Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
|Marie Thérèse Félicité|
|Princess of Modena
Duchess of Penthièvre
1750 portrait at Eu
|Spouse||Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre|
|Issue||Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe
Marie Adélaide, Duchess of Orléans
|Father||Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena|
|Mother||Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans|
6 October 1726|
Ducal Palace, Modena
|Died||30 April 1754
Château de Rambouillet, France
|Burial||Chapelle royale de Dreux|
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (April 2014)|
Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este (October 6, 1726 – April 30, 1754) was born a princess of Modena and was by marriage the Duchess of Penthièvre. She was the mother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and thus the grandmother to the future Louis-Philippe of France.
Born in Emilia-Romagna in Modena, she was the daughter of Francesco III, Duke of Modena and his wife, the French princess Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans. Her mother was a granddaughter of Louis XIV of France by a mistress.
One of nine children, she was the first daughter of the family. Her parents' marriage was not happy, and her mother eventually returned to France to live. The duchess took up residence in the Luxembourg Palace in Paris with the permission of Louis XV. It was while her mother was in France that a marriage was arranged between Maria Teresa Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre.
Penthièvre was Maria Teresa's mother's first cousin. Charlotte Aglaé's mother was the sister of the duke's father, Louis-Alexandre Count of Toulouse. The young duke had inherited a vast fortune when his father died in 1737. A proxy wedding ceremony took place in Modena. It was followed on 29 December 1744 by another ceremony at the Palace of Versailles. According to contemporaries, the marriage between the duke and his wife, now known officially as Serene Highness, duchesse de Penthièvre was reportedly a happy one with numerous children.
- Louis Marie de Bourbon (1746-1749);
- Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe (1747-1768);
- Jean Marie de Bourbon (1748-1755), duc de Châteauvillain;
- Vincent Marie Louis de Bourbon (1750-1752), comte de Guingamp;
- Marie Louise de Bourbon (1751-1753);
- Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (1753-1821);
- Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon (1754), died at birth.
Only two of the Penthièvre children survived into adulthood. Marie Thérèse died at the Château de Rambouillet after giving birth to Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon, who died soon afterwards. Originally buried in the chapel at Rambouillet, after the Bourbon Restoration in the early 19th century, she was later moved to the Chapelle royale de Dreux by her daughter.
- Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, her second but only surviving son, married Princess Marie Louise of Savoy, who after his death became the favourite of the future Queen Marie Antoinette.
- Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, her youngest and only surviving daughter, went on to marry the Duke of Chartres, born Louis Philippe Joseph of Orléans. It is through Louise Marie Adelaide that Marie Thérèse is an ancestor of many of the royal houses of Europe.
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