Mariano Azuela González (January 1, 1873 – March 1, 1952) was a Mexican author and physician, best known for his fictional stories of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. He wrote novels, works for theatre and literary criticism.
Among Azuela's first published writing were some short pieces for the magazine Gil Blas Cómico, where he wrote under the pen name of "Beleño", and his writing published under the heading "Impressions of a Student" in 1896.
Azuela was born in Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco. He studied medicine in Guadalajara, Jalisco. He received his M.D. in 1899, practicing medicine first in his home town of Lagos de Moreno, and later, after the Mexican revolution, practiced in Mexico City. During his days in the Mexican Revolution, Azuela wrote about the war and its impact on Mexico. He served under president Francisco I. Madero as chief of political affairs in Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco - his home town. After Madero's death, he joined joined the Constitutionalist cause that sought to restore the rule of law. He traveled with the military forces of Julián Medina, a follower of Pancho Villa, where he served as a field doctor. His participation in the conflict gave him ample material to write Los de abajo (The Underdogs) (1915). He later was forced for a time to emigrate to El Paso, Texas. It was there that he wrote Los de abajo, which was his first-hand description of combat during the Mexican revolution, based on his experiences in the field. In 1917 he moved to Mexico City where, for the rest of his life, he continued his writing, and worked as a doctor among the poor.
In 1942 he received the Mexican national prize for literature. On April 8, 1943 he became a founding member of Mexico's National College. In 1949 he received the Mexican national prize for Arts and Sciences. He died in Mexico City March 1, 1952 and was placed in a sepulchre of the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres.
Partial list of works
- María Luisa (1907).
- La rueda del aire (1908, The Air Wheel ).
- Los fracasados (1908, The Losers).
- Los triunfadores (1909, The Winners).
- Mala yerba (1909, Bad Weed).
- Andrés Pérez, maderista (1911, Andrés Pérez, a Supporter of Madero).
- Sin Amor (1912, Without Love).
- Los de abajo (1915, The Underdogs) Partial Critical Edition.
- Los caciques (1917, The Bosses).
- Las moscas (1918, The Flies).
- Las tribulaciones de una familia decente (1918, The Tribulations of a Decent Family).
- El camarada Pantoja (1937, Comrade Pantoja)
- San Gabriel De Valdivias: Comunidad Indegena (1938, San Gabriel de Valdivias: Indigenous Community).
- Regina Landa (1939).
- Niño (1939, Child)
- Avanzada (1940, Advanced).
- La nueva burguesía (1941, The New Bourgeoisie).
- La mar chanta (1944, The Unreliable Sea).
- La mujer domada (1946, The Woman Shrew).
- Sendas perdidas (1949 Lost roads).
- La maldición (1955, The Curse [published posthumously]).
- Esa sangre (1956, That Blood [published posthumously]).
- Pedro Moreno (1935).
- Precursores (1935, Precursors).
- La malhora (1923, Evil Hour).
- El desquite (1925, The Revenge).
- La luciérnaga (1932, The Firefly).
- Cien años de novela mexicana (1947, One Hundred Years of the Mexican Novel).
Partial list of works translated into English
- The Underdogs (1929). New York: Brentano's.
- Marcela: A Mexican Love Story (1932). Anita Brenner, Trans. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Incorporated. (A translation of Mala yerba)
- Two Novels of Mexico: The Flies. The Bosses (1956). Lesley Byrd Simpson, Trans. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- The Underdogs (1963). Enrique Munguía, Trans. New York: New American Library.
- Two Novels of the Mexican Revolution (1963). Frances Kellam Hendricks and Beatrice Berler, Trans. San Antonio, Texas: Principia Press of Trinity University. (The Trials of a Respectable Family, and The Underdogs.)
- Three Novels (1979). Frances Kellam Hendricks and Beatrice Berler, Trans. San Antonio, Texas: Trinity University Press. (The Trials of a Respectable Family, The Underdogs, and The Firefly.)
- "Mariano Azuela". Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago, IL: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. 2013.
- This article partially draws on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, accessed 04:37, Nov 21, 2004 (UTC).
- That appears to have been drawn largely from his official biography at the Colegio Nacional, México. Re-accessed Sept 9, 2005.