Marguerite Clark

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Marguerite Clark
ClarkMarguerite1916.jpg
Born Helen Marguerite Clark
(1883-02-22)February 22, 1883
Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
Died September 25, 1940(1940-09-25) (aged 57)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
Pneumonia
Resting place
Metairie Cemetery
Nationality American
Education Ursuline Academy
Occupation Actress
Years active 1900–1921
Spouse(s) Harry Palmerston Williams (m. 1918–34)

Marguerite Clark (February 22, 1883 – September 25, 1940) was an American stage and silent film actress.

Early life and theater[edit]

Helen Marguerite Clark was born in Avondale, Cincinnati, Ohio, the third child of Augustus "Gus" James and Helen Elizabeth Clark. She had an older sister, Cora, and an older brother named Clifton. Clark's mother Helen died on January 21, 1893. Her father worked in his self-owned successful haberdashery located in downtown Cincinnati before his death on December 29, 1896. Following the death, Clark's sister Cora was appointed her legal guardian and removed her from public school to further her education at Ursuline Academy.[1]

She finished school at age 16, decided to pursue a career in the theatre and soon made her Broadway debut in 1900. The 17-year-old performed at various venues. In 1903 she was seen on Broadway opposite that hulking comedian DeWolf Hopper in Mr. Pickwick. The 6-foot-6-inch (1.98 m) Hopper dwarfed the nearly 5-foot-tall (1.5 m) Clark in their scenes together. Several adventure-fantasy roles followed. In 1909 Clark starred in the whimsical costume play The Beauty Spot, establishing the fantasy stories for which she would soon become her hallmark.[2] In 1910 Clark appeared in The Wishing Ring, a play directed by Cecil DeMille and later made into a motion picture by Maurice Tourneur. That same 1910 season had Clark appearing in Baby Mine, a popular play produced by William A. Brady. In 1912 Clark performed in a lead role with John Barrymore, Doris Keane and Gail Kane in the play The Affairs of Anatol later made into a motion picture by Clark's future movie studio Famous Players-Lasky and directed by Cecil DeMille. Clark's popularity led to her signing a contract in 1914 to make motion pictures with Famous Players-Lasky. Clark had a lead role in a film that defined Clark's persona; the influential film version of Snow White (1916).

Film career[edit]

Wildflower (1914)
Silks and Satins (1916)

At age 31, it was relatively late in life for a film actress to begin a career with starring roles, but the diminutive Clark had a little-girl look, like Mary Pickford, that belied her years. Also, film was not developed or mature enough to showcase Clark at her youthful best at the turn of the century. These were one of the reasons established Broadway stars refused early film offers. Feature films were unheard of when Clark was in her early 20s. She made her first appearance on screen in the short film Wildflower, directed by Allan Dwan.[3]

In 1915 Clark starred as "Gretchen", in a feature-length production of The Goose Girl based on a 1909 best-selling novel by Harold MacGrath. She performed in the feature-length production The Seven Sisters (1915), directed by Sidney Olcott, and she reprised a Broadway role, starring in the first feature-length film version of Snow White (1916).

Clark was directed in this by J. Searle Dawley, as well as in a number of films, notably when she played the characters of both "Little Eva St. Clair" and "Topsy" in the feature Uncle Tom's Cabin (1918).[3]

Advertisement (1919)

Clark starred in Come Out of the Kitchen (1919), which was filmed in Pass Christian, Mississippi, at Ossian Hall. The same year, she enrolled as a yeowoman in the naval reserves. Clark made all but one of her 40 films with Famous Players-Lasky, her last with them in 1920 titled Easy to Get, in which she starred opposite silent film actor Harrison Ford. Her next film, in 1921, was made by her own production company for First National Pictures distribution. As one of the most popular actresses going into the 1920s, and one of the industry's best paid, her name alone was enough to ensure reasonable box office success. As such, Scrambled Wives was made under her direction, following which she retired at age 38 to be with her husband at their country estate in New Orleans.[3]

Clark and Williams' former mansion on St. Charles Avenue in Uptown New Orleans now houses the Latter branch of the New Orleans Public Library

Personal life[edit]

On August 15, 1918, Clark married New Orleans, Louisiana plantation owner and millionaire businessman Harry Palmerston Williams,[4] a marriage that ended with the death of Williams' on May 19, 1936 in an airplane crash.[5] After his death, Clark was the owner of the Wedell-Williams Air Service Corporation, which had built and flown air racers, along with other aviation enterprises until sold in 1937.

