Marie Elisabeth of Valois
|Marie Elisabeth of Valois|
|Portrait placed ca. 1577/78.|
|Father||Charles IX of France|
|Mother||Elisabeth of Austria|
|Born||27 October 1572
Louvre Palace, Paris
|Died||2 April 1578
Hôtel d’Anjou, Paris
|Burial||Basilica of St Denis|
Marie Elisabeth of France (27 October 1572 – 9 April 1578) was the only child of Charles IX of France and Elisabeth of Austria. Her maternal grandparents were Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain, her paternal grandparents were Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. Her godmother was Elizabeth I of England.  Her father had times of madness, so her grandmother Catherine served as regent. The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre occurred only two months before Marie Elisabeth's birth. When Marie Elisabeth was less than two years of age her father, King Charles IX died and her uncle became Henry III of France. Her mother then returned to Vienna after Maximilian II repaid her dowry, leaving Marie Elisabeth on 25 November 1575, never to see her again. Marie Elisabeth was raised at the court and later in Paris, where she died on 2 April 1578, apparently of frail health, at the age of six.
|Ancestors of Marie Elisabeth of Valois|
- Les princesses de France- Les Derniers Valois. Previously was believed that this portrait belonged to her aunt Margaret of Valois, the later Queen of Navarre, but this was disputed in modern times. The authory of the portrait is also controversial, because the traditional author mentioned in several sources, François Clouet died on 22 December 1572, when Marie Elisabeth was only two months old.
- L’Estoile, Journal, o. c., p. 180.
- Pierre de L’Estoile, Registre-Journal du règne de Henri III, vol. II (1576-1578), Genève: Droz, 1996, p. 180.
- Brantôme, Œuvres complètes, o. c., vol. VIII, p. 248.
- Brantôme, Vie des dames illustres, o. c., II, article XIII, pp. 313-315.
- Weir, pp. 272–275.
- Haag et al., pp. 347–349.
- Jacqueline Boucher, Deux épouses et reines à la fin du XVIe siècle : Louise de Lorraine et Marguerite de France, Saint-Étienne, Publications of the University of Saint-Étienne, 1995, p. 60. In 1580, Queen Margaret of Navarre sold the Hôtel to her Chancellor Guy Du Faur, Seigneur de Pibrac.
- Oraison funebre de treshaute et vertueuse princesse Marie Isabeau de France fille de Treshaut et Treschrestien Roy Charles IX, amateur de toute vertu, et protecteur de la Foy. Pronounced in Notre-Dame of Paris on 11 April 1578, by Arnaud Sorbia, Royal Chaplain. This prayer was published in Lyon in 1578 by Rigaud Benoit, and is preceded by a dedicatory letter to Margaret de Valois, dated 16 April 1578. See Jacqueline Vons (éd.),Dédicace à l’Oraison funèbre et Tombeau de Marie-Élisabeth de France (1572-1578). Documents posted on Cour de France.fr on 3 May 2010 as part of the research project "La médecine à la cour de France". (Cour-de-france.fr: Article 1417).