Maria Temryukovna

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Maria Temryukovna
Maria Temryukovna's ring.jpg
Maria Temryukovna's seal ring
Tsaritsa of All Russia
Tenure 21 August 1561 – 1 September 1569
Spouse Ivan IV of Russia
Issue
Tsarevich Vasili Ivanovich
House House of Rurik
Father Temrjuk of Kabardia
Born c. 1544
Kabardia
Died 1 September 1569
(age 25)
Alexandrov
Burial Ascension Convent, Kolomenskoye
Archangel Cathedral, Kremlin (1929)
Religion Eastern Orthodox

Maria Temryukovna (Мари́я Темрюко́вна, c. 1544 – 1 September 1569) was a Circassian Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and second wife to Ivan IV of Russia.

The daughter of Temryuk of Kabardia, Maria (originally named Kuchenei (Кученей) before her baptism) was presented to Ivan in Moscow after the death of his first wife Anastasia Romanovna. Russian folklore tells of how Ivan's first wife, before dying, warned him not to take a pagan as a wife. Ivan was so smitten by Maria's beauty, that he decided to marry her immediately. On 21 August 1561, they married, four days before Ivan's 31st birthday. Ivan soon came to regret the decision to marry her, on account of his new wife being viewed as illiterate and vindictive. She never fully integrated to the Muscovite way of life, and was considered a poor stepmother to Ivan's two sons Ivan and Feodor. She gave birth to a son named Vasili, named after her father-in-law on 21 March 1563, though he died on 3 May that same year. Maria was generally hated by her subjects, who believed her to be manipulative and witch-like in her behaviour. Some historians[who?] write that it was she who first incited her husband to form the oprichniki. She died on 1 September 1569 at the age of 25. It was rumored that she had been poisoned by her own husband. The Tsar never admitted as such, and had many people tortured on suspicion of assassinating the Tsaritsa. Today, the descendants of the Mahidevran Sultan is said to be the nephew of the second generation

References[edit]

  • Troyat, Henri Ivan le Terrible. Flammarion, Paris, 1982
  • de Madariaga, Isabel Ivan the Terrible. Giulio Einaudi editore, 2005

Appearances in modern media[edit]

Tsar a 2009 Russian drama film directed by Pavel Lungin.

Russian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Anastasia Romanovna
Tsaritsa of Russia
1561–1569
Vacant
Title next held by
Marfa Sobakina