Margaret Skinnider

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Margaret Skinnider
(Mairéad Ní Scinneadora)
Margaretskinnider.jpg
Margaret Skinnider
Born (1892-04-05)5 April 1892
Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died 10 October 1971(1971-10-10) (aged 78)
Glengeary, Dublin, Ireland
Allegiance Irish Citizen Army
Irish Republican Army
Years of service 1915–1923
Rank Not known
Battles/wars Easter Rising
Irish War of Independence
Irish Civil War
Other work Teacher

Margaret Skinnider (28 May 1892 – 10 October 1971) was a revolutionary and feminist born in Coatbridge, Scotland. She fought during the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin. Her part in the Easter Rising was all the more notable because she was a woman, a sniper and the only female wounded in the action. She was mentioned three times for bravery in the dispatches sent to the Dublin GPO.[1]

Early life[edit]

Skinnider was born in 1893 to Irish parents in the Lanarkshire town of Coatbridge. She trained as a mathematics teacher and joined Cumann na mBan in Glasgow, she was also involved in the women's suffrage movement in Glasgow.[2] Ironically she had learned to shoot in a rifle club which had originally been set up so that women could help in defence of the British Empire.[3] During her trips to Ireland Skinnider came under the influence of Constance Markievicz and became active in smuggling detonators and bomb-making equipment into Dublin (in her hat) in preparation for the 1916 Easter Rising. She along with Madeleine french-Mullen spent time in the hills around Dublin testing dynamite.[4]

When Skinnider was shown "the poorest part of Dublin" by Constance Markievicz, she wrote; "I do not believe there is a worse place in the world." The street was "a hollow full of sewage and refuse", and the building "as full of holes as if it had been under shellfire".[5]

Easter Rising[edit]

Operating variously as a scout, message runner (often dressed as a boy[6]) and sniper Skinnider took part in action against the British Army at the Garrison at the College of Surgeons and St. Stephen's Green under the Command of General Michael Mallin and Constance Markievicz. Skinnider was reportedly an excellent markswoman. She was seriously wounded when she was shot three times attempting to burn down houses on Harcourt Street to try to cut off the retreat of British soldiers who had planted a machine gun post on the roof of the University Church.[2]

Nora Connolly describes Skinnider's leading role in this action;

“When they were going out to attack the nest of snipers she was in charge of the squad. William Partridge, a very famous man in the working class movement, was there and he and other members of the squad accepted that she was in charge"

In her autobiography "Doing my bit for Ireland" (New York – Century, 1917) Skinnider herself vividly describes her role as a sniper at St. Stephen's Green in the Easter Rising:

“It was dark there, full of smoke and the din of firing, but it was good to be in action. I could look across the tops of the trees and see the British soldiers on the roof of the Shelbourne. I could also hear their shot hailing against the roof and wall of our fortress, for in truth this building was just that. More than once I saw the man I aimed at fall."

In terms of her role as a woman taking part in military action Skinnider comments:

"Commandant Mallin [...] finally agreed, though not at all willingly, for he did not want to let a woman run this sort of risk. My answer to this argument was that we had the same right to risk our lives as the men; that in the constitution of the Irish Republic, women were on an equality with men. For the first time in history, indeed, a constitution had been written that incorporated the principle of equal suffrage."

The current president of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, quoted Skinnider's stirring words in his 2006 address to the Sinn Féin Ard Feis.

Initially imprisoned and seriously injured,[10] Skinnider spent several weeks in hospital[1] before she contrived to escape whilst awaiting medical treatment and obtained a travel permit from Dublin Castle to enable her to return to her native Scotland.

Post-1916 activities[edit]

Skinnider returned to Dublin later that year before fleeing to America in fear of internment. Whilst in America, she collected funds for the republican cause and lectured with other women who had fought in the Easter Rising.[11] Skinnider also wrote and published her autobiography in New York – "Doing my Bit for Ireland". Skinnider later returned to Ireland and took up a teaching post in Dublin in 1917. During the War of Independence she was arrested and imprisoned. In the civil war she became Paymaster General of the Irish Republican Army until she was arrested in 1923 [1] (James Connolly's daughter Nora took over her role)[12] and held at North Dublin Union. There she became Director of Training for the prisoners.

Later life[edit]

After her release from prison, she worked as a teacher at Kings Inn Street Sisters of Charity Primary School in Dublin until her retirement in 1961. She was a member of the Irish National Teachers' Organisation (INTO) throughout her teaching career. She became its President in 1956. During her tenure she represented Ireland at the World Conference of the Organisation of the Teaching Professions in Manila, Philippines. She fought in particular for the rights of women – this agitation resulted in the introduction of common incremental salary sales for women and single men in 1949. She lived her last years in Glenageary, County Dublin. She died on 10 October 1971 and was buried in the Republican plot in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.

External links[edit]

Skinnider recalls her experiences in a 1955 RTÉ broadcast -http://www.rte.ie/laweb/smil/t06/t06_19660411_wthere_radio.smil

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.labour.ie/download/pdf/seven_women_of_the_labour_movement1916.pdf
  2. ^ a b c "News". An Phoblacht. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  3. ^ "RootsWeb: IRELAND-L [IRELAND] Women of Ireland Series: Margaret Skinnider". Archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com. 2002-07-14. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "An Phoblacht/Republican News". Republican-news.org. 1916-04-24. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  6. ^ http://etd.lib.fsu.edu/theses/available/etd-04182005-153415/unrestricted/FINALFORMATTEDTHESIS.pdf
  7. ^ Doing My Bit for Ireland" – Margaret Skinnider(New York – Century)1917
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ "Famous Irish Women ~ Margaret Skinnider". Web.archive.org. 2005-02-25. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  10. ^ "Political Theatre. - Indymedia Ireland". Indymedia.ie. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  11. ^ "3.1.9 Nationalism 1916-17". Scoilnet.ie. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  12. ^ "SEARC'S WEB GUIDE - Nora Connolly O'Brien (1893-1981)". Searcs-web.com. Retrieved 2014-02-03.