Marine Corps Air Station Futenma

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MCAS Futenma
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma 20100526.jpg
MCAS Futenma insignia.svg
MCAS Futenma logo
IATA: noneICAO: ROTM
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator United States Marine Corps
Location Okinawa, Japan
Built 1945
In use 1945 - present
Commander Col. James Flynn
Occupants 1st Marine Aircraft Wing
Elevation AMSL 246 ft / 75 m
Coordinates 26°16′15″N 127°44′53″E / 26.27083°N 127.74806°E / 26.27083; 127.74806Coordinates: 26°16′15″N 127°44′53″E / 26.27083°N 127.74806°E / 26.27083; 127.74806
Website Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
Map
ROTM is located in Japan
ROTM
ROTM
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24A 2,740 8,990 Asphalt/Concrete
Sources: Official site[1]
Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[2]

Marine Corps Air Station Futenma or MCAS Futenma (Japanese: 海兵隊普天間航空基地 Hepburn: Kaiheitai Futenma Kōkū Kichi?)A[3] (ICAO: ROTM) is a United States Marine Corps base located in Ginowan, 5 NM (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) northeast[2]B of Naha, on the island of Okinawa. It is home to approximately 3,000[citation needed] Marines of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing and has been a U.S. military airbase since the defeat of the Japanese Imperial Army in the Battle of Okinawa in 1945. Marine Corps pilots and aircrew are assigned to the base for training and providing air support to other land and sea-based Marines in Okinawa and throughout the Asia-Pacific region. MCAS Futenma is part of the Marine Corps Installations Pacific command.

MCAS Futenma is situated in Ginowan City (pop. 93,661).[4] The base includes a 2,740 by 45 m (8,990 by 148 ft)[2]A runway at 75 meters elevation,[5] as well as extensive barracks, administrative and logistical facilities. The air station is tasked with operating a variety of fixed wing, rotary wing and tilt rotor aircraft in support of the III Marine Expeditionary Force, the Japan U.S. defense alliance and many allies and treaty partners in the region. The base is also used as a United Nations air distribution hub facility.[6][7]

History[edit]

Futenma Air Base in Okinawa, Japan circa 1945
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma and the town of Ginowan, Okinawa.

Futenma Airfield was constructed by the US military following the Battle of Okinawa in 1945. According to Ginowan City records, the joint population of what was then Ginowan Village (now Ginowan City) was 12,994 in 1944. It was initially allocated for Eighth Air Force use to station B-29 Superfortress strategic bombers in the planned Invasion of Japan. With the end of the war, the airfield became a United States Air Force Far East Air Force installation known as Futenma Air Base, and was used as a support airfield for the nearby Kadena Air Base, hosting fighter-interceptor squadrons as part of the air defense of the Ryukyu Islands. The base was transferred to the United States Navy on 30 June 1957 and was subsequently developed into a United States Marine Corps air station.[8][9]

Each year, MCAS Futenma opens its gates to the community for the Futenma Flight Line Fair, which includes popular big-name U.S. band performances, entertainment, static displays of all aircraft, military vehicles and demonstrations, and more.[10] In 2013, more than 70,000 people attended the open base event, and the most popular aircraft on display were the MV-22 Ospreys.[11] Aside from the annual fair, there are hundreds of community relations events held each year by MCAS Futenma staff, highlighting the excellent relationships Marines enjoy with the local community.[12]

Capability[edit]

Futenma's 75m elevation provides a safe and effective location to provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations in the event of a tsunami, which would render the sea-level Naha international airport inoperable.[13] The 9,000 ft. runway also gives the capability of safely landing the largest commercial and military cargo planes in the world, including the Antonov An-124 Ruslan, which has landed at Futenma multiple times.[14][15] Futenma has a high record of safety with well established procedures. [13]

Community[edit]

The airbase has become a focal point of various political controversies in recent years. Due to population growth and encroachment around the base, concerns surrounding training flights over residential areas causing noise, air pollution and endangering public safety also became controversial issues in Ginowan City.[16] Safety concerns were voiced after the August 2004 hard landing of a Marine Corps CH-53D transport helicopter on the campus of Okinawa International University after the aircraft suffered mechanical issues. Three crew members were injured, but there were no injuries on the ground.[17]

Local residents also became concerned over pollution and ground water and soil contamination caused by the base's activities: for example, Lt. Col. (Ret.) Kris Roberts (USMC) told the Japan Times that his base maintenance team unearthed leaking barrels of Agent Orange at the base in 1981.[18] The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) states that Agent Orange was never present on Okinawa, and an investigation commissioned by the DoD found no evidence that Agent Orange was ever on Okinawa [19] (See Agent Orange: Okinawa, Japan for more details.)

