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|Born||Margaret Leisha Kilgallen
October 28, 1967
|Died||June 26, 2001
San Francisco, California
|Education||Colorado College (BFA, 1989),
Stanford University (MFA, 2001)
|Known for||Painting, printmaking, and graffiti|
|Awards||San Francisco Arts Commission – Individual Grant: Cultural Equity (1997)
Fleishhacker Foundation – Eureka Fellowship (1998)
Margaret Leisha Kilgallen (October 28, 1967 – June 26, 2001) was a San Francisco Bay Area artist. Though a contemporary artist, her work showed a strong influence from folk art. She was considered a central figure in the Bay Area Mission School art movement.
Life and career
Though diagnosed with breast cancer, Kilgallen opted to forgo chemotherapy so that she might carry a pregnancy to term. She died in 2001, at age 33, three weeks after the birth of Asha, her daughter with her husband and collaborator Barry McGee. Kilgallen has since been the subject of several posthumous retrospectives.
Kilgallen's first major group exhibitions appeared in 1997 and included the first Bay Area Now show at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, soon followed by a solo exhibition at The Drawing Center in New York City. In 2000, she and Barry McGee had a featured exhibition at the UCLA Hammer Museum. A number of major exhibitions took place after her death. In 2002, her work was chosen for that year's Whitney Biennial. In 2005, a survey of her work was shown at the Gallery at REDCAT. Her work was also an important part of the 2004–2006 touring exhibit, Beautiful Losers: Contemporary Art and Street Culture.
Other galleries that have exhibited her work include the Luggage Store in San Francisco; Gallery 16 in San Francisco; Forum for Contemporary Art in St. Louis; the Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia; and The Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles.
Kilgallen's paintings and murals reflected a variety of influences, including the dying art of hand-painted signs, elements of American folk art, mural painting, and a variety of formal painting strategies. At an early age, she was impressed by examples of works by Southwest and Mexican artists, and she employed these artists' use of warm colors in her own painting. Her many works in gouache and acrylic on found paper (often discarded book endpapers) reflect an interest in typographic styles and symbology that can be traced to her work as a book conservator with Dan Flanagan at the San Francisco Public Library in the early to mid-1990s.
In addition to her commissioned mural work, Kilgallen was also a graffiti artist under the tag names "Meta" and "Matokie Slaughter." The latter name, a homage to folk musician Matokie Slaughter, was specifically used for freight train graffiti. Kilgallen was an accomplished banjo player and became an avid surfer after moving to California.
Kilgallen was an avid reader, looking to Appalachian music, signage, letterpress printing, freight train vandal art, and religious and decorative arts to inform her work. Her work demonstrates her respect for and engagement with craftsmanship and the stories of everyday peoples' lives. She was especially interested in "the evidence of the maker's hand." As she explained:
I like things that are handmade and I like to see people's hand in the world, anywhere in the world; it doesn't matter to me where it is. And in my own work, I do everything by hand. I don't project or use anything mechanical, because even though I do spend a lot of time trying to perfect my line work and my hand, my hand will always be imperfect because it's human. And I think it's the part that's off that's interesting, that even if I'm doing really big letters and I spend a lot of time going over the line and over the line and trying to make it straight, I'll never be able to make it straight. From a distance it might look straight, but when you get close up, you can always see the line waver. And I think that's where the beauty is.
Relationship to other artists
Kilgallen had close ties with a number of other artists. These artists include, besides her husband and collaborator Barry McGee, Chris Johanson, Josh Lazcano, Alicia McCarthy, Clare Rojas, Amy Franceschini, Thomas Campbell, Dan Flanagan, Symantha Gates, Nell Gould, filmmaker Bill Daniel, and musician Tommy Guerrero, for whom she designed album covers.
- Baker, Alex (editor). (2005). Margaret Kilgallen: In the Sweet Bye & Bye. Valencia, CA: California Institute of the Arts. ISBN 0-9749831-2-8
- Beautiful Losers (film)
- "The young at art" by David Bonetti, San Francisco Examiner, June 18, 1997.
- Yerba Buena Center for the Arts. 1997. Bay Area Now: A Regional Survey of Contemporary Art.
- "Margaret Kilgallen", UCLA Hammer Museum, 2000.
- "Margaret Kilgallen: In the Sweet Bye & Bye", REDCAT website, June 15, 2005.
- "Margaret Kilgallen" (press release), REDCAT website, June 20, 2005.
- "Beautiful Losers", Contemporary Arts Center (website), March 13, 2004.
- "Beautiful Losers: Contemporary Art and Street Culture", Orange County Museum of Art (website), February 6, 2005.
- "Beautiful Losers" Fondazione La Triennale, Milano, February 17, 2006.
- Transit Project (1996) Meta "Meta." Online collection of graffiti art.
- "Margaret Kilgallen" on Art:21, PBS.com, 2005.
- Berry, Colin. (2003). Like a folk tale. Print 57(1):102-107. (Abstract)
- Rose, Aaron and Strike, Christian (editors). (2004). Beautiful Losers: Contemporary Art and Street Culture. ISBN 1-891024-74-4
- Margaret Kilgallen: In the Sweet Bye and Bye,California Institute of the Arts (May 2007),ISBN 0974983128, ISBN 978-0974983127
- Margaret Kilgallen at Ratio 3, San Francisco
- Biography, interviews, essays, artwork images and video clips from PBS series Art:21 -- Art in the Twenty-First Century - Season 1 (2001).
- "Margaret Kilgallen, a San Francisco Artist, Dies at 33" by Roberta Smith, New York Times, July 4, 2001.
- "S.F. graffiti artist Margaret Kilgallen" by David Bonetti, San Francisco Chronicle, July 7, 2001.
- "Rising young artist Margaret Kilgallen dead at 33" by John Sanford, Stanford Report, July 23, 2001.
- "Margaret Kilgallen, Gallery 16"[dead link] by Maria Porges, ArtForum, May 1997.
- "Femme Vital: Margaret Kilgallen Hand in Hand" by Michele Lockwood, Super X Media #2.2, 1998.
- "Art in Review: Margaret Kilgallen — 'To Friend and Foe'" by Holland Cotter, New York Times, October 1, 1999.
- "Finding Margaret - a project at the Luggage Store Gallery" by sketchypad.