|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2012)|
|• Political Leader||Abdul Khaliq Hazara|
|• Wazir||From Shia Politica party MWM (Agha Muhammad Raza)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Mariabad is an inner eastern suburb of Quetta, capital of Pakistan's Balochistan province. The majority of the population are Hazara people. This place is the birthplace of many Hazara political, social, military, writers, sports personalities of Quetta city.
History of Hazaras establishment in Balochistan
Hazaras had been seasonal menial workers in British India, who came here in winter months to work in coal mines, road construction etc. during the British colonial expansion in Sindh, Balochistan and Northwest Frontier. The earliest record of Hazaras in the areas of present-day Pakistan are found in the Broad-foot's sappers company in 1835 at Quetta. This sappers company participated in the First Anglo-Afghan War also. Hazaras also worked in the agriculture farms in Sindh and construction of Sukkur barrage. In his seminal book War and Migration, Alessandro Monsutti classifies the Hazara migration to Balochistan in the following phases:
Following the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the first Hazaras came to Quetta to seek employment in British-run companies under the Raj. They are thought to have worked on the building of roads and the Bolan Pass railway as well as enlisting in the British Army of India. At that time, there could have been no more than a few hundred Hazaras in Balochistan.
The situation in Afghanistan returned to normal under Habibullah (1901–1919), the son of Abdur Rahman. He offered amnesty to the Hazaras but this proved to be of little help in improving the lot of the Hazara community in Afghanistan. In 1904, the 106th Hazara Pioneers, a separate regiment for the Hazaras formed by the British, offered greater careers prospects, social recognition and economic success.
The regiment of Hazara Pioneers was disbanded in 1933. Deprived of this social and professional outlet, Hazaras went to settle in Quetta between the 1930s and 1960s, although the process of migration never completely dried up.
Following the 1971 drought, Hazaras then settled in Quetta or went to Iran in search of work. Between 1973 and 1978, tensions over the Pashtunistan issue between Pakistan and the Afghan regime, were an additional factor in the Hazara migration since President Daoud Khan of Afghanistan saw the Hazara as Pakistan's allies.
Following the Communist coup in April 1978 and the Soviet Union intervention in December 1979, the migratory movement assumed hitherto unprecedented dimensions.
Hazaras have been very active in the field of education in Pakistan. Many, private educational institutes are found in the area. A partial list of educational institutes is provided below.
- Hazara Town
- Hazara Democratic Party
- Persecution of Hazara people in Quetta
- General Mohammad Musa Khan Hazara
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hazara people.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Hazara (Race).|