Death[edit]

After the death of her husband, Clark moved to New York City where she lived with her sister Cora. On September 20, 1940, she entered LeRoy Sanitarium where she died five days later of pneumonia.[6] A private funeral was held at the Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel on September 28.[7] She was cremated and buried with her husband in Metairie Cemetery in New Orleans.[8]

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Marguerite Clark has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6304 Hollywood Boulevard.[9]

Broadway credits[edit]

Date Production Role
September 24 – November 10, 1900 The Belle of Bohemia Rosie Mulberry
October 7 – November 30, 1901 The New Yorkers Mary Lamb
May 5 – August 30, 1902 The Wild Rose Lieutenant Gaston Gardennes
January 19 – May 1903 Mr. Pickwick Polly
June 22 – July 18, 1903 George W. Lederer's Mid-Summer Night Fancies Dorothy
October 2, 1905 – June 2, 1906 Happyland Sylvia
December 3, 1908 – January 16, 1909 The Pied Piper Elviria
April 10 – August 7, 1909 The Beauty Spot Performer
January 10 – January 22, 1910 The King of Cadonia Princess Marie
January 20, 1910 – Closing date unknown The Wishing Ring
May 10 – June 1910 Jim the Penman
August 23, 1910 – Closing date unknown Baby Mine Zoie Hardy
October 14 – December 1912 The Affairs of Anatol Hilda
November 7, 1912 – Closing date unknown Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Snow White
May 1 – May 1913 Are You a Crook? Amy Herrick
October 27, 1913 – Closing date unknown Prunella Prunella

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1914 Wildflower Letty Roberts Lost film
1914 The Crucible Jean Lost film
1915 The Goose Girl Anita Alvarez Lost film
1915 Gretna Green Dolly Erskine Lost film
1915 The Pretty Sister of Jose Pepita Lost film
1915 The Seven Sisters Mici Lost film
1915 Helene of the North Helene Dearing Lost film
1915 Still Waters Nesta Lost film
1915 The Prince & the Pauper Prince Edward/Tom Canty Lost film
1916 Mice and Men Peggy Lost film
1916 Out of the Drifts Elise Lost film
1916 Molly Make-Believe Molly Lost film
1916 Silks and Satins Felicite extant film
1916 Little Lady Eileen Eileen Kavanaugh Lost film
1916 Miss George Washington Bernice Somers Lost film
1916 Snow White Snow White extant film
1917 The Fortunes of Fifi Fifi Lost film
1917 The Valentine Girl Marion Morgan Lost film
1917 The Amazons Lord Tommy Lost film
1917 Bab's Diary Bab Archibald Lost film
1917 Bab's Burglar Bab Archibald Lost film
1917 Bab's Matinee Idol Bab Archibald Lost film
1917 The Seven Swans Princess Tweedledee Lost film
1918 Rich Man, Poor Man Betty Wynne Lost film
1918 Prunella Prunella incomplete film
1918 Uncle Tom's Cabin Little Eva St. Clair/Topsy Lost film
1918 Out of a Clear Sky Countess Celeste de Bersek et Krymm Lost film
1918 The Biggest and the Littlest Lady in the World The Little Lady Lost film; a short about war bonds
1918 Little Miss Hoover Ann Craddock extant film
1919 Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch Lovey Mary extant film
1919 Three Men and a Girl Sylvia Weston Lost film
1919 Let's Elope Eloise Farrington Lost film
1919 Come Out of the Kitchen Claudia Daingerfield Lost film
1919 Girls Pamela Gordon Lost film
1919 Widow by Proxy Gloria Grey Lost film
1919 Luck in Pawn Annabel Lee extant film
1919 A Girl Named Mary Mary Healey Lost film
1920 All of a Sudden Peggy Peggy O'Hara Lost film
1920 Easy to Get Molly Morehouse Lost film
1921 Scrambled Wives Miss Mary Lucille Smith Lost film

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nunn, Curtis (1981). Marguerite Clark, America's Darling of Broadway and the Silent Screen. TCU Press. pp. 3–4. 
  2. ^ Blum 1988, p. 109.
  3. ^ a b c Ballard. Mike. "Marguerite Clark, Film Fantasy Queen." greatlivesinhistory, February 22, 2010. Retrieved: January 9, 2012.
  4. ^ "Noted Actress Taken By Death". The Spokesman-Review. September 26, 1940. p. 3. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Marguerite Clark, Ex-Actress, Dies". The New York Times. September 26, 1940. p. 21. 
  6. ^ "Marguerite Clar, Ex-Actress, Dies". The Milwaukee Journal. September 25, 1940. p. 10. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Marguerite Clark Honored At Funeral; Associates Pay Tribute to the Former Actress at Rites Here". The New York Times. September 29, 1940. 
  8. ^ "Star of Silent Films Given Simple Funeral". The Palm Beach Post. September 29, 1940. p. 12. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Hollywood Star Walk: Marguerite Clark". Retrieved May 19, 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Blum, Daniel. Pictorial History of the American Theater. New York: Random House Value Publishing, First edition 1950. ISBN 0-517-53022-8.
  • Nunn, Curtis. Marguerite Clark: America's Darling of Broadway and the Silent Screen. Fort Worth, Texas: The Texas Christian University Press, 1981. ISBN 0-912646-69-1.

External links[edit]