Margaret of England

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This article is about the medieval queen of Scotland. For the saint, see Saint Margaret of England.
Margaret of England
Margaret Plantagenet, Queen of Scotland.JPG
Queen consort of Scots
Tenure 26 December 1251 – 26 February 1275
Spouse Alexander III of Scotland
m. 1251; dec. 1275
Issue
more...
Margaret, Queen of Norway
Alexander, Prince of Scotland
House House of Plantagenet
Father Henry III of England
Mother Eleanor of Provence
Born (1240-09-29)29 September 1240
Windsor Castle
Died 26 February 1275(1275-02-26) (aged 34)
Cupar Castle
Burial Dunfermline Abbey, Fife

Margaret of England (29 September 1240 – 26 February 1275) was Queen of Scots as the wife of King Alexander III.

Life[edit]

Margaret was the second child of King Henry III of England and his wife, Eleanor of Provence, and was born at Windsor Castle. Margaret’s first appearance in historical record comes when she was three years old.

She was married on 26 December 1251, when she was eleven years old, at York Minster, to King Alexander III of Scotland, who was ten years of age. The couple had three children:[1]

Margaret is said to have been unhappy in Scotland, and created some tensions between England and Scotland by writing to her family in England that she was poorly treated in Scotland.[2]

It was said that Margaret was responsible for the death of a young courtier, who reputedly had killed her uncle Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.[3] While walking along the River Tay, she became annoyed with the young man. She jokingly pushed him into the river, but he was swept to his death by a powerful current before anyone could help.[4]

Margaret died on 26 February 1275 at Cupar Castle, and was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Fife.

Family tree[edit]

Cited references[edit]

  1. ^ Ashley, Mike (1999). The mammoth book of British kings and queens. London: Robinson Publishers. p. 408. ISBN 1-84119-096-9. 
  2. ^ Anne Echols, Marty Williams: An annotated index of medieval women
  3. ^ Early Sources of Scottish History
  4. ^ Lanercost Chronicle

Written References[edit]

  • Ashley, Mike (2002). British Kings & Queens. Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1104-3.  pgs 485 & 492
  • Tibballs, Geoff (2005). Royalty's Strangest Characters: Extraordinary But True Tales from 2,000 Years of Mad Monarchs and Raving Rulers. Chrysalis Books. 
Margaret of England
Born: 29 September 1240 Died: 26 February 1275
Royal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie de Coucy
Queen consort of Scotland
1251–1275
Vacant
Title next held by
Yolande de Dreux