Maria Anna of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maria Anna of Spain
Holy Roman Empress, German Queen
Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia
Diego Velázquez 031.jpg
'Infanta Maria Anna of Austria, future Empress' by Velazquez, 1630.
Tenure 1631–1646
Spouse Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans
Mariana, Queen of Spain
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
House House of Habsburg
Father Philip III of Spain
Mother Margaret of Austria
Born (1606-08-18)August 18, 1606
El Escorial, Spain
Died May 13, 1646(1646-05-13) (aged 39)
Linz, Austria
Religion Roman Catholicism
House of Habsburg
Spanish line
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1580-1668).svg

Maria Anna of Spain (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), Infanta of Spain, the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria, was Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia as the wife of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.[1]

Biography[edit]

Maria Ana, Holy Roman Empress, by Frans Luycx, ca. 1638, Visitationist Monastery in Warsaw.

Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Spain was a younger sister of Anne of Austria, queen consort of Louis XIII of France, and mother of Mariana of Austria, queen consort of Philip IV of Spain. She was also an older sister of Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand.

In the early 1620s, James I of England envisioned Maria Ana as a possible bride for his son and heir, the future Charles I of England and Scotland. Charles even visited Madrid to meet the young Maria Ana. In English history, this possible marriage is known as the Spanish Match. However, negotiations failed, as Maria Ana did not wish to marry a Protestant and Charles would not convert to Catholicism, and Charles eventually married Henrietta Maria of France.

On 20 February 1631, Maria Anna married her first cousin, the future Ferdinand III, then the titular king of Hungary. The princess traveled from Spain to Austria through Italy, a dangerous journey during the Thirty Years' War, and which took 14 months to complete. About a month earlier, on 26 January 1631, Maria Anna was married to Ferdinand by proxy with her brother-in-law, Bishop Leopold Wilhelm of Strassburg, Passau and Halberstadt, when she reached Trieste. The second marriage ceremony, with Ferdiand himself, was celebrated in Vienna, with festivities lasting a month. The marriage was described as friendly. Maria Ana was described as happy tempered, friendly and intelligent, and able to ease the feelings of the melancholic emperor. She was politically active, acted as the advisor of her spouse, his Regent during his absence, and followed him on his travels.

Issue[edit]

Empress Maria Anna with her eldest son, Ferdinand, by Frans Luycx, 1634.

Ferdinand and Maria Ana had six children:

Death[edit]

During the Thirty Years' War, the imperial family moved hastily to Linz, where she died of poisoning during her last pregnancy after fever and heavy bleeding.[citation needed] The child she was carrying, Maria, was still alive, and was born by cesarean section, but died soon after. Mother and daughter were buried together in a single coffin.

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.
Maria Anna of Spain
Born: 18 August 1606 Died: 13 May 1646
Royal titles
Preceded by
Eleonore Gonzaga
Empress of the Holy Roman Empire
German Queen, Archduchess consort of Austria

1637–1646
Vacant
Title next held by
Maria Leopoldine of Austria
Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia
1631–1646
Vacant
Title next held by
Margaret Theresa of Spain