Marienborg has been the official residence of Denmark's prime minister since 1962. It is frequently used for governmental conferences, summits and other official purposes, including the prime minister's new year speech. Unlike the residences of other heads of government and state (e.g. the White House, 10 Downing Street and Élysée Palace), Marienborg does not serve as the government headquarters or contain the office of the prime minister, instead Christiansborg Palace is the location of the government departments.
The main building was constructed around 1745, and in 1795 the property was named after the wife of then owner, Marie Lindencrone. Upon the death of the last private owner, barrister and patron of the arts C. L. David, Marienborg was bequeathed in 1960 to the Danish state as a summer residence for the prime minister in office.
In the 18th century, the region north of Copenhagen became popular for its scenic views and recreative opportunities with the surrounding meadows, woods and lakes, with many summer residences being built.
Many different owners have left their marks on Marienborg and its architecture. The interiors have also been modified repeatedly. Today, Marienborg stands out as a restored classicist estate with a few carefully selected modern accents.
- 1745–1750: Captain Olfert Fischer
- 1750–1753: Peter de Windt
- 1753–1755: Maria Cathrine Michaelsdatter Fabritius
- 1755–1764: Jacob Frederik Schaffalitzky de Muckadell
- 1764–1793: Gysbert Behagen
- 1793–1795: Hans Werner Rudolf Rosenkrantz Giedde
- 1795–1800: Johan Frederik Lindencrone
- 1800–1801: Johann Traugott Lebrecht Otto
- 1801–1803: Julius Ludvig Frederik Rantzau/Johan de Windt
- 1803–1807: Jean de Coninck
- 1807–1809: Estate of Jean de Coninck
- 1809–1824: Peter Boll Wivet
- 1824–1849: Cathrine Ernst
- 1849: Cecilie Wivet
- 1849–1855: Edvard Knudsen
- 1855–1863: Vilhelm Junius Lorentz Petersen
- 1863–1864: Estate of Vilhelm Junius Lorentz Petersen
- 1864–1885: Rosalie Hennings
- 1885–1899: Moltke family
- 1899–1915: Oscar Wandel
- 1915–1934: Vilhelm Skovgaard-Petersen
- 1934–1960: C. L. David
- 1960–1962: Estate of C. L. David
- 1962–present: State residence
The state officially took over Marienborg in January 1962. The following prime ministers have used Marienborg for some official purposes during their term(s):
- Viggo Kampmann 1960–1962 (born Viggo Olfert Fischer Kampmann, a descendant of the original owner)
- Jens Otto Krag 1962–1968, 1971–1972
- Hilmar Baunsgaard 1968–1971
- Anker Jørgensen 1972–1973; 1975–1982
- Poul Hartling 1973–1975
- Poul Schlüter 1982–1993
- Poul Nyrup Rasmussen 1993–2001
- Anders Fogh Rasmussen 2001–2009
- Lars Løkke Rasmussen 2009–2011
- Helle Thorning-Schmidt 2011–
The current Prime Minister, Helle Thorning-Schmidt, lives at her private house in Copenhagen.
- Eva Mellbin & Franz-Michael Skjold Mellbin, Nu Gælder Det Danmark! (The Danish Minister of State's New Year Speeches), Lindhardt & Ringhof (2011), ISBN 8711405260, p. 13 (Danish).
- Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen’s New Year Address 1 January 2010 - Statsministeriet. (1 January 2010). Accessed: 2 September 2012.
- Marienborg - sammenkomster - Den Store Danske Accessed: 2 September 2012 (Danish).
- "The TV-series 'Borgen'". "question about the office and residence of the Danish Prime Minister.". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
Media related to Marienborg at Wikimedia Commons