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Opera and recording career
On 22 November 1905, Rappold made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera as Sulamith in Karl Goldmark's Die Königin von Saba (The Queen of Sheba, 1875). She continued to appear at the Met until 1920, during which time, she gave a total of 198 performances in 23 roles and 22 operas. Her first husband, Dr. Julius Rappold, objected to her career, and she divorced him in 1907. In 1913, she married tenor Rudolf Berger (17 April 1874, Moravia – 27 February 1915, New York City).
During World War I, Edison Records started a marketing campaign, hiring prominent opera singers and vaudeville performers to perform alongside and alternating with Edison records of their performances played on top-of-the-line Edison Diamond Disc Phonographs. At various stages during the performances, all lights in the theater would be darkened and the audience challenged to guess whether they were hearing a live performance or a recording. Written accounts of the time often said that much of the audience was astonished when the lights went back up to reveal only the Edison phonograph on stage. According to a book published by the Edison company titled Composers and Artists whose Art is Re-Created by Edison's New Art (ca. 1920), the first such "comparison test" took place at Carnegie Hall on April 28, 1916, with Rappold providing the live vocal performance.
She recorded for Edison and Victor Records, and appeared in short films for Universal Studios. She also appeared in a short film made by Lee De Forest in his Phonofilm sound-on-film process in 1922, which is now in the Maurice Zouary film collection at the Library of Congress. In June 1925, Rappold played the female lead in the premiere of Frank Patterson's opera The Echo with tenor Forrest Lamont (1881–1937).
Death and legacy
- "Marie Rappold, Ex-Met Soprano. Member of the Opera Troupe From 1907 [sic] to 1920 Is Dead. Taught Voice on Coast". The New York Times. May 14, 1957. Retrieved 2014-08-02. "Marie Rappold, a dramatic soprario with the Metropolitan Opera for fourteen years died yesterday in Victory Hospital, North Hollywood. She was 84 years old. ..."
- Passport application for Marie Rappold from May 12, 1906, United States Department of State
- "Rappold, Marie" by J. B. Steane, The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, edited by Stanley Sadie (subscription required)
- Library and Archives Canada entry on Lamont
- Nicolas Slonimsky, ed. (1958). "Rappold, Marie". Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (5th edition ed.). p. 1307.
- Marie Rappold at Historic Opera
- Marie Rappold at Library of Congress website (with photo) with links to historic recordings
- Marie Rappold at the Internet Movie Database
- SilentEra entry for 1922 short film Rappold made in Phonofilm
- Link to Rappold singing "Smiles" (1919)
- photo of Rappold visiting Universal Studios (c. 1920) from PictureHistory website
- Marie Rappold: "O Divine Redeemer" on YouTube, ("Repentir") by Charles Gounod, recorded in April 1920 on Edison Royal Purple Cylinder