Maria Stona

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Maria Stona
Marie stona.jpg
Maria Stona
Born Maria Stonawski
1861
Třebovice ve Slezku,[1] Austrian Silesia (now Czech Republic)
Died 1944
Třebovice

Maria Stona; Marie Scholz; born Stonawski (1861–1944) was a Silesian German[2] writer and poet.

She drew into her circles many noticeable persons, world-famous artists, politicians and writers such as Georg Brandes, Georges Clemenceau, Berta von Suttner, Flinders Petrie, Stefan Zweig, being among her guests in her home the Chateau of Třebovice [1] (Strzebowitz).

In Třebovice she led artistic salon.

She corresponded regularly with Georg Brandes from 1899 to his death 1927.

Her daughter was Helen Zelezny-Scholz, sculptor.

Maria Stona died in 1944, during the World War II. In the course of the liberation of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Red Army her chateau was damaged and subsequently was deteriorating. In 1958 was totally demolished.

Some of her books are available at The Royal Library in Copenhagen where some of her letters may also be found in "Georg Brandes Arkivet"

Life[edit]

Maria Scholz is a daughter of Joseph Stonawski, who in 1861 bought the Castle Strebowitz, and his wife Marie Kosietz (Kosiec) from Bludowitz[disambiguation needed] in Cieszyn Silesia. She used the first two syllables of her birth name, Stonawski, as her pseudonym Maria Stona.

Maria married in 1881, Dr. jur. Albert Scholz, a son of Alois Scholz (1821–1883)[3] Director of the steel works of Witkowitz mining and metallurgical trade union in Moravia-Ostrava. The couple Maria and Albert Scholz lived seven years, from 1881 to 1888, in Chropyně in Moravia. In Chropin on 16 August 1882 the daughter Helen Zelezny-Scholz came to the world. She was a sculptor and as wedded Zelezny-Scholz she lived in Rome in Italy where she died in 1974.

The marriage to Albert Scholz lasted until 1899. Maria Stona most likely had a second marriage to the writer, editor and art critic Charles Erasmus Kleinert (1837–1933). In 1933, Maria Stona issued a tribute to his life: An Old Austrian - Charles Erasmus Kleinert. His life and his works were published by Adolf Drechsler, Opava in Moravia.

Literary circles at the Castle Strebowitz[edit]

After the death of his father, Joseph took Maria Stonawski Scholz to Strebowitz Martinau and in Silesia, where the Strebowitz Castle and the surrounding park was their residence. At Castle Strebowitz Maria Stona was the center of a literary circle. Landowner and Countess Marie Stonawská-Scholzová loved art. She produced poetry, stories, novels, and travel sketches under the pseudonym Maria Stona. After a short marriage, she was able to live independently thanks to having financial security. She actively participated in the cultural life of the town – she visited exhibits and the theatre, but mainly she supported artists. In this way the château in Třebovice became a cultural centre where artists and the intelligentsia of various nations gathered. Stonawská-Scholzová bountifully hosted and supported local artists regardless of nationality, and eagerly introduced young artists to the public.

The list of important personalities who stayed at Třebovice includes writer Baroness Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, noted Austrian prose writer Stefan Zweig, the Nobel Peace Prize winner Bertha von Suttner, writer Subhas Chandra Bose doctor and writer Karl Schönherr, the writer and journalist Paul Keller, the Danish literary critic Georg Brandes, and personalities of political life. She encouraged young artists who belonged to which the Czech pianist and composer Ilja Hurník and others traveled for Eastern Europe, Southern France and Spain.

Her extensive literary heritage, included travelogues, poetry, often sentimental, short stories, novellas and novels. Maria Stona was one of the most important women writers of her time. They drew their psychological empathy from the surrounding world, as Russian troops had occupied Moravia and Silesia in 1945 and Castle Strebowitz was lost as a family residence.

Maria Stona who died in 1944, created her works in German. The volumes of poetry have been translated after her death by the novelist Helen Salichová into the Czech language.

