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Maria was born in Coimbra on 15 October 1527 and was one of the few children of John III to survive childhood. She married her double-cousin Prince Philip of Asturias (future Philip II of Spain and I of Portugal) in 1543 and was the mother of Prince Carlos, a deformed child who was heir of the Spanish crown.
Maria died soon after she gave birth, on 12 August 1545 in Valladolid, Spain.
* also an infanta of Spain by marriage
** also a princess of Tuscany by marriage
*** also a princess of Modena by marriage
^also an archduchess of Austria in her own right
^^did not have a royal or noble title by birth