Maria Schneider (actress)
Schneider at Créteil Films de Femmes Festival in Paris, 2001
|Born||Marie Christine Gélin
27 March 1952
|Died||3 February 2011
Cause of death
|Ethnicity||Romanian and French|
|Parents||Daniel Gélin (deceased)
Maria Schneider (27 March 1952 – 3 February 2011) was a French actress. She was known for playing "Jeanne" at the age of 20, opposite Marlon Brando in Bernardo Bertolucci's film Last Tango in Paris (1972); and "The Girl" in Michelangelo Antonioni's The Passenger (1975), opposite Jack Nicholson.
Schneider was born in Paris as Marie Christine Gélin, the daughter of Daniel Gélin, a French actor, and Marie-Christine Schneider from Romania, who ran a bookstore in the city. She met her father only three times. Maria was raised by her mother in a town near the French border with Germany; she took her mother's surname.
As a teenager Schneider adored films, going to the cinema up to four times a week. She left home at age 15 after an argument with her mother and went to Paris, where she made her stage acting debut that same year. She scratched out a living as a film extra and a model. While working as an extra, she met Brigitte Bardot, who knew her father. The actress offered Schneider a room in her house. Through Bardot, Schneider met important figures in the film business. American actor Warren Beatty introduced her to the William Morris agency. She was 18 when she had her first break in 1970, appearing in Madly, starring Alain Delon and directed by Roger Kahane.
Schneider gained international renown for her performance in the sexually explicit and controversial Last Tango in Paris (1972), directed by Bernardo Bertolucci. She performed several nude scenes in a graphic portrayal of anonymous sex with an older man. In an interview in 2007, Schneider described the director Bertolucci by the following: "He was fat and sweaty and very manipulative, both of Marlon and myself, and would do certain things to get a reaction from me." As for her working relationship with Brando, she said that he had a paternal relationship with her on the set. But Brando had suggested the sodomy scene, in which he used butter as lubricant with her. Bertolucci did not reveal this scene to her until just before it was filmed:
|“||I should have called my agent or had my lawyer come to the set because you can't force someone to do something that isn't in the script, but at the time, I didn't know that. Marlon said to me: 'Maria, don't worry, it's just a movie,' but during the scene, even though what Marlon was doing wasn't real, I was crying real tears. I felt humiliated and to be honest, I felt a little raped, both by Marlon and by Bertolucci. After the scene, Marlon didn't console me or apologise. Thankfully, there was just one take.||”|
|“||Last Tango ... first major role. In fact, it's a total coincidence. I was friends with Dominique Sanda. She would make the film with Jean-Louis Trintignant, but she was pregnant. She had a large picture with her of both of us. Bertolucci saw it. He made me do a casting...I regretted my choice since the beginning of my career would have been sweeter, quieter. For Tango, I was not prepared. People have identified with a character that was not me. Butter, about saucy old pigs...Even Marlon with his charisma and class, felt a bit violated, exploited a little in this film. He rejected it for years. And me, I felt it doubly.||”|
Schneider and Brando remained friends until his death, although they did not speak of the movie "for a while." She has said that her experience with the film – and her treatment afterward as a sex symbol rather than as a serious actress – motivated her never to work nude again. She also appeared in films such as Michelangelo Antonioni's The Passenger and Franco Zeffirelli's Jane Eyre (1996).
Schneider worked in over 50 films and television productions between 1969 and 2008. During her career, she was a strong advocate for improving the work of women in film.
|“||I'm still struggling for the image of women in film and I'm still working, not as much as I would like to because for a woman in her late forties, it's hard to find work. Not only in France. I had a chat with Angelica Huston last year. We spoke about the same problem, you know. I don't know where it comes from? The writers, the producers, or the directors. But I think it's a pity even for the public. We get a response to see a mature woman in film. We see many, many macho men in film. An actress like Meryl Streep doesn't work as much as Bob De Niro.||”|
In 1974, Schneider came out as bisexual. In early 1976, she abandoned the film set of Caligula and checked herself into a mental hospital in Rome for several days to be with her lover, photographer Joan Townsend. This, coupled with her refusal to perform nude, led to Schneider's dismissal from the film. She was replaced by Teresa Ann Savoy.
