Maria Martin

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For other people named Maria Martin, see Maria Martin (disambiguation).

Maria Martin Bachman (1796–1863) of Charleston, South Carolina, USA, was a watercolor painter who provided many of the background paintings for John James Audubon on Birds of America (1831–39) and Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America (1845–48).[1]

The U.S. Audubon Society named a variety of the Hairy Woodpecker (Picus martinae) Maria's Woodpecker, in honor of her.

Biography[edit]

Maria was born in 1796 to Rebecca Solars and Jacob Martin. As the youngest sister, she moved in with her ailing sister Harriet Martin Bachman and her eight children.[2] Harriet's husband was Reverend John Bachman, a Lutheran pastor of St. John's Church in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1831 John James Audubon became a guest at Reverend Bachman's house. During this month long stay, Audubon encouraged Maria to assist with paintings for his Birds of North America book.[3]

After the death of her sister in 1846, Maria married John Bachman in 1848.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bailey, Martha J. (1994). American Women in Science:A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO, Inc. ISBN 0-87436-740-9. 
  2. ^ Charleston County Public Library. "Maria Martin Bachman". Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  3. ^ johnbachman.org. "Timeline for John Bachman". Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  • "Martin, Maria". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Accessed 7 March 2007
  • "Martin, Maria." Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferris, eds. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bachman, C.L., ed. John Bachman D.D.
  • Bannon, L.E., Handbook of Audubon Prints. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Co., Inc., 1980.
  • Bonta, M.M., Women in the Field: America's Pioneering Women Naturalists. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1991, Chapter 2, Maria Martin: Audubon's Sweetheart.
  • Coffin, Annie Roulhac, New York Historical Society Quarterly (January 1965)
  • Corning, Howard, ed. Letters of John James Audubon, 1826-1840. 1930.
  • Ford, A., John James Audubon: A Biography. New York: Abbeville Press, 1988. <