Marietta, Oklahoma

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For the small census-designated place near Stilwell, see Marietta, Adair County, Oklahoma.
Marietta, Oklahoma
City
Motto: "Gateway To Lake Country"
Location of Marietta, Oklahoma
Location of Marietta, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 33°56′08″N 97°07′12″W / 33.93556°N 97.12000°W / 33.93556; -97.12000Coordinates: 33°56′08″N 97°07′12″W / 33.93556°N 97.12000°W / 33.93556; -97.12000
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Love
Area
 • Total 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Land 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 846 ft (258 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,626
 • Density 1,094.2/sq mi (423.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73448
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-46500[1]
GNIS feature ID 1095143[2]
Website City Website

Marietta is a city in and county seat of Love County, Oklahoma, United States.[3] The population was 2,626 at the 2010 census, a 7.4 percent increase from 2,445 at the 2000 census.[4] Marietta is part of the Ardmore, Oklahoma Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Settlers were attracted by the fertile land near the Red River, which was conducive to agriculture and cattle raising. Cotton quickly became the principal crop. William "Bill" Washington had the largest cattle ranch in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. Bill's brother, Jerry Washington, who lived about a mile north of present-day Marietta, became the town's first postmaster when the post office opened on December 20, 1887. A local story claims that the town was named for Jerry's wife.[5]

The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway (later the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) laid its rail line in early 1887, stimulating economic growth for the future town of Marietta, Indian Territory. The first train ran July 28, 1887.[5]

Marietta had 1,391 settlers at the time of Oklahoma Statehood in 1907. The Love County courthouse, the first built after statehood in Oklahoma, was completed in 1910. There were 1,546 residents in the 1910 census, and the town was served by at least three banks, three churches and 24 retail establishments.[5]

Geography[edit]

Marietta is located at 33°56′8″N 97°7′12″W / 33.93556°N 97.12000°W / 33.93556; -97.12000 (33.935551, -97.119867).[6] It is 15 miles (24 km) north of the Red River and 114 miles (183 km) south of Oklahoma City.[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which, 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) of it is land and 0.42% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,546
1920 1,977 27.9%
1930 1,505 −23.9%
2000 2,445
2010 2,626 7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,626 people, 983 households, and 670 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,029.2 people per square mile (396.6/km²). There were 1,115 housing units at an average density of 461 per square mile (178/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.4% white, 4.7% African American, 5.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 18.5% from other races, and 5.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.9% of the population.

There were 983 households, out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. Twenty-eight percent of households were made up of individuals and 2.3% of the population was institutionalized. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.7.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,198, and the median income for a family was $37,188. Males had a median income of $28,900 versus $25,556 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,625. About 20% of families and 26% of the population were below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

Downtown Marietta suffered when Interstate 35 was built on the edge of town. By the turn of the 21st Century, the main employers were the Marietta Bakery (400 workers) and Siemens Dematic (65 workers). In January 2004, the bakery declared bankruptcy and closed. Soon after, the Siemens plant closed. Months later the Chickasaw Nation bought the Siemens plant and rehired many of the former employees. Still later, it bought the bakery and reopened it, though with a much smaller work force.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Marietta is located on State Highway 32 at the corner of junction US Route 77 and is just east of Interstate 35.

Airports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ CensusViewer:Marietta, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d Horn, Tommie L. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Marietta." Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]