Marginella

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Marginella
MargRosea.jpg
A live individual of Marginella rosea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Subkingdom: Eumetazoa
Superphylum: Protostomia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Marginellidae
Genus: Marginella
Lamarck, 1799
Species

See text

Synonyms[1]
  • Cucumis Deshayes, 1830
  • Marginella (Marginella) Lamarck, 1799
  • Marginellana H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
  • Marginellarius Duméril, 1806
  • Marginellus Montfort, 1810
  • Marginilla Swainson, 1831
  • Porcellana Gray, 1847
  • Pseudomarginella Maltzan, 1880

Marginella is a genus of small tropical and temperate sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Marginellidae, the margin snails. It is the type genus of the family.[1]

The shells of species in this genus are rounded, smooth and glossy, with a large aperture that appears to be toothed because it shows the edge of the columellar folds. In many species the shells are colorful. The glossy surface of the shell results from the fact that the mantle covers most of the shell when the animal is active. As is typical in the Neogastropoda, the animal has a long siphon. When the animal is active, the foot extends much further out than the edge of the shell.

A margin snail with its mantle partly covering the shell

As is also typical for the Neogastropoda, species in this genus are carnivorous and predatory.

Etymology[edit]

Marginella means "little margin".

Shell description[edit]

The shells of the species in this genus have spires which range from moderately elevated to flattened. The surface of the shell is glossy and porcellaneous, and it is often but not always colourful. The columella has four definite, subequal plaits on its anterior half. The outer lip is thickened, and generally denticulate inside, with distinct teeth or folds.[2] The siphonal canal is not deeply incised.

There is no operculum.

Description of the soft parts[edit]

In the living animal, the mantle only partly extends over the shell when the animal is moving.

The head is bifurcated, with slender tentacles and eyes in small bulges lateral to the base of tentacles. The siphon is large and protrudes over the head. The foot is large and flat, and when it is extended is slightly longer than the shell.

Ecology[edit]

Distribution[edit]

This genus is found in tropical and temperate seas worldwide.

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Marginella include:

Western Atlantic species[edit]

Western Africa species[edit]

Southern Africa species[edit]

