Marguerite Perey

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Marguerite Perey
Marguerite Perey.jpg
Born (1909-10-19)19 October 1909
Villemomble near Paris, France
Died 13 May 1975(1975-05-13) (aged 65)
Louveciennes, France
Fields Physics
Doctoral advisor Pierre Curie
Known for Francium discovery
Notable awards Leconte Prize (1960)

Marguerite Catherine Perey (19 October 1909 – 13 May 1975) was a French physicist. In 1939, Perey discovered the element francium by purifying samples of lanthanum that contained actinium. She was a student of Marie Curie. In 1962, she was the first woman to be elected to the French Académie des Sciences, an honor denied to her mentor Curie. Perey died of cancer in 1975.[1]

Publications[edit]

  • "Sur un élément 87, dérivé de l'actinium," Comptes-rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, 208: 97 (1939).
  • "Francium: élément 87," Bulletin de la Société chimique de France, 18: 779 (1951).
  • "On the Descendants of Actinium K: 87Ac223," Journal de Physique et le Radium, 17: 545 (1956).

Positions[edit]

  • 1929-34 Personal assistant (preparateur) to Marie Curie, Institut du Radium.
  • 1934-46 Radiochemist, Institut du Radium.
  • 1946-49 Maitre de Recherches, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut du Radium.
  • 1949- Professeur titulaire de la Chaire de Chimie Nucleaire, Universite de Strasbourg.
  • 1950-63 Member of the Atomic Weights Commission

Education[edit]

  • Diplôme d'État de chimiste, École d'enseignement technique féminine, 1929.
  • Doctorat des Sciences, Sorbonne 1946.

Honors[edit]

  • Officier of the Légion d'Honneur 1960
  • Grand Prix de la Ville de Paris 1960
  • Elected correspondante of the Académie des Sciences (Paris) 1962. First woman to be elected to the Académie since its founding in 1666.
  • Lavoisier Prize of the Académie des Sciences 1964
  • Silver Medal of the Société Chimique de France 1964
  • Commandeur of the Ordre National du Mérite 1974

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Francium" at Chemistryexplained.com

Further reading[edit]