Special interest groups, including supporters and protestors, often gather outside the gates of Futenma. Local Okinawan citizens weekly clean vandalism and debris left by protest groups,[20] and supporters are often seen with banners thanking the US military.[21]

Relocation[edit]

There have been various plans to relocate Marine Corps Air Station Futenma base—first off the island and then within the island—however, as of November 2014 the future of any relocation is uncertain with the election of base-opponent Onaga as Okinawa Govenor.[22] Onaga won against the incumbent Nakaima who had earlier approved landfill work to move the base to Camp Schwab in Henoko. However, Onaga has promised to veto the landfill work needed for the new base to be built and insisted Futenma should be moved outside of Okinawa.[23]

Tenant commands[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

A.^ In the Japanese language MCAS Futenma is formally known as: Kaiheitai Futenma Kōkū Kichi (海兵隊普天間航空基地?), more commonly as: Futenma Hikōjō (普天間飛行場?), and is commonly abbreviated in speech and writing as: Futenma Kichi (普天間基地?).[3][25]
B.^ The text version gives a runway 2,740 by 45 m (8,990 by 148 ft)[2] and the aerodrome chart gives 9,000 by 150 ft (2,743 by 46 m).

References[edit]

  1. ^ MCAS Futenma, official website, retrieved 12 November 2007
  2. ^ a b c d AIS Japan
  3. ^ a b United States Marine Corps (2012). 海兵隊普天間航空基地 [Marine Corps Air Station Futenma] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  4. ^ City of Ginowan (2012). 平成23年版 宜野湾市統計書 [Statistics of Ginowan City, 2011 ed.] (in Japanese). Ginowan, Okinawa Prefecture. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  5. ^ airportnavfinder.com (2012). "ROTM: FUTENMA MCAS". USA. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  6. ^ Global Security website.
  7. ^ "普天間飛行場 (Futenma Hikōjō)". 日本歴史地名大系 (Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  8. ^ USAF Historical Research Agency Document 00219137
  9. ^ USAF Historical Research Agency documents for Futenma Air Base
  10. ^ japanupdate.com (2013). "Futenma's Flightline Fair kicks off Saturday". Okinawa. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  11. ^ Case, Elizabeth (2013). "Flightline Fair showcases military aircraft". Okinawa. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  12. ^ www.okinawa.usmc.mil (2013). "Okinawa Marines website". Okinawa. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  13. ^ a b Eldridge, Robert (3 February 2012). "Okinawa Base Problem Today". nippon.com. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  14. ^ Flynn, Daniel (22 May 2008). "Giant Plane delivers simulator". military.com. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  15. ^ Rostran, Natalie (28 June 2013). "Antenove at Futenma". www.mcasfutenma.marines.mil. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "普天間飛行場 (Futenma Hikōjō)". Dijitaru daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  17. ^ Takahashi 2004.
  18. ^ Mitchell, Jon, "Agent Orange at base in '80s: U.S. vet", Japan Times, 15 June 2012, p. 1
  19. ^ Young, Alvin L. (January 2013). "Investigations into Allegations of Herbicide Orange on Okinawa, Japan". Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (I & E). Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  20. ^ Case, Elizabeth (4 April 2013). "Okinawa, US strengthen friendships via cleanup efforts". www.mcipac.marines.mil. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  21. ^ Osprey Fan Club (20 April 2013). "Okinawa Osprey Fan Club". www.facebook.com/osprey.fan.club. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "Okinawa US base move in doubt after governor elections". BBC. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "U.S. base relocation opponent elected Okinawan governor". Japan Today. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron
  25. ^ "Futenma Hikōjō no kinō to yakuwari (普天間飛行場の機能と役割)" [Funtenma Airport, functions and duties] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-05-25. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]