Marie Under circa 1899.
27 March 1883|
Tallinn, Russian Empire
|Died||25 September 1980
|Literary movement||Siuru, Tarapita|
|Spouse||Carl Hacker, Artur Adson|
Under was born in Tallinn, and attended a private German girl's school. After graduating, she worked as a salesclerk in a bookstore. In her free time, she wrote poetry in German. In 1902, she married an Estonian accountant, Carl Hacker. The couple had two children in Kuchino, a suburb of Moscow. However, in 1904, she fell in love with the Estonian artist Ants Laikmaa. Laikmaa convinced her to translate her poetry into Estonian and submitted her translated works to local newspapers.
Return to Estonia
In 1906, Under returned to Reval. In 1913, she met Artur Adson, who became her secretary. He also compiled the first volumes of her published poetry. In 1924, Under divorced Carl Hacker and married Adson.
In the 1920s, Under was a frequent visitor at the house of Igor Severyanin, a Russian poet, in the village of Toila, where she often was on holiday. Severyanin published a book of translations from Under. Severyanin did not speak Estonian and used word-by-word translations as a basis.
Life in Exile
Beginning in September 1944, the U.S.S.R. reoccupied Estonia. Under and her family fled to Sweden. They spent almost a year in a refugee camp. In 1945, the family moved to Mälarhöjden, a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden, where Under lived until her death on September 25, 1980. She died in Stockholm and is buried in the Skogskyrkogården in Stockholm. In January 2015 it was announced that she was to be reburied in Estonia.
Under's work was translated into at least 26 languages. She is one of the best translated Estonian authors.
- Russian by Igor Severyanin.
- Komi by Nina Obrezkova (2008).
- Udmurt by Nadezhda Pchelovodova (Nadi Mush, 2006).
- Tambur, S. (4 January 2015). "Estonia’s most influential poet to be reburied". Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Шумаков, Юрий. "Игорь Северянин в Эстонии" (in Russian). Встреча. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Игорь Северянин" (in Russian). Век Перевода. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Marie Under". Estonian Literature Centre. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Ундер Мария (Marie Under)" (in Russian). National Library of the Republic of Komi. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
|Library resources about
|By Marie Under|