Marie of Brabant, Queen of France

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Marie of Brabant
MariaofBrabant.jpg
Queen consort of France
Tenure 21 August 1274 – 5 October 1285
Spouse Philip III of France
Issue Louis d'Évreux
Blanche, Duchess of Austria
Margaret, Queen of England
House House of Brabant
Father Henry III, Duke of Brabant
Mother Adelaide of Burgundy
Born (1254-05-13)13 May 1254
Leuven
Died 12 January 1321(1321-01-12) (aged 66)
Les Mureaux, France
Burial Cordeliers Convent, Paris
Religion Roman Catholicism
Marie, at her coronation

Marie of Brabant (French: Marie de Brabant; 13 May 1254 – 12 January 1321) was Queen consort of France.

Marie was born in Leuven, Brabant. She was a daughter of Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy, daughter of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.

Family[edit]

Marie's paternal grandparents were Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and his wife Marie of Hohenstaufen. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, and his first wife Yolande of Dreux. Marie's siblings included Henry IV, Duke of Brabant, and John I, Duke of Brabant.

Marriage[edit]

Marie married on 21 August 1274, to Philip III of France. This was Philip's second marriage, after the death of his first wife, Isabella of Aragon. Isabella had already given birth to three surviving sons: Louis, Philip and Charles.

Philip was under the strong influence of his mother, the dowager Queen of France, Margaret of Provence and his minion, surgeon and chamberlain (Chambellan) Pierre de La Broce (or Pierre de Brosse). Not being French, Marie stood out at the French court.

In 1276, Philip's son and heir, Louis died, under suspicious circumstances. Marie was suspected of ordering him to be poisoned. La Brosse, who was also suspected, was imprisoned and later executed for the murder. Margaret suspected Marie of ordering the death of Louis and Philip did seem to agree more with his mother than his wife[according to whom?].

Widow[edit]

After the death of Philip III in 1285, Marie lost some of her political influence, and dedicated her life to her three children. Her stepson, Philip was crowned king of France, as Philip IV, on 6 January 1286 in Reims.

Together with Joan I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois, she negotiated peace in 1294 between England and France with Edmund Crouchback, the younger brother of Edward I of England.[1]

Marie lived right through Philip IV's reign and she had outlived all three children.

Issue[edit]

Marie and Philip had three children:

  1. Louis (May 1276 – 19 May 1319), Count of Évreux, married Margaret of Artois.
  2. Blanche (1278 – 19 March 1305, Vienna), married Rudolf III of Austria on 25 May 1300
  3. Margaret, married Edward I of England

Death[edit]

Marie died in 1321, aged 66, in the monastery at Les Mureaux, near Meulan, where she had withdrawn to in 1316. Marie was not buried in the royal necropolis of Basilica of Saint-Denis, but in the Cordeliers Convent, in Paris. Destroyed in a fire in 1580, the church was rebuilt in the following years.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Morris. pp. 267–268.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

French royalty
Preceded by
Isabella of Aragon
Queen consort of France
1274–1285
Succeeded by
Joan I of Navarre