Marie Laurencin

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Marie Laurencin
Marie Laurencin 1949.jpg
Marie Laurencin photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949
Born (1883-10-31)31 October 1883
Paris, France
Died 8 June 1956(1956-06-08) (aged 72)
Paris, France
Known for Painter, Sculpture
Movement Cubism

Marie Laurencin (October 31, 1883 – June 8, 1956) was a French painter and printmaker.[1]

Biography[edit]

Marie Laurencin, 1910-11, Les jeunes filles (Jeune Femmes, Young Girls), oil on canvas, 115 x 146 cm. Exhibited Salon des Indépendants, 1911, Moderna Museet, Stockholm

Laurencin was born in Paris, where she was raised by her mother and lived much of her life. At 18, she studied porcelain painting in Sèvres. She then returned to Paris and continued her art education at the Académie Humbert, where she changed her focus to oil painting.

During the early years of the 20th century, Laurencin was an important figure in the Parisian avant-garde. A member of both the circle of Pablo Picasso, and Cubists associated with the Section d'Or, such as Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri le Fauconnier and Francis Picabia, exhibiting with them at the Salon des Indépendants (1910-1911) and the Salon d'Automne (1911-1912). She became romantically involved with the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, and has often been identified as his muse. In addition, Laurencin had important connections to the salon of the American expatriate and famed lesbian writer Natalie Clifford Barney. She had heterosexual and lesbian affairs.[2]

During the First World War, Laurencin left France for exile in Spain with her German-born husband, Baron Otto von Waëtjen, since through her marriage she had automatically lost her French citizenship. The couple subsequently lived together briefly in Düsseldorf. After they divorced in 1920, she returned to Paris, where she achieved financial success as an artist until the economic depression of the 1930s. During the 1930s she worked as an art instructor at a private school. She lived in Paris until her death.

Work[edit]

Marie Laurencin, 1912, Femme à l'éventail (Woman with a Fan), black and white photograph published in Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Du "Cubisme", Edition Figuière, Paris, 1912
Marie Laurencin, 1911, La Toilette des jeunes filles (Die Jungen Damen), black and white photograph. Exhibited at the 1913 Armory Show, New York, Chicago and Boston
Marie Laurencin, 1913, Le Bal élégant, La Danse à la campagne

Laurencin's works include paintings, watercolors, drawings, and prints. She is known as one of the few female Cubist painters, with Sonia Delaunay, Marie Vorobieff, and Franciska Clausen[citation needed]. While her work shows the influence of Cubist painters Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who was her close friend, she developed a unique approach to abstraction which often centered on the representation of groups of women and female portraits. Her work lies outside the bounds of Cubist norms in her pursuit of a specifically feminine aesthetic by her use of pastel colors and curvilinear forms. Laurencin's insistence on the creation of a visual vocabulary of femininity, which characterized her art until the end of her life, can be seen as a response to what some consider to be the arrogant masculinity of Cubism.[citation needed]

In 1983, on the one hundredth anniversary of Laurencin's birth, the Musée Marie Laurencin opened in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The museum is home to more than 500 of her works and an archive.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Maurice Raynal: Modern French Painters, Ayer Publishing, 1928, ISBN 978-0-405-00735-4, p. 108
  2. ^ http://www.glbtq.com/arts/laurencin_m.html

References[edit]

  • Gere, Charlotte . Marie Laurencin, London - Paris, Flammarion, 1977
  • Groult, Flora . Marie Laurencin, Paris, Mercure de France, 1987
  • Kahn, Elizabeth Louise. "Marie Laurencin: Une Femme Inadaptée" in Feminist Histories of Art Ashgate Publishing, 2003.
  • Marchesseau, Daniel. Marie Laurencin, Tokyo, éd. Kyuryudo & Paris, Hazan, 1981
  • Marchesseau, Daniel. Marie Laurencin, Catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre gravé, Tokyo, éd. Kyuryudo, 1981
  • Marchesseau, Daniel. Marie Laurencin, Catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre peint, 2 vol. Tokyo, éd. Musée Marie Laurencin, 1985 & 1999
  • Marchesseau, Daniel. Marie Laurencin, Cent Œuvres du musée Marie Laurencin, Martigny, Fondation Pierre Gianadda, 1993
  • Marchesseau, Daniel, Marie Laurencin, Paris, Musée Marmottan Monet / Hazan, 2013
  • Otto, Elizabeth. "Memories of Bilitis: Marie Laurencin beyond the Cublist Context," Genders 36 (2002). [1]
  • Pierre, José. Marie Laurencin, Paris, France-Loisirs, 1988
Archives
  • Fonds Marie Laurencin, Bibliothèque littéraire Jacques Doucet, Université de Paris

External links[edit]