The 1970s were turbulent years for Schneider, marked by drug addiction, overdoses, and a suicide attempt. Schneider said that she disliked the instant fame accorded to her from Last Tango in Paris. She suffered abuse and began taking drugs.
|“||I was rock 'n' roll. About drugs, we did not know at the time, it was so dangerous. There was an ideal, to change society, and especially a thirst for novelty...I have lost seven years of my life and I regret it bitterly...I started using drugs when I became famous. I did not like the celebrity, and especially the image full of innuendo, naughty, that people had of me after Last Tango. In addition, I had no family behind me, who protect you ... I suffered abuse. People who come up to tell you unpleasant things on planes. I was tracked down, and I felt hounded.||”|
By the 1980s, however, her life had improved:
|“||"I was very lucky – I lost many friends to drugs – but I met someone in 1980 who helped me stop. I call this person my angel and we've been together ever since. I don't say if it's a man or a woman. That's my secret garden. I like to keep it a mystery."||”|
She died from cancer on 3 February 2011 at age 58. Remembering her, Bertolucci said, "Her death came too soon, before I could hold her again tenderly, and tell her that I felt connected to her as on the first day, and for once, to ask her to forgive me." "Maria accused me of having robbed her of her youth and only today am I wondering whether there wasn't some truth to that," he added.
Her funeral was held on 10 February 2011 at Église Saint-Roch, Paris, attended by actors, directors and producers in French cinema such as Dominique Besnehard, Bertrand Blier, Christine Boisson, Claudia Cardinale, Alain Delon, Andréa Ferreol, as well as her partner, Pia, half-siblings Fiona and Manuel Gélin, and her uncle, Georges Schneider. Delon read a tribute from Brigitte Bardot. Schneider was cremated afterwards at Père Lachaise crematorium, and her ashes were to be scattered at sea at the foot of the Rock of the Virgin in Biarritz, according to her last wishes.
Legacy and honors
- 2001, Scneider was the guest of honor at the 23rd Festival Créteil Films de Femmes. In a master class at the festival, she called film "a tracing of memory", and said that women must be recognized as actors and directors. She also brought attention to the importance of assisting senior French actors who become unemployed and impoverished.
- 2001, Schneider was chosen as Vice-President of La Roue Tourne, an organization in Paris organized to support senior French actors and directors. According to Schneider, Marcel Carné, director of Children of Paradise (1945) and one of the most important directors of the late 1930s, would have died in poverty but for La Roue Tourne supporting him for the last ten years of his life.
1 July 2010, Schneider was awarded the medal of Chevalier, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contributions to the arts by Minister of Culture and Communication, Frédéric Mitterrand. He had acted with her in Jacques Rivette's film, Merry-Go-Round (1981).
In pop culture
Also Known As
|1969||Les Femmes||cameo appearance||French|
|L'Arbre de Noël||The Christmas Tree||cameo appearance||French|
|1971||Les jambes en l'air||a.k.a: César Grandblaise||Sarah Grandblaise||French|
|La Vieille Fille||The Old Maid||Mome||French, German|
|What a Flash!||cameo appearance||French|
|Ultimo tango a Parigi||Last Tango in Paris||Jeanne||French, English|
|1973||Cari genitori||Dear Parents||Antonia||Italian, English|
|Reigen||Dance Of Love||Das Süsse Mädel||German|
|1975||La Baby Sitter||Scar Tissue||Michèle||English|
|Professione: reporter||The Passenger||The Girl||English, German, Spanish|
|1978||Voyage au jardin des morts||Hypolyte||French|
|Io sono mia||I Belong To Me||Suna||Spanish|
|1979||La Dérobade||Memoirs of a French Whore||Maloup||French|
|Een vrouw als Eva||A Woman Like Eve||Liliane||Dutch|
|1980||Weiße Reise||White Travel||German|
|Mama Dracula||Mother Dracula||Nancy Hawaii||French, English|
|1981||Une saison de paix à Paris||a.k.a: Sezona mira u Parizu||Elen||French, Serbian|
|La chanson du mal aimé||French|
|1982||Cercasi Gesù||Looking For Jesus
|Balles perdues||Stray Bullets||Véra||French|
|1984||Princess & The Photographer||a.k.a: Yoroppa tokkyu||English, Japanese|
|1987||Résidence surveillée||Céline Fontaine||French|
|1989||Bunker Palace Hôtel||Muriel|
|Écrans de sable||Sarah||French|
|1992||Au pays des Juliets||In the Country of Juliets||Raissa|
|Les Nuits fauves||Savage Nights||Noria||French|
|1998||Something to Believe In||English|
|2000||Les Acteurs||The Actors||herself||French|
|2002||La Repentie||The Repentant||French|
|2004||Au large de Bad Ragaz|
|2006||Perds pas la boule!||Thelda||French|
|2007||La Vie d'artiste||The Life Of The Artist||cameo appearance||French|
|La Clef||The Key||Solange||French|
- 1984: Buio nella valle (TV mini-series)
- 1985: A Song for Europe (TV movie)
- 1987: Résidence surveillée
- 1987: L'or noir de Lornac (TV series)
- 1988: Silvia è sola (TV movie)
- 1993: Contrôle d'identité (TV movie)
- 1995: Navarro (TV series) (as Samira in one episode, L'ombre d'un père)
- 1998: Angelo nero (TV movie), 1998
- 1998: Il cuore e la spada (TV movie), (Queen Maga of Ireland)
- 2004: Maigret (TV series)
- 2008: A.D. La guerre de l'ombre (TV mini-series)
- "Maria Schneider dies at 58; actress in 'Last Tango in Paris'", Los Angeles Times, 4 February 2011. "The daughter of French actor Daniel Gélin and a Romanian mother, Schneider was born in Paris on 27 March 1952, and grew up with her mother near the French border with Germany."
