Marie Laurent, a.k.a. Madame Marie Pasteur, (Clermont Ferrand, France, 15 January 1826 – married in Strasbourg 29 May 1849, aged 23, buried at the crypt of the Institute Pasteur, Paris, 28 September 1910, aged 84), one of the daughters of the Rector of the Strasbourg Academy was the wife of famous French chemist and bacteriologist Louis Pasteur.
Marie worked as a secretary and science writer to her husband, she worked with him on expanding his first researches, around 1848, on the remarks previously made by Mitscherlich on the different optical properties concerning polarized light of tartaric acid when it came from natural wines, wine lees and when it was synthesized in a laboratory.
It seems that for years afterward, famous crystallographer, physicist and mathematician Jean Baptiste Biot, Madame Marie Pasteur and Louis' father, Jean Joseph cooperated in providing Louis with moral support.
(For instance in a letter by Biot to Louis father: "your son is ours also and we share with Marie all our love for him, too"). There was also philosopher Charles Chappuis in this support network around Louis.
Their eldest daughter Jeanne, died from typhoid fever, aged 9, at Arbois. Then, in 1865, 2 year old Camille died also followed by 12 and a half years old Cécile on 23 May 1866. Only Jean Baptiste and Marie Louise lived to be adults.
- The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century (2 Vol. Set) by Marilyn Bailey OGILVIE (Editor), Joy Dorothy HARVEY(Editor), Taylor and Francis, Kindle Edition, (wireless edition), File Size: 2779 KB, Print Length: 1499 pages