Maria Martin

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For other people named Maria Martin, see Maria Martin (disambiguation).

Maria Martin Bachman (1796–1863) of Charleston, South Carolina, USA, was a watercolor painter who provided many of the background paintings for John James Audubon on Birds of America (1831–39) and Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America (1845–48).[1]

The U.S. Audubon Society named a variety of the Hairy Woodpecker (Picus martinae) Maria's Woodpecker, in honor of her.


Maria was born in 1796 to Rebecca Solars and Jacob Martin. As the youngest sister, she moved in with her ailing sister Harriet Martin Bachman and her eight children.[2] Harriet's husband was Reverend John Bachman, a Lutheran pastor of St. John's Church in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1831 John James Audubon became a guest at Reverend Bachman's house. During this month long stay, Audubon encouraged Maria to assist with paintings for his Birds of North America book.[3]

After the death of her sister in 1846, Maria married John Bachman in 1848.


  1. ^ Bailey, Martha J. (1994). American Women in Science:A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO, Inc. ISBN 0-87436-740-9. 
  2. ^ Charleston County Public Library. "Maria Martin Bachman". Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "Timeline for John Bachman". Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  • "Martin, Maria". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Accessed 7 March 2007
  • "Martin, Maria." Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferris, eds. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bachman, C.L., ed. John Bachman D.D.
  • Bannon, L.E., Handbook of Audubon Prints. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Co., Inc., 1980.
  • Bonta, M.M., Women in the Field: America's Pioneering Women Naturalists. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1991, Chapter 2, Maria Martin: Audubon's Sweetheart.
  • Coffin, Annie Roulhac, New York Historical Society Quarterly (January 1965)
  • Corning, Howard, ed. Letters of John James Audubon, 1826-1840. 1930.
  • Ford, A., John James Audubon: A Biography. New York: Abbeville Press, 1988. <