Marie-Denise Villers

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Marie-Denise Villers
Villers Young Woman Drawing.jpg
Marie-Denise Villers, detail of Young Woman Drawing, 1801, oil on canvas. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
Born Marie-Denise Lemoine
1774
Paris
Died 19 August 1821
Known for portrait painting
Movement Neoclassicism

Marie-Denise Villers (1774 – 19 August 1821) was a French painter, who specialized in portraits.

Life[edit]

Villers was born Marie-Denise Lemoine in Paris. She came from an artistic family, and her sisters Marie-Victoire Lemoine and Marie-Élisabeth Gabiou were also accomplished artists.

In 1794, she married an architecture student, Michel-Jean-Maximilien Villers. Villers was a student of the French painter Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson and also took lessons with François Gérard and Jacques-Louis David.

She first exhibited artwork at the Paris Salon of the Year VII (1799). Villers' most famous painting, Young Woman Drawing, (1801) is displayed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The painting was initially attributed to Jacques-Louis David and then to another of his female pupils, Constance Marie Charpentier, but is now recognized as Villers' work.[1] Art historian Anne Higonnet argues that Young Woman Drawing is a self-portrait.[2]

Villers exhibited Study of a young woman sitting on a window at the Salon of 1801, followed in 1802 by a genre painting entitled A child in its cradle. Her last known work is a portrait of the Duchess of Angoulême, exhibited in 1814.

Works[edit]

  • "La Peinture. Une Bacchante endormie", 1799. (Painting. A Bacchante sleeping)
  • "Étude d’une jeune femme assise sur une fenêtre", 1800-1801. (Study of a young woman sitting on a window)
  • "Jeune femme dessinant," (Young woman drawing) previously known as Portrait of Miss Charlotte du Val Ognes, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1801.
  • "Une étude de femme d’après nature," Presumed Portrait of Madame Soustras, Paris, Louvre Museum
  • "Étude d’une femme à sa toilette". portrait, 1801. (Study of a woman at her toilet.)
  • "Un enfant dans son berceau, entrainé par les eaux de l’inondation du mois de Nivôse an X", 1802. (A child in its cradle, driven by the flood waters of the month X year Nivôse)
  • "Un enfant dans son berceau, entrainé par les eaux de l’inondation du mois de Nivôse an X", taille réduite de l’œuvre de 1802, 1810. (A child in its cradle, driven by the flood waters of the month Nivôse year X)
  • "Une petite fille blonde, tenant une corbeille de jonc remplie de fleurs"; before 1813. (A little blonde girl holding a basket filled with flowers ring)
  • "Portrait de la duchesse d’Angoulême", 1814. (Portrait of the Duchess of Angoulême)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hess, Thomas B. (1971). "Editorial: Is Women's Lib Medieval?". ARTnews 69 (9). 
  2. ^ Higonnet, Anne. “White Dress, Broken Glass: Starting All Over Again in the Age of Revolution.” Norma Hugh Lifton Lecture. School of the Art Institute, Chicago. October 2011.

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.