Margaret of Baux

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Margaret of Baux
Countess of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano
Coat of arms Blason Baux de Provence.svg
Spouse(s) Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano

Issue

Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
Jacquetta of Luxembourg
Thibaud of Luxembourg
Jacques of Luxembourg
Valeran of Luxembourg
Jean of Luxembourg
Catherine of Luxembourg
Isabelle of Luxembourg
Noble family House of Baux (by birth)
House of Luxembourg (by marriage)
Father Francis of Baux
Mother Sueva Orsini
Born 1394
Died 15 November 1469 (aged 74–75)

Margaret of Baux (French: Marguerite des Baux, Italian: Margherita del Balzo; 1394 – 15 November 1469) was a Countess of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano. She was a member of the noble House of Baux of the Kingdom of Naples, which had its origins in Provence dating back to the 11th century. Her husband was Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano (1390 – 31 August 1433). Margaret's descendants include English Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville, King Henry IV of France, Mary, Queen of Scots, and all English monarchs after 1509.

Family[edit]

Margaret was born in 1394, the daughter of Francis of Baux (1330 – 23 April 1422) by his third wife Sueva Orsini (1360 – c.1430),[1] a descendant of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England (daughter of King John of England).[2]

Her paternal grandparents were Bertrand III of Baux, Count of Andria and Squillace, and Marguerite d'Aulnay, and her maternal grandparents were Nicola Orsini, Count of Nola, Senator of Rome (27 August 1331 – 14 February 1399), and Jeanne de Sabran.

List of siblings[edit]

Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville; wife of King Edward IV of England. Woodville was a maternal granddaughter of Margaret of Baux.

Margaret had two brothers by her father's third marriage to her mother, Sueva Orsini:

  • William of Baux (Guglielmo del Balzo), Duke of Andria, married Maria Brunforte, by whom he had issue.
  • Bianchino of Baux (Bianchino del Balzo), was the father of Tesco del Balzo, Governor of Pisa, and chief of the Milanese army. He married Laura Rho, by whom he had issue.

She had two half-siblings from her father's second marriage to Margaret of Taranto:

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 8 May 1405, Margaret married Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano (1390 – 31 August 1433), the eldest son of John of Luxembourg, Lord of Beauvoir and Marguerite of Enghien, Countess of Brienne and of Conversano, Heiress of Enghien. Peter inherited his mother's fiefs, which included the counties of Brienne and Conversano. He succeeded his aunt Jeanne of Luxembourg, Countess of Saint-Pol and Ligny, as Count of Saint-Pol in 1430. His younger brother John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, an ally of the English during the Hundred Years War, received Joan of Arc as his prisoner, and subsequently sold her to the English, for 10,000 livres.

Peter and Margaret had nine children:[4]

Margaret died on 15 November 1469 at the age of 75 and was buried in Cercamp Abbey, Frévent, Pas-de-Calais.[5] Her husband Peter had died of plague in 1433.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cawley, Charles, Sicily/Naples, Nobility, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  ,[better source needed]
  2. ^ Douglas Richardson. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. pg 538.
  3. ^ a b Douglas Richardson. Plantagenet Ancestry: Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. pg 401.
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles, Champagne Nobility, Seigneurs de Ligny, de Roussy, et de La Roche, Comtes de Ligny, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  ,[better source needed]
  5. ^ Cawley, Charles, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  Missing or empty |title= (help),[better source needed][full citation needed]