Marie I, Countess of Boulogne

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Marie I
Countess of Boulogne
Blason Courtenay.svg
Coat of arms of the county of Boulogne
Count of Boulogne
Reign 11 October 1159–1170
Predecessor William I
Successor Matthew
Spouse Matthew of Alsace
m. 1160; div. 1170
Issue Ida, Countess of Boulogne
Mathilde of Flanders, Duchess of Brabant
House House of Blois
Father Stephen of Blois, King of the English
Mother Matilda I, Countess of Boulogne
Born 1136
Died 25 July 1182 (aged c. 46)
St Austrebert, Montreuil
Burial St Austrebert
"Marie of Blois" redirects here. For the 14th-century duchess, see Louis I, Duke of Anjou#Family and issue.

Marie I or Mary (1136 – 25 July 1182 in St Austrebert, Montreuil, France) was the suo jure Countess of Boulogne from 1159 to 1170. She also held the post of Abbess of Romsey for five years until her abduction by Matthew of Alsace, who forced her to marry him.

Early years[edit]

Marie was the youngest daughter of King Stephen of England and his wife Matilda I, Countess of Boulogne.[1] She was born in 1136,[1] one year after her father had succeeded to the English throne. His reign was to be marked by the civil war known as "The Anarchy" during which he fought a series of battles to retain the crown which was claimed by his cousin Empress Matilda.

She had three brothers, Eustace, William, Baldwin, and one sister, Matilda. She also had three illegitimate half-siblings by her father's relationship with a Norman lady known only as Dameta.[1] She became a novice at the Priory of Lillechurch in Kent, but later transferred to Romsey Abbey in Hampshire.[1] The abbey had been rebuilt by her uncle Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester. It was at Romsey that she became a nun sometime between 1148 and 1155. She was elected Abbess of Romsey in 1155,[1] the year following her father's death and the subsequent ascension to the English throne of Empress Matilda's son Henry II. Her brother William had been passed over in the succession.

About four years later, on 11 October 1159, her brother William died in Toulouse. As his marriage to Isabel de Warenne, Countess of Surrey had been childless, Marie, his only surviving sibling, succeeded as the suo jure Countess of Boulogne.[1]

Abduction and forced marriage[edit]

Matthew of Alsace abducted Marie from the abbey in 1160, and forced her to marry him in defiance of her religious vows.[1] He therefore became jure uxoris Count of Boulogne and co-ruler. On 18 December 1161, Pope Alexander III wrote a letter to the Archbishop of Rheims in which he discussed Marie's abduction by Matthew of Alsace and her subsequent constrained marriage.[1] The couple had two daughters:

Marie's marriage to Matthew was annulled in 1170.[1] This was the same year that she gave birth to their youngest daughter, Mathilde in Louvain. Following the annulment, Marie re-entered the religious life as a Benedictine nun at St. Austrebert, Montreuil, where she died on 25 July 1182 at the age of about 46.[1][2] Her former husband Matthew continued to reign as Count of Boulogne until his death in 1173, when their eldest daughter Ida succeeded as countess. Following the death of Ida's daughter, Matilda II, the county of Boulogne eventually passed to Adelaide of Brabant, daughter of Marie's second daughter, Mathilde.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands, Kings of England, 1066-1603). Retrieved 22 September 2011
  2. ^ Weir, Alison. Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. Vintage Books, 2008.
Preceded by
William I
Countess of Boulogne
1159–1170
with Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew