Marino, South Australia
Adelaide, South Australia
|Population||1,986 (2006 Census)|
|LGA(s)||City of Marion|
Marino is a suburb in the south of Adelaide, South Australia. It sits on coastal hills overlooking Gulf St Vincent, within the City of Marion local government area. It neighbours Seacliff, Hallett Cove and Kingston Park.
The suburb features the Marino Rocks beach which has a steep cliff face and then a low and flat rocky beach, leading out to a reef on the southern end of Seacliff. Fishing and snorkelling are common recreation activities.
At the northern end of the beach, the public artwork Contemplation can be viewed, by artist Marijana Tadic. Launched in 2006, the artwork takes the form of a rocked boat.
Also as of 2006, at the access point to the beach, there is mosaic artwork on the outer walls of the toilet facility. These were designed and constructed by South Australian artist Michael Tye. Michael worked with local artists and community members in the design and construction of the mosaic artwork along the nearby retaining wall.
The Seaford railway line passes through the suburb, and there are two railway stations: Marino and Marino Rocks. The line has had an active history, first being built In 1913 to Marino and extending to Willunga in 1915. The section from Hallett Cove to Willunga was closed in 1969. In the 1970s the line was extended south from Hallett Cove, reaching Christie Downs in 1976 and Noarlunga Centre in 1978.
A number of walking trails are available through Marino including the Coastal Walk and the Coast to Vines rail trail. A signposted suburban bikeway from Glenelg to Marino travels along secondary roads in the area.
A team, under the leadership of J.W. McLaren, completed the survey of the coastal strip of Brighton in December 1838. Land grants for sections 206 (now Somerton) and 234 - 246 (now Brighton - Marino) were allotted in March and April 1839. Section 244 was known as Marino, and granted to George S. Kingston. This is now mostly Kingston Park. Sections 245 and 246 were originally known as the New Brighton Country Lands and were granted to Matthew Smith.
Smith divided the New Brighton Country Lands into 40 blocks of 4 acres (16,000 m2) each. It was considered poor pastoral land, due to the exposed salt air and strong winds. By August 1842 Smith had sold only 15 blocks, mainly to notable business people who had little intention of living in the New Brighton Country Lands, but bought properties as a speculative proposition for future sales to fishing families or workers in the nearby quarry. Henry Hickling purchased 6 blocks. In 1884 John Roberts bought some of the remaining unsold blocks and 20 or so years later sold this land to George S. Kingston.
Local government in the area was formed in 1853, the 18th District Council constituted in South Australia. Its name was the District Council of Brighton (as distinct from the Corporation of Brighton which formed some 5 years later, mainly as a result of the determination of local residents to improve roads in the area). The first chairman of this new district was Thomas O'Halloran. The first meetings were held in the Thatched House Tavern, which, if still standing, would be on the corner of Brighton and Sturt roads. According to the 1876 Census, the District Council of Brighton totalled 328 schoolchildren of which 192 were able to read and write. In 1886 the council, less the now small coastal Corporation of Brighton, was renamed the District Council of Marion.
In 1875 a proposal was put forward to build an outer harbour at Marino. The proposal was furthered in 1880 in a report by Captain H.S. Stanley, R.N. In 1901 a Marino Outer Harbour League was formed. However the construction of the Outer Harbour near Port Adelaide, in 1908, finally laid these plans to rest.
The shore from Holdfast Bay to Marino, was generally well visited by townspeople, who would take the hours ride from Adelaide to enjoy the beach and fresh sea breeze. Sundays in particular were popular, especially in fine weather. In Easter, holiday-makers could buy cool drinks, hot water and fruit from a tent set up on the beach, the proprietor paying a guinea fee to the Council to conduct business. In the 1920s an old railway carriage found its way onto the foreshore of Marino Rocks, still a popular holiday destination. In the 1930s, reports from council stated no renovations or building of shacks should disturb the Sunday peace of Marino residents.
Although in the Kuarna language marra is hand and marrana is the plural - hands - it is generally believed that Marino is named after two landmarks known to Charles Kingston, who bought property in the area in 1849.
Charles Kingston, an Irishman who came out to South Australia on board the Cygnet, was born in Bandon, County Cork, 12 miles (19 km) from a prominent point called Marino Point. In addition, in the Dublin suburb of Marino stood a remarkable pavilion, the Casino, built in 1771. As a civil engineer and aspiring architect, Kingston would have been aware of this building.
Early in the history of European settlement of South Australia, limestone, sand, quartzite and gypsum have been quarried in the Marino area.
The South Australian Company quarried building and paving stone. A pier was built at Marino Rocks beach in 1840 to transport this stone to building sites in Port Adelaide and Adelaide. The ridges of the pier, extending out to a marker buoy, are still visible today, at low tide.
In 1882, a limestone quarry supported the first cement manufactured in South Australia. This early industry, after a tumultuous start, is the forerunner of Adelaide Brighton Cement.
Horses played a significant part in the Brighton Cement Works especially on the steep and difficult climb from Marino to the quarries further south, on what was then, and still is, known as Cement Hill.
The Brighton Cement works moved to Angaston in the 1950s. Brighton Cement merged with Adelaide to become Adelaide Brighton Cement in the 1970s.
Linwood Quarries bought into the area in 1933 and further expanded into the previous Brighton Cement Works when they moved out in 1952. In 1973, rehabilitation of the site was being discussed and in 1979 the Marion Golf Park was opened on former quarry land. The cost of the rehabilitation was shared between Quarry Industries, City of Marion and various state and federal government departments. The project marked the first council to avail themselves of funds available through the Extractive Areas Rehabilitation Fund, a 10% state government levy on each ton of extractive minerals sold.
Boral have been operating a small asphalt plant, under a federal mining licence, in Marino, at the Lindwood Quarry since the 1980s.
Walking and Cycling Trails
The 7.2 km coastal boardwalk starts at the Marino Esplanade and finishes at the Hallett Cove Headland Reserve. A part of the Adelaide Coast Park, the walk is unique in the metropolitan area with its rugged cliffs, small coves and rocky coast. The cliffs at Hallett Cove feature significant geological formations with evidence of glacial movements 600 million years ago. The coastline features prominently in the Tjilbruke legend of the Kaurna people. Coastal and marine interpretive signage has been installed along the coastal walking trail and consists of 33 large art signs in the shape of dolphins, fish, crabs and traditional Kaurna shields. Community artist, Barbary O'Brien worked with local schools, resident groups and members of the Kaurna Aboriginal community to develop the signs.
The 34 km Coast to Vines rail trail is a mostly sealed walking and cycling trail starting at Marino and travelling south through Adelaide's southern suburbs along the old railway line. It travels through the McLaren Vale wine district, finishing in the country town of Willunga.
- RailTrails Australia website http://www.railtrails.org.au
- Marion City Council website http://www.marion.sa.gov.au
- The History of Marion on the Sturt, by Alison Dolling
- The Vanishing Sands, by Averil G. Holt
- The Romance of Place Names of South Australia, by Geoffrey H. Manning