Maria of Yugoslavia

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For her mother, see Marie of Romania.
Maria of Yugoslavia
Kraljica marija.jpg
Queen consort of Yugoslavia; prev. Queen consort of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
Tenure 1922–1934
Spouse Alexander I of Yugoslavia
Issue Peter II of Yugoslavia
Prince Tomislav
Prince Andrew
House House of Karađorđević
House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Father Ferdinand I of Romania
Mother Marie of Romania
Born (1900-01-06)6 January 1900
Gotha, German Empire
Died 22 June 1961(1961-06-22) (aged 61)
London, England
Burial Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, Windsor (1961–2013)
Oplenac, Serbia (since 2013)
Religion Eastern Orthodox
Styles of
Queen Maria of Yugoslavia
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

Maria of Romania (Serbian: Marija Karađorđević, Марија Карађорђевић; 6 January 1900 – 22 June 1961) was the Queen of Yugoslavia as the wife of King Alexander. Her citizenship was revoked and her property confiscated by the communist Presidium of Yugoslavia in 1947, for which she was rehabilitated in 2014.[1]

Early life[edit]

She was born in Gotha, Thuringia, in Germany, during the reigns of her maternal grandfather Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and her grand-uncle King Carol I of Romania. She was known as Mignon in the family to distinguish her from her mother. Her parents were Marie of Edinburgh and Ferdinand of Romania. She had three brothers and two sisters: Carol, future King of Romania (Carol II); Nicholas, Prince of Romania; Elisabeta, Princess of Romania and future Queen of Greece; Ileana, Princess of Romania and future Archduchess of Austria (Tuscan line); and another brother, Mircea, who died at age three.

During World War I, she worked as a nurse with her mother.

Marriage and children[edit]

Royal Monogram of Queen Maria of Yugoslavia

Maria married Alexander I of Yugoslavia, King of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Belgrade on 8 June 1922, and had three sons:

Following the assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia in Marseille in 1934, her oldest son became Peter II of Yugoslavia, the last Yugoslav king. She was given the title Queen Mother of Yugoslavia in 1941. She moved to a farm in England and lived a relatively normal life without royal extravagance. Maria was well educated. She spoke several languages fluently and enjoyed painting and sculpting. She also drove a car by herself, which was very unusual for royalty at the time.[2]

She died in exile in London on 22 June 1961 and was interred at the Royal Burial Ground at Frogmore, which adjoins Windsor Castle before her remains were transferred to Serbia in April 2013 and re-interred on 26 May 2013 in Oplenac, Serbia.[3]

Humanitarian work[edit]

Queen Maria was popular and respected by the Serbian public, and is still well thought of in the region. She was regarded as an ideal wife and mother according to the contemporary Serbian ideal and described as a humble person. She was engaged in several social projects. In the eyes of the Serbian people, she remains one of the greateast patrons of charities in Serbia.[citation needed]

Streets are named in her memory, such as “Ulica kraljice Marije” or “Queen Maria Street”, and numerous schools and other organizations still carry her name.[citation needed]

Titles, styles, and honours[edit]

Honours

Ancestors[edit]

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Serbian Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Maria of Yugoslavia
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 6 January 1900 Died: 22 June 1961
Yugoslavian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Draga Obrenović
as Queen consort of Serbia
Queen consort of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
later of Yugoslavia

8 June 1922–9 October 1934
Vacant
Title next held by
Alexandra of Greece and Denmark