Works[edit]

  • Mein lachendes Buch
  • Ein Alt - Österreicher. Karl Erasmus Kleinert. Sein Leben und seine Werke
  • Neue Gedichte
  • Das Buch der Liebe, 1888, 3rd expanded edition 1897, Anzengruber Verlag Wien, Berlin.
  • Liebe einer jungen Frau, 3rd edition, Anzengruber Verlag Wien und Berlin.
  • Klingende Tiefen, New Poems, Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin.
  • Flammen und Fluten, Poems, Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin.
  • König Eri, Ein Lied der Liebe, Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin.
  • Menschen und Paragraphie. Stories, Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin
  • Erzählt und gesungen, Stories and Poems, Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin.
  • Ludwig Jakobowski im Licht des Lebens, Anzengruber Verlag Wien, Berlin.
  • Der Rabenschrei, novel of divorce, 1907.
  • Die Heidelerche und andere heitere Geschichten, Philipp Reclam Verlag 1910.
  • Mein Dorf, short stories and sketches from Silesia, Kürschners Bücherschatz Nr. 604.
  • Klein Doktor – Ein Kinderleben, Leipzig Turmverlag Albert Platzek 1918
  • Das Doppelfest im Ort, in: Rur-Blumen, Jahrgang 1923, Nr. 12, Blätter für Heimatgeschichte. Beilage zum Jülischen Kreisblatt, Jahrgang 1921 bis 1924.
  • Von Prag in die Provence über Strassburg, Verdun und Reims, Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin 1922.
  • Das schöne Spanien, a journey in 51 images, AGV Verlag Berlin, ohne Jahr ( 1942 bis 1944)-
  • Vor dem Sturz, social novel.
  • Rachel, Roman, 2nd Reprint. Anzengruber Verlag Wien Berlin.
  • O du spaßige Welt der Frauen, Steyrermühl Verlag Wien, Tagblatt Bibliothek Nr. 76.
  • Die wilde Wolhynierin, Roman from Ukraine, a reference to the life story of the cousin Maria Stonas Wilhelmina Ladislawa Koszyce (Kosietz), daughter of Wenceslaus Koszyce in Zywiec (Saybusch) in Galicia, then a crown land of the Austria-Hungarian Empire, Anzengruber Verlag, Vienna and Leipzig, 1922.
  • Eine Fahrt nach Karpathorußlans, Adolf Drechsler Verlag Troppau 1936.
  • Erzähltes Erbe – selection of East German narrative, to page 27 to 52 Stona Maria: My mother (Marie Stonavski née Koszyce, died 1890) Odertor-publisher of literature from Eastern Sudetenland, Heidelberg 1961.
  • Dorfgestalten aus dem Vorfeld von Groß-Ostrau, ausgewählt, introduced and edited by Fritz Eichler, Odertor-publisher of literature from the Eastern Sudetenland, Heidelberg in 1962 with a dedication of the 100th birthday of Maria Stona (* 1861) and a portrait photograph of her.

Literature[edit]

  • Biographical Dictionary published on the history of the Bohemian Lands, Volume III (N - Sch) on behalf of the Collegium Carolinum by Ferdinand Seibt, Hans Lemberg, Helmut Slapnicka, Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich 2000, p. 744th
  • Austrian Bibiographisches Lexicon, 11 with references to Mary Stona.
  • Josef Mühlberger: History of German Literature in Bohemia from 1900 to 1939, Volume 1
  • John Nagl, Jakob Zeidler, Edward Castle: German-Austrian literary history - A handbook on the history of German literature in Austria-Hungary, Volume 3 and 4
  • Franz Brümmer: Encyclopedia of German poets and prose writers from the early 19th century to the present, Reclam, 1913.
  1. ^ cs:Třebovice (Ostrava)
  2. ^ Henryk Wawreczka: Těšín/Český Těšín na starých pohlednicích a fotografiích. Wart 1999, p. 132.
  3. ^ de:Alois Scholz