|President of Moldova
30 December 2010 – 23 March 2012
|Prime Minister||Vlad Filat|
|Preceded by||Vlad Filat (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Nicolae Timofti|
|President of Parliament|
30 November 2010
|Preceded by||Mihai Ghimpu|
24 March 2005 – 5 May 2009
|Preceded by||Eugenia Ostapciuc|
|Succeeded by||Ivan Călin (Acting)|
20 June 1966 |
Bălți, Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party (Before 1991)
Party of Communists (1993–2009)
Democratic Party (2009–present)
|Alliance for European Integration (2009–present)|
|Alma mater||Moldova State University
Plekhanov Moscow Institute of the National Economy
Background and education
Marian Lupu was born on 20 June 1966 in Bălţi, but he and his family moved to Chişinău when he was 6 years old. His parents gave him the nickname Marcel, because they liked the Romanian accordion musician Marcel Budală (1926–1989). His father, Ilie Ion Lupu (b. 1938), was a mathematics professor at the Moldova State University and T. G. Shevchenko University, author, and a political activist of the Communist Party. In the 1990s, his father militated in favour of the re-legalization of the Communist Party after being banned in 1991. Ilie Ion Lupu met Vladimir Voronin only once, in 2008, at a ceremony where he was presented the Order of Work Merit. His mother taught French language at the Nicolae Testemiţanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy. He had been a member of Komsomol from 1980 until 1988 and a Member of Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1988 to 1991.
Until 1983, Lupu studied at "Gheorghe Asachi" High School of Chişinău. He studied Economics at Moldova State University (until 1987) and at Plekhanov Moscow Institute of the National Economy (1987–1991) in Moscow where he obtained his Ph.D in Economics. Lupu also attended stages at the Institute of the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C. (1994) and World Trade Organization in Geneva (1996).
He was named as Vice Minister of the Economy in the new Communist Tarlev cabinet in June 2001. Two years later in August 2003, Lupu was promoted to full Minister of the Economy (5 August 2003 - 24 March 2005).
President of the Moldovan Parliament
After the Communists won re-election in 2005, Lupu was once again promoted, this time as Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament. Marian Lupu was Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament from March 2005 to May 2009. But in December 2008, Lupu was not included by president Vladimir Voronin in the composition of the Supreme Security Council. Lupu was a high-ranking member of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova and was considered to be a leading candidate to become the next Prime Minister after Zinaida Greceanîi stepped down; however, shortly before the second (unsuccessful) attempt to elect the next president on 3 June 2009, he left the PCRM, stating that it was not possible to reform the PCRM from within. Subsequently he was offered membership and even leadership in the Democratic Party of Moldova, which had not cleared the electoral threshold in the first elections in 2009.
Alliance For European Integration
President of Moldova
- Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty (11 June 2009). "Moldovan Centrist Party Courts Communist Defector". Retrieved 10 June 2012.
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