MEES, PhD, PhD
|Born||9 October 1958
|Alma mater||University of Tromsø, College of Europe, University of Oslo|
|Employer||University of Oslo, Work Research Institute, National Institute of Technology, Regional Development Fund|
Margunn Bjørnholt (born 9 October 1958 in Bø, Telemark) is a Norwegian sociologist and economist. Her research focuses particularly on organisational and spatial flexibility in the public sector, management, gender equality, work–family arrangements, and men and masculinities. In particular, she is an expert on men's role in social change in regard to work–family arrangements. Her current research focuses on mobility, labour migration and family practices in Europe. She is also President of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights and the Norwegian Women's Lobby.
Background and career
She holds a cand.mag. degree in regional planning from the University of Tromsø (1981), an MA in international economics (European economic studies) from the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium (Promotion Johan Willem Beyen 1981–1982) and a mag.art. (PhD equivalent) degree in economic sociology from the University of Oslo (1995), with a dissertation on microfinance, ethical and interest-free banking (Pengene mot strømmen) and a fellowship at the Project for an Alternative Future (now the Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo). She also holds a fil.dr. (PhD) in gender studies from Örebro University (2014), with the dissertation Modern Men on men's work–family arrangements, intergenerational transmission and social change.
She has previously worked at the Regional Development Fund (now Innovation Norway), at the National Institute of Technology, and as a partner in a consultancy, promoting regional development and entrepreneurship, with a particular emphasis on female entrepreneurship. She has worked as a researcher at a number of research institutions since 1997, including at the Work Research Institute and the Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, and is now director of Policy and Social Research AS, an affiliated researcher at the Center for Feminist Social Studies at Örebro University and an associate member of the research group Rights, Individuals, Culture and Society at the University of Oslo Faculty of Law. She has been a visiting scholar at Emory University School of Law (the Feminism and Legal Theory Project) in Atlanta (2012) and GEXcel Center of Gender Excellence (2013), and has served as a national expert on gender equality to the European Commission DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
Her research interests encompass ethical banking and microfinance, organisational and spatial flexibility in the public sector, management, gender equality, work–family arrangements, qualitative research methods and cultural sociology. She is an expert on men's role and agency in social change towards more egalitarian work–family arrangements.
In recent years her research has focused on fathers and sons, and she has carried out a follow-up study 30 years later of Erik Grønseth's pioneering, experimental gender equality research from the 1970s, which studied gendered patterns of breadwinning and care. The follow-up study, which was funded by the Ministry of Children and Family Affairs and the Research Council of Norway, has received much attention in Norway and abroad. She is currently involved in a cross-national comparative study on work–life balance in Poland and Norway with a grant from the EEA and Norway Grants. She is also involved in research on theory of social justice, in cooperation with feminist legal theorist Martha Albertson Fineman.
She was co-editor, with the Scottish economist Ailsa McKay, of the 2014 book Counting on Marilyn Waring: New Advances in Feminist Economics. The book was described by Alison Preston as "a timely reminder of the politics and economics underpinning what, how and by whom activities are valued." According to Choice, the book explores "a wide range of issues—including the fundamental meaning of economic growth and activity to consumption, health care, mortality, unpaid household work, mothering, education, nutrition, equality, and sustainability" and reveals "the breadth, depth, and substance that can grow from innovative ideas and critical analysis." Diane Elson argues that "despite many valiant efforts, women do not as yet really count in the conduct of economic policy. This book is an imaginative contribution to an ongoing struggle."
Civic and political activities
She was involved in the ethical banking movement in the 1990s as chair of a working group attempting to start a bank in Norway modelled after JAK Members Bank in Sweden. She is chair of CINI (Child In Need India) Norway, President of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights, a board member of the International Alliance of Women, and President of the Norwegian Women's Lobby.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2014). Modern Men : A Norwegian 30-Year Longitudinal Study of Intergenerational Transmission and Social Change. Örebro Studies in Gender Research, 3. ISBN 978-91-7529-027-0.
- Bjørnholt, M.; McKay, A. (2014). "Advances in Feminist Economics in Times of Economic Crisis." In M. Bjørnholt and A. McKay (eds.), Counting on Marilyn Waring. New Advances in Feminist Economics (pp. 7–20). Bradford: Demeter Press. ISBN 9781927335277.
- Bjørnholt, M.; McKay, A. (eds) (2014). Counting on Marilyn Waring. New Advances in Feminist Economics. Bradford: Demeter Press. With a foreword by Julie A. Nelson. ISBN 9781927335277.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2014). "Changing men, changing times; fathers and sons from an experimental gender equality study" (PDF). The Sociological Review 62 (2): 295–315. doi:10.1111/1467-954X.12156.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2014). "Theorising love, work and family in early Norwegian family research and today." In A.G. Jónasdóttir and A. Ferguson (eds), Love—A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-First Century. London/New York: Routledge (Routledge Advances in Feminist Studies and Intersectionality). ISBN 0415704294.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2013). "The vulnerability approach: A way of bridging the equality–difference dilemma?" (PDF). Retfærd: Nordic Journal of Law and Justice 36 (3): 25–44.
