dated 1954 and celebrates the Jubilee of the church and the 20 elders who died during that 50 years period. The names of these elders appear on a bronze plate by the window. Chilton’s “Crucifixion and Emmaus Story” is the earliest of Chilton’s works in the church dating to 1926. The window is in memory of Mr. Alexander Thoms, an elder at the church for 41 years. “Triumphal Entry” and the “Last Supper” were windows executed in 1928, this time Chilton being assisted by Marjorie Kemp. “St Leonard Liberating the Prisoners” dates to 1943 and was presented by F.M. Heddle in memory of his sister, C.S.Thoms, the wife of Alexander Thoms. Chilton also designed the Memorial Window to those who perished in the 1939-45 war. This was installed in 1946 and depicts a “Healing scene” and “The Cleansing of the Temple".[11]
St Callan Rogart, Highlands 1929 In this church are two small stained glass memorial windows on either side of the pulpit. They are entitled “Nativity” and “Penitence” and were designed and made by Margaret Chilton and Marjorie Kemp[12]
St John’s Kirk of Perth Perth, Perth and Kinross 1929 and 1930 Margaret Chilton and Marjorie Kemp designed and made two windows for this church. The window installed in 1929 was titled “The Feeding the Five Thousand “ and the second, installed in 1930, has the theme of “Resurrection” and “Healing” and is a two-light window. This is in the North Choir Aisle. Its main feature is the depiction of a blind boy being led to Our Lord. Marjorie Kemp did a further window in 1933 illustrating the “Nativity.”[13]
Kirton Manor Parish Church Kirkton, Peebles 1931 Chilton’s East window depicts St Francis and Margaret[14]
National Portrait Gallery Edinburgh, Lothian 1932 Chilton and Kemp designed an armorial window for the south windows in the Gallery’s Central Hall.[15]
City Chambers Edinburgh, Lothian 1932 Chilton, working with Marjorie Kemp, designed and made an armorial stained glass window for the north west rooms of the Chambers.[1]
Craigmillar Park Church Newington 1933 and 1938 Chilton, working with Marjorie Kemp, designed and made two windows for this church. In the South Transept there is a three-light window depicting “St Michael”, “Christ with children” and “Christ healing the sick”, this dated 1933 and one of two lights depicting “John the Baptist” and “Zacchaeus” this installed in 1938.[16]
Dirleton Parish Church Dirleton, East Lothian 1936 In the Aisle of Dirleton Parish Church is Chilton’s three-light window depicting “St Francis and the Animals”.[17]
St Cuthbert Colinton, Lothian 1935 Chilton designed a three-light window in the Lady Chapel. The left panel depicts St Margaret with Edinburgh Castle Rock and St Margaret’s Chapel behind her right shoulder. Her symbol, the marguerite, is in the lower right hand corner. The middle panel depicts Mary, mother of Jesus and two lily flowers. The right panel depicts Saint George with the slain dragon. In the lower right hand corner is the badge of the King’s Own Scottish Borderers.[1]
St Bride Onich, North Ballachulish, Highlands 1935 For the Chancel’s Couth wall Chilton designed and made a single light window portraying “St John the Evangelist”. See image above.[1]
St Mary Walton-on-Thames, Surrey 1938 Chilton designed and made a three-light East window with the theme of “The Crucifixion”.[18]
St John the Evangelist Alloa 1939 Chilton executed the centre light in the East window in the North wall of the Aisle. Described as “a strongly coloured depiction of the Annunciation set against a background of obscured plain glass”[19]
St. Andrew Eastbourne, Sussex 1946 Chilton was responsible for a single light in the church’s North Chapel. It depicts the Annunciation, the Nativity and some Angels. The window was given in memory of a Georgina Secretan, a long standing member of St Andrew’s.[20]
Holy Trinity Crockham Hill, Kent 1948 Chilton executed a two-light window in the South Nave of this church depicting “St. George” and “St. Augustine”.[21]
Church of the Good Shepherd Edinburgh, Lothian 1935 and 1943 This Murrayfield church, which was one of Sir Robert Lorimer’s first commissions, has several Chilton windows. In the South side of the church are two lights entitled “Christ’s Nativity” and “Christ’s Baptism”, these dating to 1935 and in 1943 two more lights were added, “Christ Healing the Sick” and “Christ washing His disciples feet”. The church was dedicated in 1899.[22]
St Margaret's Queen of Scotland Episcopal Church with Boundary Walls Leven, Fife 1948 Chilton designed and made the window in the South Nave entitled “'Baptism, Fasting, Temptation”.[23]
St James the Great Dollar, Stirlingshire 1949 Chilton’s window features Our Lord and Little Children.[24]
Belhaven-Westbourne Church Glasgow, Lanarkshire 1951 Chilton designed and made a window for this church.[25]
Tranent Parish Church Tranent, East Lothian 1953 Chilton designed and made a three-light West window and had help from Marjorie Kemp on the centre light depicting “Christ and the four Evangelists”.[26]
St Finnian Lochgelly, Fife 1949 and 1950 Chilton’s first work for this church was in 1949 when she designed the single light window “Sanctus”. This is in what was the Lady Chapel and is now the vestry. In 1950 she designed a three-light East window entitled “Christ the High Priest.”

