She was born in Paris. At the age of 12, she was sent to be educated in England for two years. She then studied with Mocker and Auber at the Paris Conservatoire, where she received the first prize in singing in 1865. That same year, she made her debut at the Opéra-Comique. Her success there led to engagements with the Paris Opéra, and later in London. From 1876 she worked with the Carl Rosa Opera Company during their UK tours and in Scotland over a ten-year period sang roles ranging from Carmen and Manon to Marguerite. In 1877, she was engaged by the Max Strakosch Opera Company and made her American debut on 8 January 1878 in Philadelphia as Leonora in Donizetti's La favorita.
She later toured the United States with the Carl Rosa Opera Company from 1883 to 1889 and was particularly noted for her interpretation of the title role Bizet's Carmen. In 1890, she taught singing in Paris and made her farewell tour in 1894. Marie Roze was married first to the operatic bass, Jule E. Perkins, and then to the English impresario James Henry Mapleson. Her son Raymond (1875-1920) was a minor composer whose opera Joan of Arc was performed at the Royal Opera House, London in 1913.
- Baltzell, W. J., "Roze, Marie" in Baltzell's Dictionary of Musicians, originally published in 1910, facsimile edition published by Read Books, 2007. ISBN 1-4067-5382-3
- New York Times, "Mme. Marie Roze: Arrival of the New Prima Donna of the Strakosch Company", 31 December 1877.
- New York Times, "Marie Roze as Carmen: An Immense Audience in the Boston Globe Theatre", 11 November 1880.
- "Marie Roze". Opera Scotland. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- National Portrait Gallery, London, Portrait of Marie Roze in the title role of Jules Massenet's Manon.