Margaret of Huntingdon, Duchess of Brittany

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Margaret of Huntingdon
Tenure Princess of Scotland (1145–1201)
Duchess consort of Brittany and Countess consort of Richmond (1160–1166)
Countess of Hereford (1171–1201)
Spouse Conan IV, Duke of Brittany
Humphrey III de Bohun, Constable of England
Sir William fitz Patrick de Hertburn
Issue Constance, Duchess of Brittany
Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford
House Dunkeld
Father Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumbria
Mother Ada de Warenne
Born 1145
Died 1201

Margaret of Huntingdon (1145–1201) was a Scottish noblewoman. Two of her brothers, Malcolm IV and William I were Scottish kings. She was the wife of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany and the mother of Constance, Duchess of Brittany.[1] Her second husband was Humphrey de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England. Following her second marriage, Margaret styled herself as the Countess of Hereford.

Family[edit]

Margaret was born in 1145, the second eldest daughter[2] of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumbria, and Ada de Warenne. She had an older sister Ada, and two younger sisters, Marjorie and Matilda. Two of her brothers, Malcolm and William became kings of Scotland, and she had another brother, David, Earl of Huntingdon, who married Maud of Chester. Her paternal grandparents were King David I of Scotland and Maud, Countess of Huntingdon, and her maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois.

In 1152, when she was seven years of age, her father died.

Marriages and issue[edit]

In 1160, Margaret married her first husband, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond. Upon her marriage, she was styled as the Duchess of Brittany and Countess of Richmond. Margaret's origins and first marriage were deduced by Benedict of Peterborugh who recorded filia sororis regis Scotiae Willelmi comitissa Brittanniae gave birth in 1186 to filium Arturum. Together Conan and Margaret had at least three children, of whom one only survived[3] [a]:

Margaret's husband died in February 1171, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-six. Shortly before Easter 1171, she married her second husband, Humphrey de Bohun, Hereditary Constable of England (c. 1155–c. 1181). He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Hereford. Hereafter, she styled herself Countess of Hereford. The marriage produced a son and a daughter:

Margaret's second husband died in late 1181 and she then married the English nobleman Sir William FitzPatrick Hertburn who acquired the lands of Washington in Durham in 1183.[4] This marriage also produced one son:

  • Sir William de Wessington (c. 1183–c. 1239), he married Alice de Lexington by whom he had issue

Margaret died in 1201 and was buried in Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire. Her third and final husband had died around 1194

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Margaret of Huntingdon made a donation for the souls of "herself, Duke Conan IV, and 'our boys', or 'our children' (pro salute anime... puerorum... nostrorum). This would seem to be a reference to at least one son of the marriage who did not survive infancy, leaving Constance as heiress in 1166." (Everard and Jones, The Charters of Duchess Constance and Her Family (1171-1221), p 94).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Brittany
  2. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Scotland, Kings
  3. ^ Judith Everard and Michael Jones, The Charters of Duchess Constance and Her Family (1171-1221), pp 93-94
  4. ^ Cawley, Medieval Lands, Scotland
  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Scotland, Kings
  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Brittany
Preceded by
Maud FitzRoy
Duchess consort of Brittany
1160–1166
Succeeded by
Blanche of Navarre