Mariamite Maronite Order

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Maronites

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History
Mardaites
County of Tripoli
Ottoman rule (1860 conflict  · Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate)
1958 Lebanon crisis  · Greater Lebanon
Lebanese Civil War (South Lebanon conflict  · Taif Agreement)

Religious affiliation
Maronite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East
Lebanese Maronite Order
Mar Bechara Boutros Raï

Politics
Lebanese politics
Lebanese nationalism
Phoenicianism
Kataeb Party  · Lebanese Forces  · Free Patriotic Movement

Languages
Arabic (Lebanese Arabic  · Cypriot Arabic)  · Aramaic (Syriac)

Communities
Cyprus · Israel · Lebanon · Jordan · Syria
Diaspora

The Mariamite Maronite Order (known also as Aleppians or Halabites), is a monastic order in the Levantine Catholic Maronite Church, which from the beginning has been specifically a monastic Church. The order was founded in 1694 in the Monastery of Mart Moura, Ehden, Lebanon, by three Maronite young men from Aleppo, Syria, under the patronage of Patriarch Estephan Douaihy (1670–1704).

Its name comes from the Arabic Halabiyyah (Arabic: الرهبنة الحلبية ‎), city of Aleppo monks. It is one of the three Lebanese congregations founded by Saint Anthony the Great. The name is in reference to the origin of the founders and first members of the order. On April 9, 1969, the name of the order was changed to the Mariamite Maronite Order, Ordo Maronita Mariamita and in its full Latin form: Ordo Maronita Beatae Mariae Virginis.

The second order is the Baladites (or Baladiyyah), country monks, the antonym of Halabiyyah. This order resulted from a split with the Aleppians. Pope Clement XIV sanctioned this separation in 1770.

The third Lebanese monastic order is the Antonin Maronite Order founded on August 15, 1700, by the Patriarch Gabriel of Blaouza (1704–1705).

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