Marine Firemen's Union
|Full name||Pacific Coast Marine Firemen, Oilers, Watertenders and Wipers Association|
|Head union||Seafarers International Union|
|Key people||Anthony Poplawski, president|
|Office location||San Francisco, CA|
The Pacific Coast Marine Firemen, Oilers, Watertenders and Wipers Association (MFOW) often referred to as the Marine Firemen's Union is an American labor union of mariners working aboard U.S. flag vessels. The Marine Firemen's Union is an affiliate union of Seafarers International Union.
- In June 1886, the union led a strike against the Oceanic Steamship Company.
- In 1901, the union participated in a San Francisco strike of over 20,000 men to oppose an open shop initiative by employers.
- On May 1, 1906, the union participated in a successful strike for better wages and working conditions. The strike lasted until November 1906.
- In 1921, faced with threats including a 15 percent reduction in wages, loss of overtime pay, a reduction from three to two watches, the union joined a national strike. The strike was unsuccessful, and by the end of the year unlicensed American mariners were being replaced by subsistence-wage foreign crews.
On May 16, 1934 the union joined the West Coast longshoremen's strike of 1934. Lasting 83 days, it led to the unionization of all of the West Coast ports of the United States. The San Francisco general strike, along with the 1934 Toledo Auto-Lite Strike led by the American Workers Party and the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, were important catalysts for the rise of industrial unionism in the 1930s.
West coast sailors walked off their ships in support of the International Longshoremen's Association longshoremen, leaving more than 50 ships idle in the San Francisco harbor. In clashes with the police between July 3 and July 5, 1934, three picketers were killed and "scores were injured." During negotiations to end the strike, the sailors received concessions such a three-watch system, pay increases, and better living conditions.
- In 1936, all the Pacific Maritime Federation unions banded together to strike for wages, working conditions, and a union-controlled hiring hall. The strike was successful.
- The union participated in a 1948 West Coast strike that included the longshoremen. The strike lasted for four months with neither side clearly victorious.
- On March 16, 1962 the union called a strike and on April 11, 1962, under the Taft-Hartley Act, a federal injunction was issued to stop the strike. After lengthy court battles, an agreement was reached, with the union gaining numerous concessions, including "overtime in port, pension benefits, wages, vacation, and welfare benefits."
- The Maritime Trades Department AFL-CIO
- National Maritime Union
- United States Merchant Marine
- Earl King, Ernest Ramsay, and Frank Conner murder case
- "History of the Marine Firemen's Union". mfoww.org. Retrieved March 16, 2007.
- "SIU & Maritime History". seafarers.org. Retrieved March 22, 2007.