- Bjørnholt, M.; Farstad, G.R. (2012). "‘Am I rambling?’ On the advantages of interviewing couples together" (PDF). Qualitative Research 14 (1): 3–19. doi:10.1177/1468794112459671.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2012). "From Work-Sharing Couples to Equal Parents. Changing Perspectives of Men and Gender Equality". In Krekula, C.; Åberg, M.; Samuelsson, M.J. Gender and Change. Power, Politics and Everyday Practices. Karlstad: Karlstad University Press. ISBN 978-91-86637-05-7.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2011). "How Men Became the Local Agents of Change towards Gender Equality" (PDF). Journal of Gender Studies 20 (1): 3–18. doi:10.1080/09589236.2010.514210.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2010). "Like Father, Like Son? The Transmission of Values, Family Practices and Work-Family Adaptations to Sons of Work-Sharing Men" (PDF). Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research and Practice about Men as Fathers 8 (3): 276–299. doi:10.3149/fth.0803.276.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2010). "Part-Time Work and the Career and Life Choices of the Men from the Work-Sharing Couples Study" (PDF). Equality, Diversity and Inclusion 29 (6): 573–592. doi:10.1108/02610151011067513.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2010). "Den norske likedelingsmodellen. Fra samfunnskritikk til hegemonisk styringsmodell" (PDF). Sosiologi i dag 40 (1–2): 35–56.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2009). "Fathers and sons. Gender socialization and intergenerational transmission revisited" (PDF). Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies 4 (1): 83–102.
- Bjørnholt, M. (2009). "Norwegian Work-Sharing Couples Project 30 years later. Revisiting an experimental research project for gender equality in the family" (PDF). Equal Opportunities International 28 (4): 304–323. doi:10.1108/02610150910954773.
- Heen, H.; Bjørnholt, M.; Knudsen, W. (2008). "Distance work: in the intersection between technology, politics and organization". Journal of E-Working 2 (1): 1–11.
- Bjørnholt, M.; Knudsen, W.; Lissner, T. (2005). "Gender and distant work relations." In M. Cunningham and P. Cunningham (eds), Innovation and the knowledge economy. Amsterdam, Berlin, Oxford, Tokyo, Washington DC: IOS Press. ISBN 978-1-58603-563-1.
- Knudsen, W.; Bjørnholt, M.; Lissner, T. (2004). "New public management and distant work." In M. Cunningham and P. Cunningham (eds), eAdoption and the knowledge economy. Amsterdam, Berlin, Oxford, Tokyo, Washington DC: IOS Press. ISBN 1-58603-470-7.
- Bjørnholt, M. (1995). Pengene mot strømmen; alternative finansieringsorganisasjoner. Oslo: University of Oslo. ISBN 82-570-0438-3.
- Dieter Mahncke, Léonce Bekemans, Robert Picht, eds. (1999). The College of Europe. Fifty Years of Service to Europe, College of Europe, Bruges, ISBN 9080498319
- "Margunn Bjørnholt". Policy and Social Research. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Modern men: A Norwegian 30-year longitudinal study of intergenerational transmission and social change, Diva-Portal
- "Margunn Bjørnholt". Emory University. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- "Margunn Bjørnholt". Expert database for gender research. Research Council of Norway. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Margunn Bjørnholt". inGenere.it. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Anita Haslie (14 September 2010). "A Successful Work-Life Balance". Research Council of Norway Information Centre for Gender Research in Norway. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Belinda Luscombe (18 October 2010). "Week-On, Week-Off Parenting". TIME Magazine. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Belinda Luscombe (22 September 2010). "A Crazy 40-Year-Old Experiment Suggests Work-Life Balance Is Possible". TIME Healthland. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Johnny Gimmestad (3 October 2010). "Vekker oppsikt internasjonalt". Aftenposten. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Bosse Parbring (2011). "Delat föräldraskap, delad arbetstid". NIKK magasin (Nordic Gender Institute) 2011 (1). Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Linn Stalsberg (2011). "En krympet likestillingsdebatt". Forskningsmagasinet Apollon (University of Oslo) 2011 (1). Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Linn Hanssen (4 June 2006). "Likestilling er bra for kjærligheten". Dagbladet. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Beret Bråten (29 November 2005). "Delte arbeid ute og hjemme". Research Council of Norway Information Centre for Gender Research in Norway. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Gimmestad, Johnny (5 September 2010). "Det lønner seg for far å stelle hjemme". Aftenposten.
- Ingeborg Moe (12 December 2005). "Tenk nytt om tidsklemma". Dagbladet. pp. 1, 16, 17.
- "EFFECT: Cross-national Polish–Norwegian project on work–life balance". Policy and Social Research. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Kristin Marie Skaar (24 May 2014). "– Klart vi kan jobbe mindre". forskning.no.
- Langeland, Terje (18 June 2013). "Women Unaccounted for in Global Economy Proves Waring Influence". Bloomberg.com.
- Sullivan, T.E. (2014). "Review: Counting on Marilyn Waring: new advances in feminist economics". Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries 52 (3). doi:10.5860/CHOICE.185300.
- Elson, Diane (2015). "Book Review: Counting on Marilyn Waring: new advances in feminist economics". Feminist Review (109). doi:10.1057/fr.2014.58. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- "Mannsforsker ny leder i Norsk Kvinnesaksforening". Aftenposten. 2014-05-11.
- Board, International Alliance of Women
- "Norsk kvinnebevegelse slår seg sammen i ny lobby". Kureren. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.