Margery Wentworth

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( Not to be confused with the American poet Marjory Wentworth. )

Margery Wentworth
Born c. 1478
Died October 18, 1550(1550-10-18) (aged 72)
Residence Wulfhall, Wiltshire
Nationality English
Occupation Wife of Sir John Seymour
Title Lady Seymour
Spouse(s) Sir John Seymour
Children John Seymour
Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset
Sir Henry Seymour
Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley
John Seymour
Anthony Seymour
Jane Seymour
Elizabeth Seymour, Lady Cromwell
Margery Seymour
Dorothy Seymour
Parents Sir Henry Wentworth
Anne Say

Margery Wentworth, also known as Margaret Wentworth (c. 1478[1] – 18 October 1550[2]) was the wife of Sir John Seymour and the mother of Queen Jane Seymour, the third wife of Henry VIII of England. She was the grandmother of King Edward VI of England.

Family[edit]

Margery was born in about 1478, the daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth and Anne Say, daughter of Sir John Say and Elizabeth Cheney.[1][3]

Margery's first cousins, courtiers Elizabeth and Edmund Howard, were parents to an earlier and later royal wife than her daughter: Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, respectively.[4][5]

Elizabeth Cheney's first husband was Frederick Tylney, father of Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey.[3] This made Anne Say although not of peerage-level nobility herself, the half-sister of a countess.[6] Wentworth was also a descendant of King Edward III, this remote royal ancestry is partly why Henry VIII found Jane Seymour (her daughter) marriageable.[7]

Margery's father, Henry Wentworth, rose to be a critical component of Yorkshire and Suffolk politics: in 1489, during the Yorkshire uprising against Henry VII who had championed unity and married the female main claimant heir of increasingly irrelevant, dying dynasty, he left his home and was named the steward of Knaresborough, earning him the privilege to keep the peace in the name of the first Earl of Surrey. After this, he was awarded the title of the Sheriff of Yorkshire.[6]

Surname[edit]

The name Seymour comes from the Old English word "sae," which translates into sea, and "mere," meaning lake or pond. In the Anglo-Saxon community, "Seymour" originated in the Yorkshire, Norfolk, and Suffolk regions.[citation needed]

The Seymours were descendants of a companion of William the Conqueror, who took his name from St. Maur-sur-Loire in Touraine, and who was an ancestor of William de St. Maur.[1]

Early life[edit]

She was given a place in the household of her aunt, the Countess of Surrey, where she met the poet John Skelton, whose muse she became.[3] She was considered a great beauty by Skelton and others. In poetry dedicated to her he praised her demeanor. Skelton's poem, Garland of Laurel, in which ten women in addition to the Countess weave a crown of laurel for Skelton himself, portrays Margery as a shy, kind girl, and compares her to primrose and columbine. The other nine women from the poem are: Elizabeth Howard, Muriel Howard, Lady Anne Dacre of the South, Margaret Tynley, Jane Blenner-Haiset, Isabel Pennell, Margaret Hussey, Gertrude Statham, and Isabel Knyght.[6]

Marriage and children[edit]

On October 22, 1494, Margery married Sir John Seymour (1476 – 21 December 1536)[8] of Wulfhall, Savernake Forest, Wiltshire.[9] On the same day, her father Henry remarried Lady Elizabeth Scrope.[6]

Margery and her husband had nine children together:[9][10]


It is presumed that Margery and John had a good relationship in their marriage.[9] After her husband's death, instead of remarrying, she took a larger role in her children's education while running Wulfhall. Notably, her eldest daughter, Jane, was not schooled in a formal setting; Margery instead had her disciplined in more traditional roles that she deemed suitable.[27]

Her son Edward, a soldier and royal servant, would become the Duke of Somerset and Lord Protector. He was the eldest surviving child of the Seymour's.[11]

Death[edit]

She died of natural causes on 18 October 1550,[2][28] in the presence of her family.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pollard 1897, pp. 299–310.
  2. ^ a b Seymour 1972, p. 340.
  3. ^ a b c Norton 2009, p. 9.
  4. ^ Norton 2009, p. 8–9.
  5. ^ Hart 2010, p. 142.
  6. ^ a b c d Tucker 1969, pp. 333–345.
  7. ^ Norton 2009, p. 8.
  8. ^ Aubrey 1862, p. 375–376:"This Knight departed this Lyfe at LX years of age, the XXI day of December, Anno 1536 ..."
  9. ^ a b c d Norton 2009, p. 11.
  10. ^ Seymour 1972, p. 26.
  11. ^ a b Beer 2009.
  12. ^ Pole 2008, p. 481.
  13. ^ Hawkyard 1982b.
  14. ^ Hawkyard 1982c.
  15. ^ Seymour 1972, p. 65.
  16. ^ a b c Burke III 1836, p. 201.
  17. ^ a b Norton 2009, p. 13.
  18. ^ a b Seymour 1972, p. 35.
  19. ^ Wagner & Schmid 2012, p. 1000.
  20. ^ a b Strong 1967, pp. 278–281: "The portrait should by rights depict a lady of the Cromwell family aged 21 c.1535–40..."
  21. ^ College of Arms 2012, p. 63.
  22. ^ Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry III 2011, p. 111–112.
  23. ^ Aubrey 1862, p. 377.
  24. ^ Machyn 1848, p. 24, 326.
  25. ^ Shingle Hall is also listed as Shingey, Shingley and Shinglehall in various sources.
  26. ^ Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry III 2011, p. 82.
  27. ^ Norton 2009, p. 12–13.
  28. ^ Acts of the Privy Council III: 1550–1552, p. 142.

References[edit]

External links[edit]