Marino, Lazio

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Marino
Comune
Comune di Marino
View of the historical centre.
View of the historical centre.
Coat of arms of Marino
Coat of arms
Marino is located in Italy
Marino
Marino
Location of Marino in Italy
Coordinates: 41°46′N 12°40′E / 41.767°N 12.667°E / 41.767; 12.667Coordinates: 41°46′N 12°40′E / 41.767°N 12.667°E / 41.767; 12.667
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Rome
Frazioni Castelluccia, Cava dei Selci, Due Santi, Fontana Sala, Frattocchie, Santa Maria delle Mole
Government
 • Mayor Adriano Palozzi (PdL)
Area
 • Total 26.10 km2 (10.08 sq mi)
Elevation 360 m (1,180 ft)
Population (April 2010)
 • Total 39,430
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Demonym Marinesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00047
Dialing code 06
Patron saint San Barnaba
Saint day June 11
Website Official website

Marino (Marinum or Castrimoenium in latin, Marini in local dialect) is an Italian city and comune in Lazio (central Italy), on the Alban Hills, Italy, 21 kilometres (13 miles) south east of Rome, with a population of 37,684[1] and a territory of 26.10 kilometres (16 mi).[2] It is bounded by other communes, Castel Gandolfo, Albano Laziale, Rocca di Papa, Grottaferrata, and Ciampino.[3] Marino is famous for its white wine, and for its Grape Festival, which has been celebrated since 1924.

View of the city.

History[edit]

The territory of Marino was inhabited by Latin tribes from the 1st millennium BC. The ancient cities of Bovillae (Frattocchie), Mugilla (Santa Maria delle Mole, a frazione of the comune of Marino) and Ferentum (Marino itself) were part of the Latin League. Under the Roman Republic it was a summer resort for Roman patricians, who built luxurious villas in the area to escape the heat of Rome.

In 846 AD, Bovillae - until then the largest settlement - was destroyed by the Saracens, and the population moved to the more easily defendable area of Ferentum, which was fortified under the new name of Marinum. From 1090 it was a dominium of the Counts of Tusculum, and later a fief of the Frangipane and, beginning in 1266, the Orsini. In 1272, San Bonaventura founded the first confraternity of Italy there.[4]

In 1347 it was besieged in vain by Cola di Rienzo. Fifty years later, it was the site of the battle between Alberico da Barbiano and the French troops supporting Antipope Clement VII. In 1419 it was bought by the Colonna, who maintained it until 1914.

Marino hosted famous historical figures, from Charles VIII of France to Alfonso II d'Este and many others. Vittoria Colonna was born in Marino in 1492 and lived there for part of her life. In 1571, Marino's people welcomed Marcantonio Colonna, a protagonist of the Battle of Lepanto, with a triumph, remembered yearly by a festival.

It became part of Italy in 1870.

On March 14, 1880 the railway Rome-Ciampino-Marino was opened for service. On April 1, 1906 an electric tram line replaced the former. In 1954 the electric tram line was replaced by buses.

On February 2, 1944, during World War II, Marino was heavily bombed by USAAF B-25 (Mitchell) aircraft from the US XII air force.

Main sights[edit]

Mithraeum of Marino
  • Basilica of San Barnaba (17th century). It is in Baroque style, with an imposing façade dating to 1653, and a Latin-cross plan with a nave and two aisles. Among other works of art, it houses the Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew by Guercino and a bust of St. Anthony Abbot by Ercole Ferrata.
  • Church of the Santissima Trinità (1640). It houses a Mystery of the Holy Trinity, now recognized as from a pupil of Guido Reni.
  • Santa Maria delle Grazie. It has a single nave with side chapels. It is home to a painting of St. Roch attributed to Domenichino and, in a niche at the high altar, a fresco attributed to Benozzo Gozzoli (15th century)
  • Chiesa del SS. Rosario (1713), a noteworthy example of Rococo art.
  • Palazzo Colonna (16th century)
  • Fontana dei Mori, depicting prisoners from the aforementioned Battle of Lepanto.
  • Mithraeum, with an important fresco (2nd century AD) portraying the God Mithras slaughtering the bull.
Fountains giving wine.

Festivals[edit]

  • Grape Festival (Italian: Sagra dell'uva): Every 1st Sunday of October. This festival is very famous in the surrounding area because, for about one hour, some of the city's fountains spill wine instead of water, recalling the memory of the old vintage and the historical event of the return to Marino of Marcantonio Colonna with 260 "Marinesi" from the Battle of Lepanto (7 October 1571).
  • Doughnut Festival (Italian: Sagra della ciambella al mosto): Every 2nd Sunday of October. The doughnut (ring-shaped cake) made with flour, raisins and must (grape juice) is a typical product, a "marinese" cake, of limited production, only in the time of the grape harvest, a tradition based on a 17th-century recipe.

Twin towns[edit]

Famous citizens and residents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It is the third comune in Alban Hills for population, after Velletri and Albano Laziale.
  2. ^ , and the fourth comune in the Alban Hills for territory, after Velletri, Rocca di Papa and Rocca Priora.
  3. ^ Ciampino was a frazione of Marino up to December 1974.
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 

External links[edit]