In mathematics, the Margulis lemma (named after Grigory Margulis) is a result about discrete subgroups of isometries of a symmetric space (e.g. the hyperbolic n-space), or more generally a space of non-positive curvature.
Theorem: Let S be a Riemannian symmetric space of non-compact type. There is a positive constant
with the following property. Let F be subset of isometries of S. Suppose there is a point x in S such that
for all f in F. Assume further that the subgroup generated by F is discrete in Isom(S). Then is virtually nilpotent. More precisely, there exists a subgroup in which is nilpotent of nilpotency class at most r and of index at most N in , where r and N are constants depending on S only.
The constant is often referred as the Margulis constant.
- Werner Ballman, Mikhael Gromov, Victor Schroeder, Manifolds of Non-positive Curvature, Birkhauser, Boston (1985) p. 107