|— Gymnast —|
Gorokhovskaya on a Soviet stamp of 1957
|Country represented||Soviet Union|
October 17, 1921|
|Died||July 22, 2001
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Discipline||Women's artistic gymnastics|
Maria Kondratyevna Gorokhovska (Russian: Мария Кондратьевна Гороховская, Ukrainian: Марія Кіндратівна Гороховська; October 17, 1921 in Yevpatoria – July 22, 2001 in Tel Aviv, Israel) was a Russian-born Soviet gymnast of Jewish descent. At the 1952 Summer Olympics, she won seven medals, the most medals won by any woman in a single Olympics.
Competing for Budivelnyk Kharkiv, Horokhovskaya won her first USSR title on the balance beam in 1948. She came to the Helsinki Olympics as the twofold national champion. Soviet gymnastics had never competed at major international tournaments before, and it was the first Olympics in which the country participated.
The Soviet gymnasts dominated the competition, with Horokhovskaya leading them. In all four individual apparatus events – the balance beam, floor exercise, the vault and the uneven bars – Horokhovskaya finished second. This performance earned her the gold medal in the all-around competition, finishing ahead of team-mate Nina Bocharova by eight tenths of a point.
With seven of the eight Soviet gymnasts finishing in the top ten, it was clear that the team gold medal would go to them. Horokhovskaya won her seventh medal in the now discontinued team exercise with portable apparatus, where the Soviet team finished second behind Sweden.
Horokhovskaya made one more international appearance as a part of the winning Soviet team at the 1954 World Championships, and retired afterwards. She then worked as a judge (international since 1964) and a lecturer.
- List of multiple Olympic medalists at a single Games
- List of Olympic female gymnasts for the Soviet Union
- List of select Jewish gymnasts
- List of top Olympic gymnastics medalists
- Complete list of competition results at Gymn Forum
- Maria Gorokhovskaya at Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique