Mariano Jesús Cuenco

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Mariano Jesús D. Cuenco
Cuenco.gif
4th President of the Senate of the Philippines
In office
February 21, 1949 – December 30, 1951
President Elpidio Quirino
Preceded by Jose Avelino
Succeeded by Quintin Paredes
Senator of the Philippines
In office
May 25, 1946 – December 30, 1951
In office
December 30, 1953 – February 25, 1964
Secretary of Public Works and Communications of the Philippines
In office
1936–1939
President Manuel L. Quezon
Preceded by Antonio de las Alas
Succeeded by Jose Avelino
Governor of Cebu
In office
1931–1934
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Cebu's 5th district
In office
1912–1928
Preceded by Troadio Galicano
Succeeded by Tomas Alonzo
Personal details
Born January 16, 1888
Carmen, Cebu
Died February 25, 1964
Political party Liberal Party
(from 1945)
Nacionalista Party
(till 1945)

Mariano Jesús Diosomito Cuenco (January 16, 1888 – February 25, 1964) was a Filipino Cebuano politician and writer.

Early life[edit]

Cuenco was born in Carmen, Cebu on January 16, 1888, to Mariano Albao Cuenco and Remedios López Diosomito. He studied at the Colegio de San Carlos of Cebu, where he graduated in 1904 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He finished law in 1911 at the Escuela de Derecho (later became the Manila Law School) and passed the bar examinations in 1913.

Political career[edit]

Cuenco entered politics in 1912 when he was elected to the Philippine Assembly representing the fifth district of Cebu. He was re-elected from 1916 to 1928. He ran for the governorship of Cebu in 1931 and became the President of the League of Provincial Governors of the Philippines. In 1934, he was elected delegate to the Constitutional Convention where he was chosen floor leader. Cuenco was Secretary of Public Works and Communications from 1936 to 1939. He was also appointed Acting Secretary of the agriculture, commerce and labor departments while serving as Secretary of Public Works and Communications in 1938.

In 1941, Cuenco was elected Senator of the Philippines but the onset of the Second World War prevented that Senate from going into session. After the Japanese Occupation, Cuenco was reelected to the Senate in 1946. From 1949 to 1951, he served as Senate President and Chairman of the Commission on Appointments. His term paved the way for many reforms and his significant contributions resulted in a more efficient legislative body.

As a member of the Liberal Party of incumbent President Elpidio Quirino, Senate President Cuenco was defeated in his bid for reelection in the Nacionalista Party shut-out during the 1951 Philippine general election. He ran and regained his seat as a Senator once again in 1953 and 1959. He continued serving in the Philippine Senate until his death in office in 1964.

Writer[edit]

Cuenco was also known as a prolific writer. He was the publisher of the Spanish–language newspaper El Precursor of Cebu, a newspaper which ran from 1907 until the eve of World War II. In 1947, he founded The Republic. In 1926, he became a member of the Academia Filipina Correspondiente de la Real Española de la Lengua. He was honored by the Spanish government with the decoration Gran Cruz de Isabela la Catolica and by the Holy See with the decoration Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice.

Cuenco also wrote in Visayan. Ang Republikang Pilipinhon, Codigo and Roma are among his works. His pen name was "Lauro Katindog."

Personal life[edit]

He was married twice, first to Filomena Alesna, and years after she died, to Rosa Cayetano.

Cuenco died on February 25, 1964.

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
José Avelino
President of the Senate of the Philippines
1949–1951
Succeeded by
Quintin Paredes