- Klemesrud, Judy (4 February 1973). "Maria Says Her 'Tango' Is Not; Movies". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/04/movies/04schneider.html?_r=1, New York Times
- "Maria Schneider" (in English (UK)). Telegraph. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- Das, Lina (19 July 2007). "I felt raped by Brando". Daily Mail. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- Moira Sullivan, "Maria Schneider: Forget Last Tango" (Translation of "Autoportrait: Maria Schneider: Belle et Rebelle"), Jackie Buet, Elizabeth Jenny, Créteil Films de Femmes, 2001 
- Jackie Buet, Elizabeth Jenny, "Autoportrait: Maria Schneider: Belle et Rebelle", Créteil Films de Femmes, 2001
- Moira Sullivan, "Interview with Maria Schneider Honored at the 23rd Créteil Films de Femmes International Film Festival", April 4, 2001
- Hadleigh, Boze (2001), The Lavender Screen: The Gay and Lesbian Films, Citadel Press, p. 81, ISBN 0-8065-2199-6
- Abrams, Richard M. (2006), America Transformed: Sixty Years of Revolutionary Change, 1941–2001, Cambridge University Press, pp. 165–6, ISBN 0-521-86246-9
- Ebert, Roger (14 September 1975). "Interview with Maria Schneider". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 21 April 2007.
- Maria Schneider Pt. 3: Memoirs of a French Whore, A Woman Like Eve Alt Film Guide, 3 February 2011.
- Moira Sullivan, "Maria Schneider: Forget Last Tango" (Translation of "Autoportrait: Maria Schneider Belle et Rebelle"), 2 February2001.
- Jackie Buet, Elizabeth Jenny, "Autoportrait: Maria Schneider Belle et Rebelle" Créteil Films de Femmes, 2001.
- "Last Tango In Paris star Maria Schneider dies at 58". Daily Mail. 3 February 2011.
- Maria Schneider obituary The Guardian, 3 February 2011.
- Moira Sullivan,Tribute to Maria SchneiderSenses of Cinema, 14 March 2011.
- Prigioniera di quell'"Ultimo tango"—Addio a Maria Schneider La Repubblica, 3 February 2011.
- Bertolucci wanted to say sorry for 'Last Tango in Paris' France 24, 3 February 2011.
- Remembering Maria Schneider The Daily Beast, 6 February 2011.
- Obsèques de Maria Schneider: L'hommage de Brigitte Bardot et Alain Delon Pure People 10 February 2011.
- "Brigitte Bardot rend hommage à Maria Schneider", 10 February 2011
- Mort de Maria Schneider : Son dernier adieu Pure People, 2011-025-07.
- María Schneider; sin tangos pero con emoción en París Prensa Latina 10 February 2011.
- Regardez l’adieu bouleversant à l’actrice disparue Gala Magazine 10 February 2011.
- Jackie Buet, Elizabeth Jenny, "Maria Schneider: Belle et Rebelle", Créteil Films de Femmes, 2001.
- "La Roue Tourne"
- Maria Schneider at AllRovi
- Maria Schneider at AlloCiné (French)
- Maria Schneider at the Internet Movie Database
- Maria Schneider Filmography
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