[27]

Bearsden Cross Parish Church Bearsden, East Dunbartonshire 1955 A three-light window depicting “The Risen Lord” and “St Mary Magdalene” with Old and New Testament figures in the side lights. See image in gallery below.[1]
Holy Trinity Scottish Episcopal Church Stirling, Stirlingshire 1952 to 1955 The earliest of five Chilton windows in this church dates from 1951 and depicts “St Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231)”. It is inscribed "This window was bequeathed by Caroline Ethel Spurway in 1944, in loving memory of her parents, Major-General John Spurway and Caroline Dundas (neé Stirling) his wife and of her elder sister Christian Aimée Spurway." Another Chilton window is entitled “St Columba” and dates to 1952. The window is in memory of Charles Herbert Thomson, who died 17 July 1951 and was commissioned by his wife Janet H Thomson. St Columba is shown on a missionary journey to the Picts. In part of the window he is shown in a coracle crossing the Irish Sea to come to Scotland. Charles Herbert Thomson had been the governor of a Sudanese province before retiring to Stirling. Another 1952 window depicts Francis of Assisi and is inscribed: "In memory of William Kellock (Benefactor)”. St Francis is shown preaching to the birds. He is also shown receiving the sigmata which he is said to have borne, unknown to others, until his death at the age of 45. William Curtis Kellock was an ironmonger’s clerk who served on the Vestry for many years. Slightly later is the window “Andrew” completed in 1955 and inscribed: "To the glory of God in memory of her sons Ian Livingstone who died March 9th 1942 and Charles Livingstone who died January 10th 1954, given by their loving mother." The window depicts St Andrew with the saltire cross. He bears a fishing net, the mark of his original trade. His association with Scotland, of which he is patron saint, derives from the moving of at least some his relics from Patras in Greece to what is now St Andrews in Fife by St Rule in the 8th century. Flying Officer Ian Frederick Livingstone was shot down over the Netherlands, aged 25, while flying an Avro Manchester from RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire in a thousand-bomber raid on Essen. He is buried in Bergen General Cemetery, Netherlands. Charles Livingstone was a civilian pilot and died in a plane crash while returning as a passenger from Cyprus. The final window in the church by Chilton depicts “St Mary Magdalene” and is inscribed: "In memory of Alice, Emily. Elizabeth & Helen Galbraith (Benefactors)". St Mary Magdalene is usually identified as the sinful woman who anointed Christ's feet in the house of Simon (Luke 7:38). Hence, in this window, she bears a pot of ointment. She is the patron of repentant sinners and of the contemplative life.[28]
St Michael Inveresk, Lothian Chilton executed a window for this church depicting “St Bride” and “St Modwenna”.[29]
St Luke Edinburgh, Lothian For this church in East Fettes Avenue, Chilton and Kemp designed and made a single light window for the Baptistery Chapel depicting “The Madonna”.[1]
Christ Church Dalbeattie 1954-55 A two-light window in this church depicting “Our Lady” and “St John” was designed and made with Marjorie Kemp “more powerful than usual for those artists”[30]
Christ Church South Nutfield, Surrey 1927 With Marjorie Kemp, Chilton completed a two-light window in the South Chancel area, depicting St Peter and St Paul and in memory the Reverend Charles Fison.[31]

