Marian Spychalski

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Marshal of Poland
Marian Spychalski
Marian Spychalski.jpg
Marian Spychalski in 1965
Nickname(s) Marek, Orka
Born 6 December 1906 (1906-12-06)
Łódź, Piotrków Governorate, Congress Poland, Russian Empire
Died 7 June 1980 (1980-06-08) (aged 73)
Warsaw, Poland
Buried at Warsaw, Poland
Allegiance  Poland
Years of service 1944 - 1949, 1956 - 1968
Rank Marshal of Poland
Commands held Gwardia Ludowa
Defence Minister
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej
Other work architect, politician

Marian "Marek" Spychalski pronounced [ˈmarjan spɨˈxalskʲi] (6 December 1906 – 7 June 1980) was a Polish architect in the interbellum, military commander, and communist politician. During World War II he belonged to the Soviet-led underground forces operating within Poland and was one of the leaders of the communist resistance movement Gwardia Ludowa (People's Guard), then Armia Ludowa (People's Army).[1]

In 1943 as part of the subversive Soviet effort to destroy Polish independence and resistance movement associated with the Polish government-in-exile, he denounced to the Gestapo various members of the Polish resistance organizations.[2]

Career[edit]

Spychalski (centre)
with Świerczewski (right) and Rola-Żymierski, 1945

Born to a working-class family in Łódź, Spychalski graduated from the Faculty of Architecture at the Warsaw University of Technology in 1931. He was a member of the Communist Party of Poland since 1931, then Polish Workers' Party since 1942, and Polish United Workers' Party since 1948.[1]

After the war he held a number of offices in the communist government of Poland, one of his first being that of mayor of Warsaw (18 September 1944 – March 1945), technically still while the war was in progress. Among other posts, he was a long-time member of the Sejm (parliament) and, between 1968 and 1970, the chairman of the Council of State (the de iure head of state in the People's Republic of Poland).[1]

He was imprisoned during the purges in 1949–53 and was only released from prison in 1956 to become Polish Minister of Defense, replacing the Soviet marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky.

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Ochab
Chairman of the Polish Council of State
1968–1970
Succeeded by
Józef Cyrankiewicz

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Michał Nogaś, Wojciech Włodarczyk. (2011-06-17). "Marszałek Polski Marian Spychalski". Polskie Radio. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Bułhak, Władysław Komunistyczny donos do gestapo Rzeczpospolita 5–6 maja 2007