||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (August 2010)|
|Born||Marianne Stefanie Paula Henni Gertrud Hoppe
April 26, 1909
|Died||October 23, 2002
|Spouse(s)||Gustaf Gründgens (1936–1946) (divorced)|
|Children||Benedikt Johann Percy|
Life and work
Born in Rostock, Marianne Hoppe became a leading lady of stage and films in Germany. She was born into a wealthy land owning family and was initially privately educated on her father's private estate. Later she attended school in Berlin and in Weimar, where she began to attend theatre.
Hoppe first performed at 17 as a member of Berlin's Deutsches Theater under director Max Reinhardt. In 1935 she was hired by the controversial German actor and Director of the Prussian State Theatre under the Third Reich, Gustav Gründgens. They were married from 1936-1946. Speaking years after the marriage had ended Hoppe stated, "He was my love, but never my great love, that was work." One of the characters in the film Mephisto is based on her. Another is based on Gründgens. Hoppe made no secret of her contacts with the Nazi elite in the 1930s and 40's, including being invited to dinner by Hitler. Her role in Der Schimmelreiter (The Rider of the White Horse, 1933) made her famous almost overnight, while her "Aryan" face made her a darling of the Nazi elite. Later Hoppe would label this period of her life as "the black page in my golden book".
During her time acting at the home of the Prussian State Theatre, the Schauspielhaus, Hoppe developed her analytical approach to acting, which she stated consisted in her "taking apart every sentence" and giving the use of language a brilliance. This method was to be associated with Hoppe throughout her working life. 1946 her only child Benedict Hoppe was born.
Four years later after her divorce from Gründgens, Hoppe had a great success as Blanche Dubois in Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire, and increasingly played avant-garde roles, written by authors such as Heiner Muller (Quartett, 1994) and Thomas Bernhard, who became her partner in private life as well. She became a favourite of the young and iconoclastic directors Claus Peymann, Robert Wilson and Frank Castorf.
Hoppe died in Siegsdorf, Bavaria, in 2002 from natural causes, aged 93. "German theater has lost its queen," said Claus Peymann of the Berliner Ensemble, whose theatre featured Hoppe's last performance, in Bertolt Brecht's Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, in December 1997. In one of her last interviews Hoppe stated, "I have a go at happiness every day. That takes discipline, a virtue every halfway decent actor should have."
- Der Schimmelreiter (1934)
- Kapriolen (1937)
- The False Step (1939)
- Kongo-Express (1939)
- Goodbye, Franziska (1941)
- Romanze in Moll (1943)
- I Need You (1944)
- Thirteen Old Donkeys (1958)
- The Strange Countess (1961)
- Treasure of the Silver Lake (1962)
- Ten Little Indians (1965)
- The Wrong Move (1975)
- Bei Thea (1988)
- Obituary: Marianne Hoppe. The Independent (London). October 29, 2002.
- Obituary, New York Times, November 2, 2002