Other work[edit]

There is a Margaret Chilton window, “The Appleton Memorial Window” entitled “Feed My Lambs” and dating to 1912 at the Ely Stained Glass Museum, Ely, Cambridgeshire. The window came from St John’s Church, Clifton, Bristol and was a memorial to Jane and Louisa Appleton. The three-light window depicts Jesus with Simon Peter and some women and children.[32]

In St Bride’s Church in Hyndland, Glasgow there is a painting by Chilton of “The Entombment” which serves as an altar piece. It was presented to the church in 1919. This is a George Frederick Bodley designed church built in 1903-1904. Chilton had been a member of St Bride’s for several years whilst living and working in Glasgow.[33]

Warriston Crematorium was originally East Warriston House, a two-story villa built in 1808 by banker Andrew Bonar. It was converted into a crematorium in 1929 with Sir Robert Lorimer as the architect. The building has stained glass by Margaret Chilton and Marjorie Kemp.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Women Stained Glass Artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement" Catalogue of exhibition organised by the William Morris Gallery Exhibition and Brangwyn Gift in 1985. Retrieved 15 August 2012
  2. ^ "Stained Glass Records St John the Baptist Croydon". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Stained Glass Records-St Mary Chelsea". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  4. ^ "Stained Glass Records. St James Silsoe". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  5. ^ "St Andrew Hamstead. Information on the Stained Glass Windows". St Andrew's. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  6. ^ "Chalmer's Memorial Church". Sacred Scotland. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  7. ^ "A Guide to the Stained Glass Windows" The Eric Liddell Centre. Published by Historic Scotland with assistance the Heritage Lottery Fund. Available at the Eric Liddell Centre
  8. ^ "Eric Liddell Centre-Stained Glass". The Eric Liddell Centre. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  9. ^ Evens, Jonathan (2009-05-19). "commission4mission: St Andrews Leytonstone". Commissionformission.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  10. ^ "Windows". Laurredwest-churches.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  11. ^ Kenneth Wright. "St Leonards Parish Church". Home.btconnect.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  12. ^ Gifford, John. (1992). "The Buildings of Scotland. Highlands and Islands." Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071071-X.
  13. ^ "St John's Kirk in Perth". St-johns-kirk.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  14. ^ Cruft, Kitty and John Dunbard, Richard Fawcett. (2006) "Borders: The Buildings of Scotland". Pevsner Architectural Guides. ISBN 9780300107029.
  15. ^ "National Portrait Gallery". Sussex Parish Churches. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  16. ^ "Craigmillar Park Church". Sacred Scotland. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  17. ^ "Dirleton Parish Church". Sacred Scotland. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  18. ^ "Stained Glass Records-St Mary Walton-on-Thames". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  19. ^ Gifford, John and Frank Arneil Walker. (2002) "The Buildings of Scotland: Stirling and Central Scotland." Pevsner Architectural Guides. ISBN 0-300-09594-5
  20. ^ "Stained Glass Records-St Andrew Eastbourne". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  21. ^ "Stained Glass Records-Holy Trinity Crockham Hill". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  22. ^ "13a Murrayfield Avenue, Church of the Good Shepherd (scottish Episcopal Church), Edinburgh". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  23. ^ "St Margaret's Queen of Scotland Episcopal Church with Boundary Walls". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  24. ^ "St James the Great. Doors Open In Clackmannenshire". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  25. ^ "Belhaven-Westbourne Church". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  26. ^ "Tranent Parish Church (church of Scotland) with Graveyard Walls, Gatepiers, Gates and Gravestones, Tranent". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  27. ^ "St Finnian's". Scottish Church Heritage Research. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  28. ^ "Stained Glass Windows Holy Trinity Scottish Episcopal Church". Holy Trinity Scottish Episcopal Church. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  29. ^ "St Michael Inveresk". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  30. ^ Gifford, John. (1999). The Buildings of Scotland: Dumfries and Galloway. Penguin UK. ISBN 0 14 0710 67 1
  31. ^ "Stained Glass records Christ Church South Nutfield". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  32. ^ "The Appleton Memorial Window". Stained Glass Museum.Ely. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  33. ^ "St.Bride's Episcopal Church, Hyndland Stained glass windows". St Bride's. Retrieved 2012-09-08.