Marie Louise de Rohan
|Countess of Marsan|
|Spouse||Gaston Jean Baptiste de Lorraine|
|Marie Louise Geneviève de Rohan|
|Father||Jules, Prince of Soubise|
|Mother||Anne Julie de Melun|
7 January 1720|
|Died||4 March 1803
Marie Louise de Rohan (Marie Louise Geneviève; 7 January 1720 – 4 March 1803), also known as Madame de Marsan, was the governess of Louis XVI of France and his siblings.
Marie Louise was the only daughter of Jules de Rohan, Prince of Soubise and Anne Julie de Melun. After her parents died of smallpox in 1724 in Paris, she and her brothers lived at Versailles with their uncle, Hercule Mériadec de Rohan, Prince of Guéméné.
Her eldest brother Charles was the same age as Louis XV and became Louis' great companion.
On 4 June 1736, Marie Louise married and the widow of Gaston Jean Baptiste de Lorraine, Count of Marsan and Walhaim, (1721–1743). The wedding nuptials were carried out in the chapel of the hôtel de Mayenne by her great uncle the Cardinal de Soubise. At the age of 23, Marie Louise became a widow as her husband died of smallpox like her parents. Afterwards, she led a pious and reserved life. The couple had no surviving children.
Since 1727, the position of royal governess had been held by some female member of Madame de Marsan's family. Her great-grandmother, Madame de Ventadour, was the governess of the children of Louis de France, Duke of Burgundy, including Louis XV, and then the children of Louis XV himself. In 1735, Ventadour resigned and the post went to Madame de Marsan's aunt, Marie Isabelle de Rohan (1699–1754), the duchesse de Tallard.
When Madame de Tallard died in 1754, Marie Louise was appointed to her aunt's position as royal governess and took over the care of Louis XV's ten children. The widowed and childless Madame de Marsan remained as governess for twenty-two years and taught the future Louis XVI and his siblings. Her favorite charge was the Count of Provence; he in turn called her ma chère petite chère amie.
She remained in her position until 1776, when there was a mass exodus of older nobles from the court because of Queen Marie Antoinette's disdain for formal court etiquette. Marie Louise resigned her post in favour of her niece, the Princess of Guéméné, the wife of Henri Louis, Prince of Guéméné.
In 1789, at the beginning of the French Revolution, Marie Louise fled France. She left behind her superb hôtel on the rue Neuve Saint Augustine in Paris. She died in Regensburg in exile at the age of 83.
Her brothers were:
- Charles de Rohan, Prince of Soubise, Duke of Rohan-Rohan (16 July 1715–4 July 1787) married Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne (1722–1739) and had issue; married again to Princess Anna Teresa of Savoy (1717–1745) and had issue; married Victoria of Hesse-Rotenburg (1728–1792) no issue;
- François Armand Auguste de Rohan, cardinal de Soubise, Prince of Tournon (1 December 1717–28 June 1758); never married;
- François Auguste de Rohan, Count of Tournon (16 September 1721–6 August 1736) never married;
- René de Rohan, Abbot of Luxeuil (26 July 1723–7 February 1743) never married.
|Ancestors of Marie Louise de Rohan|
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 7 January 1720 – 4 June 1736 Her Highness Mademoiselle de Soubise
- 4 June 1736 – 2 May 1743 Her Highness the Countess of Marsan
- 2 May 1743 – 4 March 1803 Her Highness the Dowager Countess of Marsan
References and notes
- Some sources say 14 June
- de La Chesnaye-Desbois, Badier, Francois Alexandre Aubert. "Dictionnaire de la noblesse". Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
- Gillispie. Charles Coulston: Science and polity in France: the end of the old regime, Princeton, New Jersey (1980), p.155
- Mansel, Philip. "The Court of France 1789-1830". Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-04-07.
The Duchess of Tallard
|Governess of the
Children of France
The Princess of Guéméné