Margravial Opera House

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Margravial Opera House Bayreuth
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Markgräfliches Opernhaus - Bayreuth - 2013.jpg
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iv
Reference 1379
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2012 (36th Session)

The Margravial Opera House (German: Markgräfliches Opernhaus) or Margrave's Opera House is a Baroque opera house in the town of Bayreuth, Germany, built between 1744 and 1748 by Joseph Saint-Pierre (de). It is one of Europe's few surviving theatres of the period and has been extensively restored. The interior was designed by Giuseppe Galli Bibiena and his son Carlo of Bologna in the late Baroque style. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (the older sister of Frederick the Great), wife of the Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, participated here as writer, player, composer, actor and director. Today she features in a sound-and-light presentation for tourists.

The stage's great depth (27 metres)[1] attracted Richard Wagner, who later had his Bayreuth Festspielhaus built north of the town.

Each September from the year 2000 to 2009, the theatre hosted the Bayreuther Baroque festival, with performances of early operatic rarities. The 2009 festival included performances of Andrea Bernasconi's festa teatrale, L'Huomo, to a libretto by the Margravine Wilhelmine.

On 30 June 2012 the opera house was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List.[2]

The theatre is closed since August of 2012 for extensive refurbishment and redevelopment, a process which is expected to take several years to complete.


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Coordinates: 49°56′40″N 11°34′42″E / 49.944371°N 11.578302°E / 49.944371; 11.578302