Marian Filar

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Marian Filar (December 17, 1917 – July 10, 2012) was a Polish-born American-based concert pianist and virtuoso.

Early life[edit]

Filar was born in Warsaw, Poland to a musical Jewish family and began studying piano at the age of five. A year or so later he gave his first recital at the Warsaw Conservatory as a wunderkind. When 12 years of age, he played Mozart's Concerto in D Minor with the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra. He again played with the Orchestra the following year and gained the interest of Zbigniew Drzewiecki, the noted piano teacher at the Warsaw Conservatory with whom he studied until the outbreak of the Second World War.

Second World War[edit]

Filar was imprisoned during World War II in seven different Nazi concentration camps. In the first death camp, Majdanek, he almost died from malnutrition and infection. He escaped being sent to the gas chambers despite his legs being so swollen from malnutrition that he was barely able to stand. After being liberated by the Polish Army he returned to the piano although he did consider studying medicine.[citation needed]

Subsequent career[edit]

While playing recitals in Frankfurt, Germany for the Allied Forces, he went to Wiesbaden, Germany where he sought advice from the renowned German pianist, Walter Gieseking who told him not to quit piano. Filar studied with Gieseking for five years and toured all over Europe playing recitals and concerts. During this period (1945–50) he also performed very frequently on German and other European radio programs.[citation needed]

He arrived in the United States in 1950, and has lived there since. His American debut was at the Chautauqua Amphitheater where he played Chopin's Concerto in F Minor and received sensational critiques. Invited to join the Philadelphia Orchestra under the direction of Eugene Ormandy he performed regularly in Philadelphia with the Orchestra. In 1951, Filar recorded renditions of six nocturnes, Chopin's Sonata in B Minor, for the now-defunct Colosseum Record Co. in New York. He made a second recording of 4 preludes by Karol Szymanowski and Etude No 3 in B flat Minor Opus 3[citation needed], as well as Franciszek Brzezinski]'s Theme with Variations.

He debuted in Carnegie Hall on January 1, 1952. Filar subsequently continued his career as a concert pianist all over the United States and South America as well as in Europe, while teaching at the Settlement School of Music in Philadelphia from 1953 to 1958. He was appointed to the chair at the Temple University School of Music piano department in 1958. Prof. Filar retired from teaching at Temple University in 1988 though he remained an Emeritus Professor in the Boyer School of Music and Dance. In 1992 he went to Poland where he played with the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra once again.[citation needed]

In 2002, he co-authored a book about his life during and after World War II entitled From Buchenwald to Carnegie Hall'.[1]

Death[edit]

Filar died in Wyncote, Pennsylvania on July 10, 2012, aged 94.[2]

Marian Filar's other recordings
Composer Piece Orchestra Conductor
Chopin Piano Concerto No. 1 in E Minor Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra Erik Tuxsen
Chopin Piano Concerto No. 2 in F Minor Bavarian Symphony Orchestra Rafael Kubelik)
Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto in B flat Major{fact} Washington National Symphony Orchestra Emerson Meyers
Schumann Piano Concerto in A Minor Orchestra Sinfonica, São Paulo, Brasil
Chopin Prelude in D Minor Op. 28 No. 24
Chopin Mazurka in F sharp Minor Op. 6 No 1
Tauriello Toccata
Chopin Nocturne: E flat Major Op.9 no.2
Chopin Nocturne: C sharp Minor Op. 27 No. 1
Chopin Nocturne: D flat Major Op. 27 No 2
Chopin Nocturne: E flat Major Op. 55 No. 2
Chopin Nocturne: E flat Minor Op. 72 No. 1
Chopin Nocturne: C sharp Minor Lento con gran espressione (posthumous)
Chopin Polonaise in C flat Minor No. 1
Chopin Nocturne in C flat Minor Op. 27 No. 1[citation needed]
Chopin Ballade No. 1 in G minor Op. 23 No. 1
Chopin Etude in E Major Op. 10 No.3
Chopin Barcarolle Op. 60
Chopin Scherzo in B-flat minor Op. 31 No.2
Chopin Mazurka in C sharp Minor Op. 63 No. 3
Chopin Polonaise in A flat Major No. 6
Chopin Fantasie in F Minor Op. 49

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Buchenwald to Carnegie Hall". University Press of Mississippe. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Naedele, Walter. "Pianist, concentration camp survivor Marian Filar". Philly.com. Retrieved 14 July 2012.