Maria of Yugoslavia
|Maria of Yugoslavia|
|Queen consort of Yugoslavia; prev. Queen consort of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes|
|Spouse||Alexander I of Yugoslavia|
|Issue||Peter II of Yugoslavia
|House||Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (by birth)
Karađorđević (by marriage)
|Father||Ferdinand I of Romania|
|Mother||Marie of Romania|
6 January 1900|
Gotha, German Empire
|Died||22 June 1961
|Burial||Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, Windsor (1961–2013)
Royal Mausoleum Oplenac, Serbia (since 2013)
Queen Maria of Yugoslavia
|Reference style||Her Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Majesty|
Maria of Romania (Serbian: Marija Karađorđević, Марија Карађорђевић;Romanian: 'Maria, Principesă a României'; 6 January 1900 – 22 June 1961) was the Queen of Yugoslavia as the wife of King Alexander. Her citizenship was revoked and her property confiscated by the communist Presidium of Yugoslavia in 1947, for which she was rehabilitated in 2014.
She was born in Gotha, Thuringia, in Germany, during the reigns of her maternal grandfather Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and her grand-uncle King Carol I of Romania. She was known as Mignon in the family to distinguish her from her mother. Her parents were Marie of Edinburgh and Ferdinand of Romania. She had three brothers and two sisters: Carol, future King of Romania (Carol II); Nicholas, Prince of Romania; Elisabeta, Princess of Romania and future Queen of Greece; Ileana, Princess of Romania and future Archduchess of Austria (Tuscan line); and another brother, Mircea, who died at age three.
During World War I, she worked as a nurse with her mother.
Marriage and children
Following the assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia in Marseille in 1934, her oldest son became Peter II of Yugoslavia, the last Yugoslav king. She was given the title Queen Mother of Yugoslavia in 1941. She moved to a farm in England and lived a relatively normal life without royal extravagance. Maria was well educated. She spoke several languages fluently and enjoyed painting and sculpting. She also drove a car by herself, which was very unusual for royalty at the time.
She died in exile in London on 22 June 1961 and was interred at the Royal Burial Ground at Frogmore, which adjoins Windsor Castle before her remains were transferred to Serbia in April 2013 and re-interred on 26 May 2013 in Oplenac, Serbia.
Queen Maria was popular and respected by the Serbian public, and is still well thought of in the region. She was regarded as an ideal wife and mother according to the contemporary Serbian ideal and described as a humble person. She was engaged in several social projects. In the eyes of the Serbian people, she remains one of the greateast patrons of charities in Serbia.
Streets are named in her memory, such as “Ulica kraljice Marije” or “Queen Maria Street”, and numerous schools and other organizations still carry her name.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 6 January 1900 – 8 June 1922: His Royal Highness Princess Maria of Romania, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
- 8 June 1922 – 9 October 1934: Her Majesty Queen of Yugoslavia
- 9 October 1934 – 29 November 1945: Her Majesty Queen Maria The Queen Mother
- Romania: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Carol I
- Romania: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Romania
- Kingdom of Yugoslavia: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Karađorđe
- Crnjanski Spasojević, V. "Rehabilitovana kraljica Marija Karađorđević". Večernje novosti. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
- "Yugoslavia's exiled queen". Daily Telegraph.
- Yugoslavia's exiled Queen returns home at long last
- Order of the Star of Karađorđe
Maria of Yugoslavia
Cadet branch of the House of HohenzollernBorn: 6 January 1900 Died: 22 June 1961
Title last held byDraga Obrenović
as Queen consort of Serbia
|Queen consort of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
later of Yugoslavia
8 June 1922 – 9 October 1934
Title next held byAlexandra of Greece and Denmark