Mariano Ignacio Prado

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Mariano Ignacio Prado
Mariano Prado.jpg
Interim President of Peru
In office
April 25, 1865 – June 24, 1865
Preceded by Juan Antonio Pezet
Succeeded by Juan Antonio Pezet
18th President of Peru
In office
November 28, 1865 – January 7, 1868
Preceded by Pedro Diez Canseco
Succeeded by Pedro Diez Canseco
21st President of Peru
In office
August 2, 1876 – December 23, 1879
Preceded by Manuel Pardo
Succeeded by Nicolás de Piérola
Personal details
Born 1826
Died 1901
Profession Army General

Mariano Ignacio Prado Ochoa (December 18, 1826 – May 5, 1901) was twice the President of Peru, from 1865 to 1868 and 1876 to 1879).

Biography[edit]

Born in Huánuco in 1826, he entered the army at an early age and served in the provinces of Southern Peru.

After a coup which overthrew Juan Antonio Pezet's government, Prado assumed the dictatorship of the country in 1865. He only served in that position for two months, leaving Pedro Diez Canseco as a provisional president for less than a month. Prado's intentions were to participate in that year's elections which, surprisingly, he won. He defended Peru against Spanish aggression at the Battle of Callao on May 2, 1866. His first presidency lasted until 1868 when he had to resign under pressure from the Peruvian Congress.

After Manuel Pardo's presidential term ended in 1876, Prado was elected president again on August 2 of that year. His second term was marked with the War of the Pacific (1879–1884) which broke out with Chile. Prado took active measures to prepare for defence by leaving for Tacna and later Tarapacá (where he met Bolivian president Hilarión Daza), with the intention of taking command of the armies assembling there. He assessed Peru was not ready for the war and decided to go back to Lima to prepare and send back new reinforcements.

In the course of these deliberations, Prado left his vice-president La Puerta in charge and decided to leave for Europe to buy more armament and obtain more money for the war. Prado wrote a manifesto to the nation explaining the difficulties of the war and that those "circumstances forced him to leave the country to acquire armament to defend the honor of the Homeland". Many Peruvians took this as a cowardly act and excuse for his inability to govern in the middle of the war, which led Nicolás de Piérola to stage a successful coup d'état and later declared himself commander-in-chief on December 23, 1879. Prado did not return to Peru until the end of the war, having defected to Chile, where he was made a General. The funds entrusted to him for the war effort were misplaced in Chilean coal mines, which considerably increased his personal wealth.

His newly acquired fortune enabled him to move back to Europe; he died in Paris, France in 1901. His son Leoncio Prado, killed during the War of the Pacific, is one of the traditional heroes of Peru, while the other son Manuel Prado Ugarteche was two times President of Peru.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

1. ↑ Mazzei de Grazia, Leonardo (2000). «Gestiones empresariales de un norteamericano en Concepción en el siglo XIX: Guillermo Gibson Délano». Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Concepción.. Consultado el 31 Ene 2007.


Preceded by
Juan Antonio Pezet
President of Peru
April 1865 – June 1865
Succeeded by
Juan Antonio Pezet
Preceded by
Pedro José Calderón
Prime Minister of Peru
November 9, 1865 – June 1867
Succeeded by
Pedro J. Saavedra
Preceded by
Pedro Diez Canseco
President of Peru
November 1865 – January 1868
Succeeded by
Pedro Diez Canseco
Preceded by
Manuel Pardo
President of Peru
August 1876 – December 1879
Succeeded by
Nicolás de Piérola