Eastern Africa species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marginella Lamarck, 1799. 6 December 2010. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species.
  2. ^ Powell A W B, New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  3. ^ Marginella adamkusi Bozzetti, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  4. ^ Marginella aequinoctialis Boyer & Simbille, 2004.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  5. ^ Marginella amazona Bavay, 1912.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  6. ^ Marginella amydrozona Melvill.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  7. ^ Marginella anapaulae Massier, 2004.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  8. ^ Marginella angustata Sowerby, 1846.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  9. ^ Marginella anna Jousseaume, 1881.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  10. ^ Marginella aronnax Bouchet & Warén, 1985.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  11. ^ Marginella aurantia Lamarck, 1822.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  12. ^ Marginella bairstowi G. B. Sowerby III, 1886.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  13. ^ Marginella bavayi Dautzenberg, 1910.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  14. ^ Marginella belcheri Hinds, 1844.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  15. ^ Marginella bicatenata G. B. Sowerby III, 1914.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  16. ^ Marginella broderickae Hayes, 2001.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  17. ^ Marginella burnupi Sowerby, 1897.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  18. ^ Marginella carquejai Gofas & Fernandes, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  19. ^ Marginella caterinae Bozzetti, 1991.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  20. ^ Marginella celestae Massier & Rosado, 2008.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  21. ^ Marginella chalmersi Tomlin & Shackleford, 1912.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  22. ^ Marginella cherubini Bavay, 1922.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  23. ^ Marginella claudoni Bavay, date unknown.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  24. ^ Marginella cleryi Petit De La Saussaye, 1836.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  25. ^ Marginella cloveri Rios & Matthews, 1972.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  26. ^ Marginella colomborum (Bozzetti, 1995).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  27. ^ Marginella cosmia Bartsch, 1915.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  28. ^ Marginella croukampi Hayes, 1996.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  29. ^ Marginella decaryi Bavay, 1920.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  30. ^ Marginella delphinica Bavay, 1920.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  31. ^ Marginella desjardini Marche-Marchad, 1957.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  32. ^ Marginella diadochus A. Adams & Reeve, 1848.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  33. ^ Marginella emmae Bozzetti, 1998.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  34. ^ Marginella epipolia Tomlin 1921.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  35. ^ Marginella eucosmia Bartsch, 1915.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  36. ^ Marginella eveleighi Tom & Schackelford, 1913.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  37. ^ Marginella extra (Jousseaume, 1894).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  38. ^ Marginella felixi Massier, 2004.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  39. ^ Marginella festiva Kiener, 1841.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  40. ^ Marginella fishhoenkensis Massier, 2004.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  41. ^ Marginella floccata G. B. Sowerby III, 1889.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  42. ^ Marginella gabrielae Bozzetti, 1998.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  43. ^ Marginella gemma A. Adams, 1850.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  44. ^ Marginella gemmula Bavay in Dautzenberg, 1913.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  45. ^ Marginella genessi H. Fisher, 1901.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  46. ^ Marginella geraldi Lussi, 2006.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  47. ^ Marginella gilva Goud & Neefs, 1996.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  48. ^ Marginella glabella (Linnaeus, 1758).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  49. ^ Marginella gloriosa Jousseaume, 1884.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  50. ^ Marginella goodalli G.B. Sowerby, 1825.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  51. ^ Marginella granum Philippi, 1849.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  52. ^ Marginella hayesi Bozzetti, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  53. ^ Marginella helmatina Rang, 1832.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  54. ^ Marginella henrikasi Bozzetti, 1995.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  55. ^ Marginella himburgae Massier & Zettler, 2009.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  56. ^ Marginella huberti Clover, 1972.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  57. ^ Marginella hybrida Cossignani, 2006.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  58. ^ Marginella immelmani Hart M., 2001.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  59. ^ Marginella impudica P. Fischer, 1883.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  60. ^ Marginella irrorata Menke, 1828.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  61. ^ Marginella joanae Bozzetti, 2001.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  62. ^ Marginella joanmassierae Bozzetti, 1992.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  63. ^ Marginella joostei Liltved & Millard, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  64. ^ Marginella lamarcki Boyer, 2004.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  65. ^ Marginella lantzi Jousseaume, 1875.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  66. ^ Marginella lateritia Melvill & Sykes,1903.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  67. ^ Marginella lemaitrei Liltved & Millard, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  68. ^ Marginella limbata Lamarck, 1822.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  69. ^ Marginella lineatolabrum Gaskoin, 1840.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  70. ^ Marginella lineofasciata Bozzetti, 1992.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  71. ^ Marginella lineolata G. B. Sowerby III, 1886.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  72. ^ Marginella liparozona Tomlin & Shackleford, 1913.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  73. ^ Marginella luculenta Gofas & Fernandes, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  74. ^ Marginella lussii Hayes & Millard, 1995.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  75. ^ Marginella lutea G. B. Sowerby III, 1889.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  76. ^ Marginella marianae Bozzetti, 1999.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  77. ^ Marginella marimba Gofas & Fernandes, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  78. ^ Marginella marocana Locard, 1897.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  79. ^ Marginella matthewsi Van Mol & Tursch, 1967.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  80. ^ Marginella mauretanica Boyer & Neefs, 1999.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  81. ^ Marginella melvilli Tomlin & Shackleford, 1913.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  82. ^ Marginella millardi Lussi, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  83. ^ Marginella minuscula (Turton, 1932).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  84. ^ Marginella monicae Bozzetti, 1997.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  85. ^ Marginella mosaica G.B. Sowerby, 1846.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  86. ^ Marginella munda E.A. Smith, 1904.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  87. ^ Marginella musica Hinds, 1844.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  88. ^ Marginella natalcinerea Massier, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  89. ^ Marginella nebulosa (Bolten in Röding, 1798).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  90. ^ Marginella nevillana Kilburn, 1977.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  91. ^ Marginella ornata Redfield, 1870.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  92. ^ Marginella orstomi Coomans, 1975.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  93. ^ Marginella pachista Tomlin 1913.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  94. ^ Marginella peelae Bozzetti, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  95. ^ Marginella persicula Linnaeus.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  96. ^ Marginella petitii Duval, 1841.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  97. ^ Marginella picturata G. Nevill & H. Nevill, 1874.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  98. ^ Marginella piperata Hinds, 1844.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  99. ^ Marginella poppei Boyer & Neefs, 1999.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  100. ^ Marginella pseudornata Bozzetti, 1992.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  101. ^ Marginella pseudosebastiani Mattavelli, 2001.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  102. ^ Marginella pulchella Kiener, 1834.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  103. ^ Marginella pumila Redfield, 1870.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  104. ^ Marginella punctilineata E.A. Smith, 1899.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  105. ^ Marginella purpurea Cossignani, 2006.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  106. ^ Marginella reeveana (Petit, 1851).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  107. ^ Marginella rosea Lamarck, 1822.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  108. ^ Marginella roseafasciata Massier, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  109. ^ Marginella roseolineata Turton, 1932.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  110. ^ Marginella sandwicensis Pease, 1860.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  111. ^ Marginella savignyi .  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  112. ^ Marginella scalariformis Duclos, date unknown.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  113. ^ Marginella sebastiani Marche-Marchad & Rosso, 1979.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  114. ^ Marginella senegalensis Clover, 1990.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  115. ^ Marginella sergioi Bozzetti, 1997.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  116. ^ Marginella signali Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  117. ^ Marginella simulata Gofas & Fernandes, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  118. ^ Marginella spinacia Gofas & Fernandes, 1988.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  119. ^ Marginella spiralineata B.Hayes, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  120. ^ Marginella stuarti Kilburn, 1977.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  121. ^ Marginella subturrita P. Fischer, 1883.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  122. ^ Marginella suezensis .  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  123. ^ Marginella susanae Veldsman & Jooste, 2009.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  124. ^ Marginella tuguriana Lussi, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  125. ^ Marginella undulans Gofas & Fernandes, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  126. ^ Marginella verdascai Hayes & Rosado, 2007.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  127. ^ Marginella verrilli Morrison, 1967.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  128. ^ Marginella vexillum Redfield, 1852.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  129. ^ Marginella virgula Jousseaume, 1922.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  130. ^ Marginella werneri Bozzetti, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  131. ^ Marginella westhuizeni Massier, 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  132. ^ Marginella xhosa Liltved & Millard, 1994.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 May 2010.
  • Cossignani T. (2006). Marginellidae & Cystiscidae of the World. L'Informatore Piceno. 408pp

External links[edit]