Margrave Andrew of Burgau
|Margrave Andrew of Burgau|
Cardinal Andrew of Austria
|Noble family||House of Habsburg|
|Father||Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria|
15 June 1558|
Březnice Castle in Březnice, Bohemia
|Died||12 November 1600
|Buried||Santa Maria dell'Anima in Rome|
Margrave Andrew of Burgau, also known as Andrew of Austria (German: Andreas von Österreich) (15 June 1558 at Březnice Castle in Březnice, Bohemia – 12 November 1600 in Rome) was a member of the Austrian royal family. He was member of the House of Habsburg and a Cardinal. He was Bishop of Constance and Brixen and from 1587 until his death, he was abbot of Murbach Abbey. He also briefly served as Governor General of the Habsburg Netherlands. He was the eldest son of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria and his first wife, Philippine Welser, a member of the patrician Welser banking family.
Andrew and his younger brother Charles grew up at Bresnitz Castle in Březnice, Bohemia, and later at Ambras Castle in Innsbruck, Tyrol. The marriage of their parents was considered morganatic. This meant that the brothers could not use their father's title of Archduke of Austria; they were only Margraves of Burgau.
His father decided that Andrew should have a career in the clergy, even though Andrew was not particularly interested in religious affairs. In March 1574, Andrew travelled to Rome, where Pope Gregory XIII made him a cardinal, with Santa Maria Nuova as his titular church. Andrew was only 17 years old, and he was well aware that his father had arranged this position.
Andrew was abbot of Murbach Abbey from 1587 until his death. From 1589, he was also Bishop of Constance and from 1589 also Bishop of Brixen. In 1598 and 1599, he briefly replaced Archduke Albert VII as Governor General of the Habsburg Netherlands, while Albert travelled to Spain to marry Isabella Clara Eugenia.
In 1600, he traveled to Rome to celebrate the Jubilee. After the celebrations, he visited Naples. On his return journey, he fell ill. He died after receiving the last rites from the Pope himself. He was buried in the Santa Maria dell'Anima in Rome.
Andrew had two illegitimate children, Hans-Georg Degli Abizzi (b. 1583) and Susanna Degli Abizzi (1584-1653). They were raised by his brother Charles.
- Sigrid-Maria Größing, Leidenschaftliches Habsburg, Verlag A&M
- Heinrich Benedikt (1957), "Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblo) 3: 43–44", , (full text online)
- Margot Rauch: Karl von Burgau und Kardinal Andreas von Österreich, in: Philippine Welser & Anna Caterina Gonzaga: Die Gemahlinnen Erzherzog Ferdinands II., catalogue for an exhibition, Innsbruck, 1998
- Margot Rauch: Kardinal Andreas von Österreich, in: Ambras — Das Schloss der Philippine Welser, permanent presentation, Innsbruck, 2007
- Eduard Widmoser: Kardinal Andreas von Österreich, Markgraf von Burgau (1558-1600), in: Lebensbilder aus dem Bayerischen Schwaben, vol. 4, Munich, 1955, p. 249-259.
- Constantin von Wurzbach: , in: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andrew of Austria.|
- Österreich, Andreas von in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
Margrave Andrew of BurgauBorn: 15 June 1558 Died: 12 November 1600
Mark Sittich von Hohenems Altemps
|Bishop of Constance
John George of Hallwyl
John Thomas of Spauer
|Bishop of Brixen
Christopher Andrew of Spauer