Mariano José de Larra
|Mariano José de Larra|
24 March 1809|
|Died||13 February 1837
|Occupation||Journalist, novelist, playwright, politician|
Mariano José de Larra (24 March 1809 – 13 February 1837) was a Spanish romantic writer best known for his numerous essays, and his infamous suicide. His works were often satirical and critical of the 19th-century Spanish society, and focused on both the politics and customs of his time.
Larra lived long enough to prove himself a great prose-writer during the 19th century. He wrote at great speed with the constant fear of censor before his eyes, although no sign of haste is discernible in his work. His political instinct, his abundance of ideas and his forcible, mordant style, would possibly have given him one of the foremost positions in Spain.
He was born in Madrid; his father served as a regimental doctor in the French army, and, as an afrancesado, was compelled to leave the Peninsula with his family in 1812. In 1817 Larra returned to Spain, knowing less Spanish than French. His nature was disorderly, his education was imperfect, and, after futile attempts to obtain a degree in medicine or law, he made an imprudent marriage at the age of twenty, broke with his relatives and became a journalist.
On the 27th of April 1831 he produced his first play, No más mostrador, based on two pieces by Scribe and Dieulafoy. On the 24th of September 1834 he produced Macías, a play based on his own historical novel, El doncel de don Enrique el Doliente (1834).
The drama and novel are interesting as experiments, but Larra was essentially a journalist, and the increased liberty of the press after the death of Ferdinand VII gave his caustic talent an ampler field. He was already famous under the pseudonyms of Juan Pérez de Munguía and Fígaro which he used in El Pobrecito Hablador and La Revista Española respectively. Madrid laughed at his grim humour; ministers feared his vitriolic pen and courted him assiduously; he defended Liberalism against the Carlist rebellion; he was elected as deputy for Ávila, and a great career seemed to lie before him. But the era of military pronunciamientos ruined his personal prospects and patriotic plans. His writing took on a more sombre tinge; domestic troubles increased his pessimism, and, in consequence of a disastrous love-affair, he committed suicide by gunshot in February 1837.
- Some of his phrases like Vuelva usted mañana (come back tomorrow) or Escribir en España es llorar (To write in Spain is to cry) are still applied to chastise present-day ills.
- The Spanish-language clone of the Slashdot Internet forum, Barrapunto, uses Pobrecito Hablador ("Poor little talker") as the name for anonymous commenters.
- The Premio Mariano José de Larra rewards young outstanding journalists in Spain.
- The National Museum of Romanticism in Madrid has items relating to Mariano José de Larra.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Larra, Mariano José de". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Works by Mariano José de Larra at Project Gutenberg
- Mariano José de Larra in the Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes.
- Proyecto Mariano José de Larra en Internet
- Mariano José de Larra: text, concordances and frequency list
- Las obras completas de Mariano José de Larra en la Google Books: Tomo I, Tomo II, Tomo III
- El Doncel don Enrique el Doliente Búsqueda de textos en Google Books
- Miranda de Larra: “Larra no se mató por una mujer, sólo fue la gota que colmó el vaso”